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AccessibleObject.Role Property

Gets the role of this accessible object.

[Visual Basic]
Public Overridable ReadOnly Property Role As AccessibleRole
[C#]
public virtual AccessibleRole Role {get;}
[C++]
public: __property virtual AccessibleRole get_Role();
[JScript]
public function get Role() : AccessibleRole;

Property Value

One of the AccessibleRole values, or AccessibleRole.None if no role has been specified.

Remarks

The role of the object helps describe the function of the object.

Notes to Inheritors:  All objects should support this property.

Example

[Visual Basic, C#, C++] The following example demonstrates the creation of an accessibility-aware chart control, using the AccessibleObject and Control.ControlAccessibleObject classes to expose accessible information. The control plots two curves along with a legend. The ChartControlAccessibleObject class, which derives from ControlAccessibleObject, is used in the CreateAccessibilityInstance method to provide custom accessible information for the chart control. Since the chart legend is not an actual Control-based control, but instead is drawn by the chart control, it does not any built-in accessible information. Because of this, the ChartControlAccessibleObject class overrides the GetChild method to return the CurveLegendAccessibleObject that represents accessible information for each part of the legend. When an accessible-aware application uses this control, the control can provide the necessary accessible information.

[Visual Basic, C#, C++] This code excerpt demonstrates overriding the Role property. See the AccessibleObject class overview for the complete code example.

[Visual Basic] 
' Inner Class ChartControlAccessibleObject represents accessible information 
' associated with the ChartControl.
' The ChartControlAccessibleObject is returned in the         ' ChartControl.CreateAccessibilityInstance override.
Public Class ChartControlAccessibleObject
    Inherits Control.ControlAccessibleObject

    Private chartControl As ChartControl
    
    Public Sub New(ctrl As ChartControl)
        MyBase.New(ctrl)
        chartControl = ctrl
    End Sub 'New
    
    ' Get the role for the Chart. This is used by accessibility programs.            
    Public Overrides ReadOnly Property Role() As AccessibleRole
        Get
            Return System.Windows.Forms.AccessibleRole.Chart
        End Get
    End Property
    
    ' Get the state for the Chart. This is used by accessibility programs.            
    Public Overrides ReadOnly Property State() As AccessibleStates
        Get
            Return AccessibleStates.ReadOnly
        End Get
    End Property                        
    
    ' The CurveLegend objects are "child" controls in terms of accessibility so 
    ' return the number of ChartLengend objects.            
    Public Overrides Function GetChildCount() As Integer
        Return chartControl.Legends.Length
    End Function 
    
    ' Get the Accessibility object of the child CurveLegend idetified by index.
    Public Overrides Function GetChild(index As Integer) As AccessibleObject
        If index >= 0 And index < chartControl.Legends.Length Then
            Return chartControl.Legends(index).AccessibilityObject
        End If
        Return Nothing
    End Function 
    
    ' Helper function that is used by the CurveLegend's accessibility object
    ' to navigate between sibiling controls. Specifically, this function is used in
    ' the CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject.Navigate function.
    Friend Function NavigateFromChild(child As CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject, _
                                    navdir As AccessibleNavigation) As AccessibleObject
        Select Case navdir
            Case AccessibleNavigation.Down, AccessibleNavigation.Next
                    Return GetChild(child.ID + 1)
            
            Case AccessibleNavigation.Up, AccessibleNavigation.Previous
                    Return GetChild(child.ID - 1)
        End Select
        Return Nothing
    End Function            

    ' Helper function that is used by the CurveLegend's accessibility object
    ' to select a specific CurveLegend control. Specifically, this function is used 
    ' in the CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject.Select function.            
    Friend Sub SelectChild(child As CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject, selection As AccessibleSelection)
        Dim childID As Integer = child.ID
        
        ' Determine which selection action should occur, based on the
        ' AccessibleSelection value.
        If (selection And AccessibleSelection.TakeSelection) <> 0 Then
            Dim i As Integer
            For i = 0 To chartControl.Legends.Length - 1
                If i = childID Then
                    chartControl.Legends(i).Selected = True
                Else
                    chartControl.Legends(i).Selected = False
                End If
            Next i
            
            ' AccessibleSelection.AddSelection means that the CurveLegend will be selected.
            If (selection And AccessibleSelection.AddSelection) <> 0 Then
                chartControl.Legends(childID).Selected = True
            End If

            ' AccessibleSelection.AddSelection means that the CurveLegend will be unselected.                    
            If (selection And AccessibleSelection.RemoveSelection) <> 0 Then
                chartControl.Legends(childID).Selected = False
            End If
        End If
    End Sub 'SelectChild
End Class 'ChartControlAccessibleObject

[C#] 
// Inner class ChartControlAccessibleObject represents accessible information associated with the ChartControl.
// The ChartControlAccessibleObject is returned in the ChartControl.CreateAccessibilityInstance override.
public class ChartControlAccessibleObject : ControlAccessibleObject
{
    ChartControl chartControl;

    public ChartControlAccessibleObject(ChartControl ctrl) : base(ctrl) 
    {
        chartControl = ctrl;
    }

    // Gets the role for the Chart. This is used by accessibility programs.
    public override AccessibleRole Role
    {  
        get {
            return AccessibleRole.Chart;
        }
    }

    // Gets the state for the Chart. This is used by accessibility programs.
    public override AccessibleStates State
    {  
        get {                    
            return AccessibleStates.ReadOnly;
        }
    }

    // The CurveLegend objects are "child" controls in terms of accessibility so 
    // return the number of ChartLengend objects.
    public override int GetChildCount()
    {  
        return chartControl.Legends.Length;
    }

    // Gets the Accessibility object of the child CurveLegend idetified by index.
    public override AccessibleObject GetChild(int index)
    {  
        if (index >= 0 && index < chartControl.Legends.Length) {
            return chartControl.Legends[index].AccessibilityObject;
        }                
        return null;
    }

    // Helper function that is used by the CurveLegend's accessibility object
    // to navigate between sibiling controls. Specifically, this function is used in
    // the CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject.Navigate function.
    internal AccessibleObject NavigateFromChild(CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject child, 
                                                AccessibleNavigation navdir) 
    {  
        switch(navdir) {
            case AccessibleNavigation.Down:
            case AccessibleNavigation.Next:
                return GetChild(child.ID + 1);
                
            case AccessibleNavigation.Up:
            case AccessibleNavigation.Previous:
                return GetChild(child.ID - 1);                        
        }
        return null;
    }

    // Helper function that is used by the CurveLegend's accessibility object
    // to select a specific CurveLegend control. Specifically, this function is used
    // in the CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject.Select function.
    internal void SelectChild(CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject child, AccessibleSelection selection) 
    {   
        int childID = child.ID;

        // Determine which selection action should occur, based on the
        // AccessibleSelection value.
        if ((selection & AccessibleSelection.TakeSelection) != 0) {
            for(int i = 0; i < chartControl.Legends.Length; i++) {
                if (i == childID) {
                    chartControl.Legends[i].Selected = true;                        
                } else {
                    chartControl.Legends[i].Selected = false;
                }
            }

            // AccessibleSelection.AddSelection means that the CurveLegend will be selected.
            if ((selection & AccessibleSelection.AddSelection) != 0) {
                chartControl.Legends[childID].Selected = true;                        
            }

            // AccessibleSelection.AddSelection means that the CurveLegend will be unselected.
            if ((selection & AccessibleSelection.RemoveSelection) != 0) {
                chartControl.Legends[childID].Selected = false;                        
            }
        }            
    }
}

[C++] 
// Inner class ChartControlAccessibleObject represents accessible information associated with the ChartControl.
// The ChartControlAccessibleObject is returned in the ChartControl::CreateAccessibilityInstance .
__gc class ChartControlAccessibleObject : public ControlAccessibleObject {
   ChartControl* chartControl;

public:
   ChartControlAccessibleObject(ChartControl* ctrl) : ControlAccessibleObject (ctrl) {
      chartControl = ctrl;
   }

   // Gets the role for the Chart. This is used by accessibility programs.
   __property System::Windows::Forms::AccessibleRole get_Role() {
      return AccessibleRole::Chart;
   }

   // Gets the state for the Chart. This is used by accessibility programs.
   __property AccessibleStates get_State() {
      return AccessibleStates::ReadOnly;
   }

   // The CurveLegend objects are "child" controls in terms of accessibility so
   // return the number of ChartLengend objects.
   int GetChildCount() {
      return chartControl->Legends->Length;
   }

   // Gets the Accessibility object of the child CurveLegend idetified by index.
   AccessibleObject* GetChild(int index) {
      if (index >= 0 && index < chartControl->Legends->Length) {
         return chartControl->Legends[index]->AccessibilityObject;
      }
      return 0;
   }

   // Helper function that is used by the CurveLegend's accessibility object
   // to navigate between sibiling controls. Specifically, this function is used in
   // the CurveLegend::CurveLegendAccessibleObject.Navigate function.
public private:
   AccessibleObject* NavigateFromChild(CurveLegend::CurveLegendAccessibleObject* child,
      AccessibleNavigation navdir) {
         switch(navdir) {
                 case AccessibleNavigation::Down:
                 case AccessibleNavigation::Next:
                    return GetChild(child->ID + 1);

                 case AccessibleNavigation::Up:
                 case AccessibleNavigation::Previous:
                    return GetChild(child->ID - 1);
         }
         return 0;
      }

      // Helper function that is used by the CurveLegend's accessibility object
      // to select a specific CurveLegend control. Specifically, this function is used
      // in the CurveLegend::CurveLegendAccessibleObject.Select function.
      void SelectChild(CurveLegend::CurveLegendAccessibleObject* child, AccessibleSelection selection) {
         int childID = child->ID;

         // Determine which selection action should occur, based on the
         // AccessibleSelection value.
         if ((selection & AccessibleSelection::TakeSelection) != 0) {
            for (int i = 0; i < chartControl->Legends->Length; i++) {
               if (i == childID) {
                  chartControl->Legends[i]->Selected = true;
               } else {
                  chartControl->Legends[i]->Selected = false;
               }
            }

            // AccessibleSelection->AddSelection means that the CurveLegend will be selected.
            if ((selection & AccessibleSelection::AddSelection) != 0) {
               chartControl->Legends[childID]->Selected = true;
            }

            // AccessibleSelection->AddSelection means that the CurveLegend will be unselected.
            if ((selection & AccessibleSelection::RemoveSelection) != 0) {
               chartControl->Legends[childID]->Selected = false;
            }
         }
      }
}; // class ChartControlAccessibleObject

[JScript] No example is available for JScript. To view a Visual Basic, C#, or C++ example, click the Language Filter button Language Filter in the upper-left corner of the page.

Requirements

Platforms: Windows 98, Windows NT 4.0, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 2000, Windows XP Home Edition, Windows XP Professional, Windows Server 2003 family

See Also

AccessibleObject Class | AccessibleObject Members | System.Windows.Forms Namespace | Bounds | DefaultAction | Description | Help | KeyboardShortcut | Name | Parent | State | Value

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