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WebPartDescription Class

Provides information about a WebPart control that you can display in a catalog of Web Parts controls without having to create an instance of the control.

System.Object
  System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts.WebPartDescription

Namespace:  System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)

public class WebPartDescription

The WebPartDescription type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public methodWebPartDescription(WebPart)Initializes a new instance of the class when a WebPart control instance is available.
Public methodWebPartDescription(String, String, String, String)Initializes a new instance of the class by using several strings that contain description information for a WebPart control.
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  NameDescription
Public propertyCatalogIconImageUrlGets a URL containing the path to an image used as an icon for a WebPart control.
Public propertyDescriptionGets the text of a description for a WebPart control.
Public propertyIDGets the ID of a corresponding WebPart control.
Public propertyTitleGets the title text of a corresponding WebPart control.
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  NameDescription
Public methodEquals(Object)Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodFinalizeAllows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetHashCodeServes as the default hash function. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodMemberwiseCloneCreates a shallow copy of the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodToStringReturns a string that represents the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
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When WebPart controls are displayed in a catalog of controls that users can add to a page, some basic information about each control is required. For example, it is useful to have a title for the control, and a description, so that as users view a catalog they have enough information to decide whether to add a control to the page. However, a catalog of WebPart controls can potentially contain many controls, and it could affect the performance of an application if an instance of every WebPart control must be created to extract the information to display in the catalog.

The WebPartDescription class exists so that it is not necessary to create an instance of a WebPart control to retrieve the information about the control that is displayed in a catalog of controls. In the Web Parts control set, a WebPartDescription object is also used in conjunction with the various CatalogPart controls when a page is in catalog display mode.

The WebPartDescription class has two overloads of its constructor, one that takes a WebPart control as a parameter when an instance is available (the WebPartDescription constructor), and one that takes several strings with information about the control as parameters (the WebPartDescription constructor).

The WebPartDescription class also has several properties designed to contain the description information for WebPart controls. The following table summarizes the WebPartDescription properties, and what property each one corresponds to in a WebPart control.

Description property

Related part control property

ID

ID

Title

Title

Description

Description

CatalogIconImageUrl

CatalogIconImageUrl

The following code example demonstrates programmatic use of the WebPartDescription class. Ordinarily, this type is used primarily by the Web Parts control set, but this code example is simply showing basic programmatic usage of the main description properties.

The code example has four parts:

  • A user control that enables users to change display modes on a Web page.

  • A custom WebPart control.

  • A Web page to host the other controls.

  • An explanation of how the code example works.

The first part of the code example is the user control. The source code for the user control comes from another topic. For more details about the user control, see the topic Walkthrough: Changing Display Modes on a Web Parts Page.

<%@ control language="C#" classname="DisplayModeMenuCS"%>
<script runat="server">

 // Use a field to reference the current WebPartManager.
  WebPartManager _manager;

  void Page_Init(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    Page.InitComplete += new EventHandler(InitComplete);

  }  

  void InitComplete(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
  {
    _manager = WebPartManager.GetCurrentWebPartManager(Page);

    String browseModeName = WebPartManager.BrowseDisplayMode.Name;

    // Fill the dropdown with the names of supported display modes.
    foreach (WebPartDisplayMode mode in _manager.SupportedDisplayModes)
    {
      String modeName = mode.Name;
      // Make sure a mode is enabled before adding it.
      if (mode.IsEnabled(_manager))
      {
        ListItem item = new ListItem(modeName, modeName);
        DisplayModeDropdown.Items.Add(item);
      }
    }

    // If shared scope is allowed for this user, display the scope-switching
    // UI and select the appropriate radio button for the current user scope.
    if (_manager.Personalization.CanEnterSharedScope)
    {
      Panel2.Visible = true;
      if (_manager.Personalization.Scope == PersonalizationScope.User)
        RadioButton1.Checked = true;
      else
        RadioButton2.Checked = true;
    }

  }

  // Change the page to the selected display mode.
  void DisplayModeDropdown_SelectedIndexChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    String selectedMode = DisplayModeDropdown.SelectedValue;

    WebPartDisplayMode mode = _manager.SupportedDisplayModes[selectedMode];
    if (mode != null)
      _manager.DisplayMode = mode;
  }

  // Set the selected item equal to the current display mode.
  void Page_PreRender(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    ListItemCollection items = DisplayModeDropdown.Items;
    int selectedIndex = 
      items.IndexOf(items.FindByText(_manager.DisplayMode.Name));
    DisplayModeDropdown.SelectedIndex = selectedIndex;
  }

  // Reset all of a user's personalization data for the page.
  protected void LinkButton1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    _manager.Personalization.ResetPersonalizationState();
  }

  // If not in User personalization scope, toggle into it.
  protected void RadioButton1_CheckedChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    if (_manager.Personalization.Scope == PersonalizationScope.Shared)
      _manager.Personalization.ToggleScope();
  }

  // If not in Shared scope, and if user is allowed, toggle the scope.
  protected void RadioButton2_CheckedChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    if (_manager.Personalization.CanEnterSharedScope && 
        _manager.Personalization.Scope == PersonalizationScope.User)
      _manager.Personalization.ToggleScope();
  }
</script>
<div>
  <asp:Panel ID="Panel1" runat="server" 
    Borderwidth="1" 
    Width="230" 
    BackColor="lightgray"
    Font-Names="Verdana, Arial, Sans Serif" >
    <asp:Label ID="Label1" runat="server" 
      Text="&nbsp;Display Mode" 
      Font-Bold="true"
      Font-Size="8"
      Width="120" 
      AssociatedControlID="DisplayModeDropdown"/>
    <div>
    <asp:DropDownList ID="DisplayModeDropdown" runat="server"  
      AutoPostBack="true" 
      Width="120"
      OnSelectedIndexChanged="DisplayModeDropdown_SelectedIndexChanged" />
    <asp:LinkButton ID="LinkButton1" runat="server"
      Text="Reset User State" 
      ToolTip="Reset the current user's personalization data for the page."
      Font-Size="8"  
      OnClick="LinkButton1_Click" />
    </div>
    <asp:Panel ID="Panel2" runat="server" 
      GroupingText="Personalization Scope"
      Font-Bold="true"
      Font-Size="8" 
      Visible="false" >
      <asp:RadioButton ID="RadioButton1" runat="server" 
        Text="User" 
        AutoPostBack="true"
        GroupName="Scope" OnCheckedChanged="RadioButton1_CheckedChanged" />
      <asp:RadioButton ID="RadioButton2" runat="server" 
        Text="Shared" 
        AutoPostBack="true"
        GroupName="Scope" 
        OnCheckedChanged="RadioButton2_CheckedChanged" />
    </asp:Panel>
  </asp:Panel>
</div>

The second part of the code example is a custom WebPart control. For the code example to run, you must compile this source code. You can compile it explicitly and put the resulting assembly in your Web site's Bin folder or the global assembly cache. Alternatively, you can put the source code in your site's App_Code folder, where it will be dynamically compiled at run time. This code example uses the approach of dynamic compilation. For a walkthrough that demonstrates how to compile, see Walkthrough: Developing and Using a Custom Web Server Control.

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Security.Permissions;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;

namespace Samples.AspNet.CS.Controls
{
  [AspNetHostingPermission(SecurityAction.Demand,
    Level = AspNetHostingPermissionLevel.Minimal)]
  [AspNetHostingPermission(SecurityAction.InheritanceDemand,
    Level = AspNetHostingPermissionLevel.Minimal)]
  public class TextDisplayWebPart : WebPart
  {
    private String _contentText = null;
    TextBox input;
    Label DisplayContent;
    Literal lineBreak;

    [Personalizable(), WebBrowsable]
    public String ContentText
    {
      get { return _contentText; }
      set { _contentText = value; }
    }

    protected override void CreateChildControls()
    {
      Controls.Clear();
      DisplayContent = new Label();
      DisplayContent.BackColor = Color.LightBlue;
      DisplayContent.Text = this.ContentText;
      this.Controls.Add(DisplayContent);

      lineBreak = new Literal();
      lineBreak.Text = @"<br />";
      Controls.Add(lineBreak);

      input = new TextBox();
      this.Controls.Add(input);
      Button update = new Button();
      update.Text = "Set Label Content";
      update.Click += new EventHandler(this.submit_Click);
      this.Controls.Add(update);

    }

    private void submit_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
      // Update the label string. 
      if (input.Text != String.Empty)
      {
        _contentText = input.Text + @"<br />";
        input.Text = String.Empty;
        DisplayContent.Text = this.ContentText;
      }
    }

  }
}

The third part of the code example is the Web page. Near the top are two Register directives: one that registers the user control, and the other to register the custom WebPart control whose source file is located in the App_Code folder of your site. The page contains an <asp:catalogzone> element, which in turn contains declarative references to two controls: the custom WebPart control named TextDisplayWebPart, and a BulletedList Web server control that will be treated as a WebPart control at run time because the WebPartManager control will wrap it with a GenericWebPart object. Note that in the code for the Button1_Click method, the available WebPartDescription objects for the WebPart controls in the catalog are retrieved using the GetAvailableWebPartDescriptions method, and then the description details are all written out to the page.

<%@ Page Language="C#" %>
<%@ Register TagPrefix="uc1"
    TagName="DisplayModeMenuCS"
    Src="~/DisplayModeMenuCS.ascx" %>
<%@ Register TagPrefix="aspSample" 
    Namespace="Samples.AspNet.CS.Controls"%>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<script runat="server">

  protected void Button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    Label1.Text = String.Empty;

    WebPartDescriptionCollection descriptions = 
      DeclarativeCatalogPart1.GetAvailableWebPartDescriptions();

    foreach (WebPartDescription desc in descriptions)
    {
      Label1.Text += "ID: " + desc.ID + "<br />" +
        "Title: " + desc.Title + "<br />" +
        "Description: " + desc.Description + "<br />" +
        "ImageUrl: " + desc.CatalogIconImageUrl + "<br />" +
        "<hr />";
    }
  }

  protected void Page_PreRender(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    if (mgr1.DisplayMode == WebPartManager.CatalogDisplayMode)
    {
      Button1.Visible = true;
      Label1.Visible = true;
    }
    else
    {
      Button1.Visible = false;
      Label1.Visible = false;
    }
  }
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head id="Head1" runat="server">
  <title>Untitled Page</title>
</head>
<body>
  <form id="form1" runat="server">
    <asp:WebPartManager ID="mgr1" runat="server">
    </asp:WebPartManager>
    <uc1:DisplayModeMenuCS ID="menu1" runat="server" />
    <asp:WebPartZone ID="WebPartZone1" runat="server">
      <ZoneTemplate>
        <asp:Calendar ID="Calendar1" runat="server"></asp:Calendar>
      </ZoneTemplate>
    </asp:WebPartZone>
    <asp:CatalogZone ID="CatalogZone1" runat="server">
      <ZoneTemplate>
        <asp:DeclarativeCatalogPart ID="DeclarativeCatalogPart1" runat="server">
          <WebPartsTemplate>
            <aspSample:TextDisplayWebPart ID="txtDisplayWebPart1" runat="server"
              Title="Text Display"
              Description="Displays entered text in a label control."
              CatalogIconImageUrl="MyWebPartIcon.gif" 
              />
            <asp:BulletedList 
              ID="BulletedList1"
              Runat="server"
              DisplayMode="HyperLink" 
              Title="Favorite Links"
              CatalogIconImageUrl="MyLinksIcon.gif"
              Description="My Favorite Links">
              <asp:ListItem Value="http://msdn.microsoft.com">
                MSDN
              </asp:ListItem>
              <asp:ListItem Value="http://www.asp.net">
                ASP.NET
              </asp:ListItem>
              <asp:ListItem Value="http://www.msn.com">
                MSN
              </asp:ListItem>
            </asp:BulletedList>
          </WebPartsTemplate>
        </asp:DeclarativeCatalogPart>
      </ZoneTemplate>
    </asp:CatalogZone> 
    <hr />
    <asp:Button ID="Button1" runat="server" 
      Text="List WebPartDescription Info" OnClick="Button1_Click" /> 
    <br />
    <asp:Label ID="Label1" runat="server" Text="" />
    <div>
    </div>
  </form>
</body>
</html>

After you load the page in a browser, use the Display Mode drop-down list control and select Catalog to change the page to catalog display mode. In the catalog, you should see the two controls that are available to be added to the page. Click the List WebPartDescription Information button, and the code writes out the values of all available WebPartDescription objects to the page. This demonstrates that you can retrieve description details for WebPart controls in a catalog without having to create instances of the controls themselves.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.3, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.
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