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PersonalizableAttribute Class

Represents the personalization attribute. This class cannot be inherited.

Namespace:  System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)

'Declaration
<AttributeUsageAttribute(AttributeTargets.Property)> _
<AspNetHostingPermissionAttribute(SecurityAction.LinkDemand, Level := AspNetHostingPermissionLevel.Minimal)> _
Public NotInheritable Class PersonalizableAttribute _
	Inherits Attribute
'Usage
Dim instance As PersonalizableAttribute

ExceptionCondition
[HttpException]

The property is a read-only or write-only public property.

- or -

The property is a private or protected read/write property.

- or -

The property has index parameters.

The personalization attribute, Personalizable, is applied to public control properties that need to persist personalization information. ASP.NET automatically generates the code to persist or retrieve these values from the underlying data store when the control is in a Web Parts zone on a Web Parts page.

The following requirements must be met for a property to be marked as personalizable:

  • The property must be public and must have public get and set accessors.

  • The property must be a read/write property.

  • The property must be without parameters.

  • The property cannot be indexed.

Code is automatically generated to load and save personalization data for properties. Properties that support personalization are determined based on the existence of this attribute on the property and the fact that the property conforms to the constraints listed above.

Note that read-only and write-only properties are not supported for personalization. Applying this attribute to a read-only or write-only property results in an HttpException being thrown. Parameterized properties also throw an HttpException exception.

Individual properties without this attribute are excluded from personalization if no special handling through the IPersonalizable interface is used.

For more information about using attributes, see Web Parts Personalization Overview.

The following code example demonstrates how to use the PersonalizableAttribute class in code. The sample consists of an .aspx page that references a Web Part user control called ColorSelector.ascx. The following code is the .aspx file for the example.

<%@ Page Language="C#"  %>
<%@ Register TagPrefix="uc1" TagName="colorcontrol" Src="ColorSelector.ascx" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
    <title>Untitled Page</title>
</head>

<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
      <div>
        &nbsp;<asp:LoginName ID="LoginName1" runat="server" />
        &nbsp;
        <asp:LoginStatus ID="LoginStatus1" runat="server" LogoutAction="RedirectToLoginPage" />
        &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br />
        <br />
        &nbsp;<asp:WebPartManager ID="WebPartManager1" runat="server">
        </asp:WebPartManager>

    </div>
        <asp:WebPartZone ID="WebPartZone1" runat="server"  Height="200" Width="200">
        <ZoneTemplate>
        <uc1:colorcontrol id="colorcontrol" runat="server" />
        </ZoneTemplate>
        </asp:WebPartZone>        
    </form>
</body>
</html>

The following code is for the ColorSelector.ascx control.

Security noteSecurity Note:

This example has a text box that accepts user input, which is a potential security threat. By default, ASP.NET Web pages validate that user input does not include script or HTML elements. For more information, see Script Exploits Overview.

<%@ Control Language="C#" %>

<script runat="server">
private System.Drawing.Color userchoice;

[Personalizable]
public System.Drawing.Color UserColorChoice
{
   get
   {
     return userchoice;
   }
   set
   {
     userchoice = value;
   }
}

protected void OnRed(object src, EventArgs e)
{
  _color.BackColor = System.Drawing.Color.Red;
  UserColorChoice = System.Drawing.Color.Red;
}

protected void OnGreen(object src, EventArgs e)
{
  _color.BackColor = System.Drawing.Color.Green;
  UserColorChoice = System.Drawing.Color.Green;
}

protected void OnBlue(object src, EventArgs e)
{
  _color.BackColor = System.Drawing.Color.Blue;
  UserColorChoice = System.Drawing.Color.Blue;
}

protected void Page_Init(object src, EventArgs e)
{
  _redButton.Click   += new EventHandler(OnRed);  
  _greenButton.Click += new EventHandler(OnGreen);  
  _blueButton.Click  += new EventHandler(OnBlue);  
}

protected void Page_Load(object src, EventArgs e)
{
  if (!IsPostBack)
  {
          _color.BackColor = UserColorChoice;
  }
}

</script>
<body>
    <div>
        <asp:TextBox ID="_color" runat="server" Height="100" Width="100" />
        <br />
        <asp:button runat="server"  id="_redButton" text="Red"  /> 
        &nbsp;&nbsp;
        <asp:button runat="server"  id="_greenButton" text="Green" />
        &nbsp;&nbsp;
        <asp:button runat="server" id="_blueButton" text="Blue" />
    </div>
</body>

System.Object
  System.Attribute
    System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts.PersonalizableAttribute

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

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