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WebPart.Zone Property

Gets the WebPartZoneBase zone that currently contains a WebPart control.

Namespace:  System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)

[BrowsableAttribute(false)]
public WebPartZoneBase Zone { get; }

Property Value

Type: System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts.WebPartZoneBase
The WebPartZoneBase that currently contains a Web Parts control on a Web page. If a Web Parts control is currently closed on a page, the return value is null.

In the architecture of the Web Parts control set, controls can have Web Parts functionality only if they operate inside of WebPartZoneBase zones. The standard WebPartZoneBase zone to use on Web pages is the WebPartZone control. Although end users can move Web Parts controls between different zones on a Web page, a given instance of a control can reside in only one zone at a time. A Web Parts control, and its associated WebPartManager control, use the Zone property to keep track of which zone the control currently resides in, and what common layout and style characteristics of the zone apply to all contained Web Parts controls.

The following code example demonstrates how to access the Zone and ZoneIndex properties for a custom Web Parts control. This example assumes the use of a custom control, TextDisplayWebPart, created in the Example section of the WebPart class overview.

The code example includes a custom user control that enables users to change display modes on a Web Parts page. The user control is referenced by means of a Register directive near the top of the Web page that hosts the user control. For a detailed description of how to create this user control and work with display modes, see Walkthrough: Developing and Using a Custom Web Server Control.

<%@ control language="C#" classname="DisplayModeMenuCS"%>
<script runat="server">

 // Use a field to reference the current WebPartManager.
  WebPartManager _manager;

  void Page_Init(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    Page.InitComplete += new EventHandler(InitComplete);
  }  

  void InitComplete(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
  {
    _manager = WebPartManager.GetCurrentWebPartManager(Page);

    String browseModeName = WebPartManager.BrowseDisplayMode.Name;

    // Fill the dropdown with the names of supported display modes.
    foreach (WebPartDisplayMode mode in _manager.SupportedDisplayModes)
    {
      String modeName = mode.Name;
      // Make sure a mode is enabled before adding it.
      if (mode.IsEnabled(_manager))
      {
        ListItem item = new ListItem(modeName, modeName);
        DisplayModeDropdown.Items.Add(item);
      }
    }

    // If shared scope is allowed for this user, display the scope-switching
    // UI and select the appropriate radio button for the current user scope.
    if (_manager.Personalization.CanEnterSharedScope)
    {
      Panel2.Visible = true;
      if (_manager.Personalization.Scope == PersonalizationScope.User)
        RadioButton1.Checked = true;
      else
        RadioButton2.Checked = true;
    }

  }

  // Change the page to the selected display mode.
  void DisplayModeDropdown_SelectedIndexChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    String selectedMode = DisplayModeDropdown.SelectedValue;

    WebPartDisplayMode mode = _manager.SupportedDisplayModes[selectedMode];
    if (mode != null)
      _manager.DisplayMode = mode;
  }

  // Set the selected item equal to the current display mode.
  void Page_PreRender(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    ListItemCollection items = DisplayModeDropdown.Items;
    int selectedIndex = 
      items.IndexOf(items.FindByText(_manager.DisplayMode.Name));
    DisplayModeDropdown.SelectedIndex = selectedIndex;
  }

  // Reset all of a user's personalization data for the page.
  protected void LinkButton1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    _manager.Personalization.ResetPersonalizationState();
  }

  // If not in User personalization scope, toggle into it.
  protected void RadioButton1_CheckedChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    if (_manager.Personalization.Scope == PersonalizationScope.Shared)
      _manager.Personalization.ToggleScope();
  }

  // If not in Shared scope, and if user is allowed, toggle the scope.
  protected void RadioButton2_CheckedChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    if (_manager.Personalization.CanEnterSharedScope && 
        _manager.Personalization.Scope == PersonalizationScope.User)
      _manager.Personalization.ToggleScope();
  }
</script>
<div>
  <asp:Panel ID="Panel1" runat="server" 
    Borderwidth="1" 
    Width="230" 
    BackColor="lightgray"
    Font-Names="Verdana, Arial, Sans Serif" >
    <asp:Label ID="Label1" runat="server" 
      Text="&nbsp;Display Mode" 
      Font-Bold="true"
      Font-Size="8"
      Width="120" 
      AssociatedControlID="DisplayModeDropdown"/>
    <asp:DropDownList ID="DisplayModeDropdown" runat="server"  
      AutoPostBack="true" 
      Width="120"
      OnSelectedIndexChanged="DisplayModeDropdown_SelectedIndexChanged" />
    <asp:LinkButton ID="LinkButton1" runat="server"
      Text="Reset User State" 
      ToolTip="Reset the current user's personalization data for the page."
      Font-Size="8" 
      OnClick="LinkButton1_Click" />
    <asp:Panel ID="Panel2" runat="server" 
      GroupingText="Personalization Scope"
      Font-Bold="true"
      Font-Size="8" 
      Visible="false" >
      <asp:RadioButton ID="RadioButton1" runat="server" 
        Text="User" 
        AutoPostBack="true"
        GroupName="Scope" OnCheckedChanged="RadioButton1_CheckedChanged" />
      <asp:RadioButton ID="RadioButton2" runat="server" 
        Text="Shared" 
        AutoPostBack="true"
        GroupName="Scope" 
        OnCheckedChanged="RadioButton2_CheckedChanged" />
    </asp:Panel>
  </asp:Panel>
</div>

The second part of the code example is the Web page. There are two <asp:webpartzone> elements on the page, each representing a Web Parts zone. The first zone contains a standard Calendar control, which acts like a WebPart control at run time because it is in a zone. The second zone contains the TextDisplayWebPart control. When a user clicks the Zone Information button, the Label1 control displays the values of the ZoneIndex property for the control, and the ID property of the zone that currently contains the control.

<%@ page language="C#" %>
<%@ register TagPrefix="uc1" 
  TagName="DisplayModeMenuCS" 
  Src="DisplayModeMenuCS.ascx" %>
<%@ register tagprefix="aspSample" 
  Namespace="Samples.AspNet.CS.Controls" 
  Assembly="TextDisplayWebPartCS"%>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">
  String labelText = @"<p><strong>Text WebPart " +
                     "Zone Information</strong></p>";

  void Button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    // Get the zone for the Web Parts control.
    WebPartZoneBase theZone = textpart1.Zone;
    Label1.Text = labelText +
                  "Zone ID:  " + theZone.ID +
                  @"<br />" +
                  "Zone Index:  " +
                  textpart1.ZoneIndex.ToString();
    // Change the type of button for the verb.
    theZone.VerbButtonType = ButtonType.Button;
  }
</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head id="Head1" runat="server">
    <title>ASP.NET Example</title>
</head>
<body>
  <form id="Form1" runat="server">
    <asp:webpartmanager id="WebPartManager1" runat="server" />
    <uc1:DisplayModeMenuCS ID="DisplayModeMenu1" runat="server" />
    <asp:webpartzone
      id="WebPartZone1"
      runat="server"
      title="Zone 1"
      PartChromeType="TitleAndBorder">
        <parttitlestyle font-bold="true" ForeColor="#3300cc" />
        <partstyle
          borderwidth="1px"   
          borderstyle="Solid"  
          bordercolor="#81AAF2" />
        <zonetemplate>
          <asp:Calendar ID="cal1" Runat="server" />
        </zonetemplate>
    </asp:webpartzone>
    <asp:webpartzone
      id="WebPartZone2"
      runat="server"
      title="Zone 2"
      PartChromeType="TitleAndBorder">
        <parttitlestyle font-bold="true" ForeColor="#3300cc" />
        <partstyle
          borderwidth="1px"   
          borderstyle="Solid"  
          bordercolor="#81AAF2" />
        <zonetemplate>
          <aspSample:textdisplaywebpart 
            id="textpart1" 
            runat="server" 
            Title="Text WebPart" />
        </zonetemplate>
    </asp:webpartzone>
    <asp:Button ID="Button1" 
      Runat="server" 
      Text="Zone Information" 
      OnClick="Button1_Click" />
    <br />
    <asp:Label ID="Label1" runat="server" />
  </form>
</body>
</html>

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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