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CollectionViewSource Class

The XAML proxy of a collection view class.

System.Object
  System.Windows.DependencyObject
    System.Windows.Data.CollectionViewSource

Namespace:  System.Windows.Data
Assembly:  System.Windows (in System.Windows.dll)

public class CollectionViewSource : DependencyObject, 
	ISupportInitialize
<CollectionViewSource .../>

The CollectionViewSource type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public methodSupported by Silverlight for Windows PhoneCollectionViewSourceInitializes a new instance of the CollectionViewSource class.
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  NameDescription
Public propertySupported by Silverlight for Windows PhoneCultureGets or sets the cultural information for any operations of the view that might differ by culture, such as sorting.
Public propertySupported by Silverlight for Windows PhoneDispatcherGets the Dispatcher this object is associated with. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public propertySupported by Silverlight for Windows PhoneGroupDescriptionsGets a collection of GroupDescription objects that describe how items in the collection are grouped in the view.
Public propertySupported by Silverlight for Windows PhoneSortDescriptionsGets a collection of SortDescription objects that describe how the items in the collection are sorted in the view.
Public propertySupported by Silverlight for Windows PhoneSourceGets or sets the collection object from which to create this view.
Public propertySupported by Silverlight for Windows PhoneViewGets the view object that is currently associated with this instance of CollectionViewSource.
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  NameDescription
Public methodSupported by Silverlight for Windows PhoneCheckAccessDetermines whether the calling thread has access to this object. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public methodSupported by Silverlight for Windows PhoneClearValueClears the local value of a dependency property. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public methodSupported by Silverlight for Windows PhoneDeferRefreshEnters a defer cycle that you can use to merge changes to the view and delay automatic refresh.
Public methodSupported by Silverlight for Windows PhoneEquals(Object)Determines whether the specified Object is equal to the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodSupported by Silverlight for Windows PhoneFinalizeAllows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before the Object is reclaimed by garbage collection. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodSupported by Silverlight for Windows PhoneGetAnimationBaseValueReturns any base value established for a Silverlight dependency property, which would apply in cases where an animation is not active. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public methodSupported by Silverlight for Windows PhoneGetHashCodeServes as a hash function for a particular type. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodSupported by Silverlight for Windows PhoneGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodSupported by Silverlight for Windows PhoneGetValueReturns the current effective value of a dependency property from a DependencyObject. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Protected methodSupported by Silverlight for Windows PhoneMemberwiseCloneCreates a shallow copy of the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodSupported by Silverlight for Windows PhoneOnCollectionViewTypeChangedInvoked when the collection view type changes.
Protected methodSupported by Silverlight for Windows PhoneOnSourceChangedInvoked when the Source property changes.
Public methodSupported by Silverlight for Windows PhoneReadLocalValueReturns the local value of a dependency property, if a local value is set. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public methodSupported by Silverlight for Windows PhoneSetValueSets the local value of a dependency property on a DependencyObject. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public methodSupported by Silverlight for Windows PhoneToStringReturns a string that represents the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
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  NameDescription
Public eventSupported by Silverlight for Windows PhoneFilterProvides filtering logic.
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  NameDescription
Public fieldStatic memberSupported by Silverlight for Windows PhoneSourcePropertyIdentifies the Source dependency property.
Public fieldStatic memberSupported by Silverlight for Windows PhoneViewPropertyIdentifies the View dependency property.
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  NameDescription
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodSupported by Silverlight for Windows PhoneISupportInitialize.BeginInitSignals the object that initialization is starting.
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodSupported by Silverlight for Windows PhoneISupportInitialize.EndInitSignals the object that initialization is complete.
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CollectionViewSource is a proxy for a class that implements ICollectionView. CollectionViewSource enables XAML code to set the commonly used ICollectionView properties, passing these settings to the underlying view. CollectionViewSource has a View property that holds the actual view and a Source property that holds the source collection. The view is generated automatically unless the source collection implements ICollectionViewFactory, in which case the view is retrieved through the CreateView method.

You can think of a collection view as the layer on top of the binding source collection that allows you to navigate and display the collection based on sort, filter, and grouping queries, all without having to manipulate the underlying source collection itself. If the source collection implements the INotifyCollectionChanged interface, the changes raised by the CollectionChanged event are propagated to the views.

Because views do not change the underlying source collections, each source collection can have multiple views associated with it. For example, you may have a collection of Task objects. With the use of views, you can display that same data in different ways. For example, on the left side of your page you may want to show tasks sorted by priority, and on the right side, grouped by area.

Version Notes

Silverlight 3 does not support the ICollectionViewFactory interface.

The following code example demonstrates the use of this class in XAML to apply sorting to a data source. The data is also defined in XAML to enable you to see the effects of the CollectionViewSource in the Silverlight Designer in Visual Studio 2010.

This example uses the Customer and CustomerCollection classes defined in Walkthrough: Using Sample Data in the Silverlight Designer. The walkthrough also describes how to use design-time attributes to display sample data in the Silverlight Designer.


<UserControl x:Class="CollectionViewSourceExample.MainPage"
  xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
  xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
  xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
  xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"
  xmlns:local="clr-namespace:DesignDataDemo"
  xmlns:compMod="clr-namespace:System.ComponentModel;assembly=System.Windows"
  xmlns:sdk="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation/sdk"
  mc:Ignorable="d" d:DesignHeight="300" d:DesignWidth="400" >

  <UserControl.Resources>

    <local:CustomerCollection x:Key="customerSampleData" >
      <local:Customer FirstName="Syed" LastName="Abbas" Age="23" 
        CustomerID="E7181DC6-3F9E-45A4-A5F7-AC0B119D1FD8" />
      <local:Customer FirstName="Brenda" LastName="Diaz" Age="55" 
        CustomerID="BB638D72-8B72-495A-B0F9-79F37964BBAE" />
      <local:Customer FirstName="Lori" LastName="Kane" Age="17" 
        CustomerID="B168D811-5548-4D28-8171-318F9A4D7219" />
    </local:CustomerCollection>

    <CollectionViewSource x:Name="dataSource" 
      Source="{StaticResource customerSampleData}">
      <CollectionViewSource.SortDescriptions>
        <compMod:SortDescription PropertyName="Age" Direction="Ascending"/>
      </CollectionViewSource.SortDescriptions>
    </CollectionViewSource>
  </UserControl.Resources>

  <Grid x:Name="LayoutRoot" Background="White">
    <sdk:DataGrid ItemsSource="{Binding Source={StaticResource dataSource}}" />
  </Grid>

</UserControl>


Silverlight

Supported in: 5, 4, 3

Silverlight for Windows Phone

Supported in: Windows Phone OS 7.1, Windows Phone OS 7.0

For a list of the operating systems and browsers that are supported by Silverlight, see Supported Operating Systems and Browsers.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

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