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ObjectDataSource.UpdateParameters Property

Gets the parameters collection that contains the parameters that are used by the method that is specified by the UpdateMethod property.

Namespace: System.Web.UI.WebControls
Assembly: System.Web (in system.web.dll)

public ParameterCollection UpdateParameters { get; }
/** @property */
public ParameterCollection get_UpdateParameters ()

public function get UpdateParameters () : ParameterCollection

Not applicable.

Property Value

A ParameterCollection that contains the parameters used by the method that is specified by the UpdateMethod property.

The names and types of the parameters that are contained in the UpdateParameters collection must match the names and types of the parameters in the UpdateMethod method signature. The parameter names are affected by the OldValuesParameterFormatString property and are case-sensitive. The parameters in the collection depend on the data in the data-bound control, the parameters that are specified declaratively, and the parameters that are added programmatically. For more information, see the "Parameter Merging" section in Update and Parameters with the ObjectDataSource Control.

NoteNote:

If you are not familiar with the Data Access features in ASP.NET 2.0, you should read some of these topics before continuing:

The UpdateParameters property retrieves the UpdateParameters property that is contained by the ObjectDataSourceView object that is associated with the ObjectDataSource control.

For more information about parameter merging, object lifetime, and method resolution, see UpdateMethod.

Security noteSecurity Note:

You should validate any parameter value that you receive from the client. The runtime simply substitutes the parameter value into the UpdateMethod property.

This section contains two code examples. The first code example demonstrates how to use a DropDownList control, TextBox controls, and several ObjectDataSource objects to update data. The second code example shows the EmployeeLogic class that is used in the first code example.

The following code example demonstrates how to use a DropDownList control, TextBox controls, and several ObjectDataSource controls to update data. The DropDownList displays the name of a Northwind employee, while the TextBox controls are used to enter and update address information. Because the UpdateParameters collection contains a ControlParameter that is bound to the selected value of the DropDownList, the button that raises the Update operation is enabled only after an employee is selected.

Security noteSecurity Note:

This example has a text box that accepts user input, which is a potential security threat. By default, ASP.NET Web pages validate that user input does not include script or HTML elements. For more information, see Script Exploits Overview (Visual Studio).

<%@ Register TagPrefix="aspSample" Namespace="Samples.AspNet.CS" Assembly="Samples.AspNet.CS" %>
<%@ Page language="c#" %>
<%@ Import namespace="Samples.AspNet.CS" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

// Add parameters and initialize the user interface
// only if an employee is selected.
private void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
  // Be sure the text boxes are initialized with
  // data from the currently selected employee.
  NorthwindEmployee selectedEmployee = EmployeeLogic.GetEmployee(DropDownList1.SelectedValue);
  if (selectedEmployee != null) {
    AddressBox.Text    = selectedEmployee.Address;
    CityBox.Text       = selectedEmployee.City;
    PostalCodeBox.Text = selectedEmployee.PostalCode;

    Button1.Enabled = true;
  }
  else {
    Button1.Enabled = false;
  }
}

// Press the button to update.
private void Btn_UpdateEmployee (object sender, CommandEventArgs e) {
  ObjectDataSource2.Update();
}
</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head>
    <title>ObjectDataSource - C# Example</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <form id="Form1" method="post" runat="server">

        <!-- The DropDownList is bound to the first ObjectDataSource. -->
        <asp:objectdatasource
          id="ObjectDataSource1"
          runat="server"
          selectmethod="GetAllEmployees"
          typename="Samples.AspNet.CS.EmployeeLogic" />

        <p><asp:dropdownlist
          id="DropDownList1"
          runat="server"
          datasourceid="ObjectDataSource1"
          datatextfield="FullName"
          datavaluefield="EmpID"
          autopostback="True" /></p>

        <!-- The second ObjectDataSource performs the Update. This
             preserves the state of the DropDownList, which otherwise
             would rebind when the DataSourceChanged event is
             raised as a result of an Update operation. -->

        <!-- Security Note: The ObjectDataSource uses a FormParameter,
             Security Note: which does not perform validation of input from the client.
             Security Note: To validate the value of the FormParameter,
             Security Note: handle the Updating event. -->

        <asp:objectdatasource
          id="ObjectDataSource2"
          runat="server"
          updatemethod="UpdateEmployeeWrapper"
          typename="Samples.AspNet.CS.EmployeeLogic">
          <updateparameters>
            <asp:controlparameter name="anID" controlid="DropDownList1" propertyname="SelectedValue" />
            <asp:formparameter name="anAddress" formfield="AddressBox" />
            <asp:formparameter name="aCity" formfield="CityBox" />
            <asp:formparameter name="aPostalCode" formfield="PostalCodeBox" />
          </updateparameters>
        </asp:objectdatasource>

        <p><asp:textbox
          id="AddressBox"
          runat="server" /></p>

        <p><asp:textbox
          id="CityBox"
          runat="server" /></p>

        <p><asp:textbox
          id="PostalCodeBox"
          runat="server" /></p>

        <asp:button
          id="Button1"
          runat="server"
          text="Update Employee"
          oncommand="Btn_UpdateEmployee" />

    </form>
  </body>
</html>

<%@ Register TagPrefix="aspSample" Namespace="Samples.AspNet.JSL" Assembly="Samples.AspNet.JSL" %>
<%@ Page language="VJ#" %>
<%@ Import namespace="Samples.AspNet.JSL" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

// Add parameters and initialize the user interface
// only if an employee is selected.
    private void Page_Load(Object sender, EventArgs e) throws NorthwindDataException
    {
        // Be sure the text boxes are initialized with
        // data from the currently selected employee.
        NorthwindEmployee selectedEmployee =
            EmployeeLogic.GetEmployee(DropDownList1.get_SelectedValue());
        if (selectedEmployee != null) {
            AddressBox.set_Text(selectedEmployee.get_Address());
            CityBox.set_Text(selectedEmployee.get_City());
            PostalCodeBox.set_Text(selectedEmployee.get_PostalCode());
            Button1.set_Enabled(true);
        }
        else {
            Button1.set_Enabled(false);
        }
    } //Page_Load

    // Press the button to update.
    private void Btn_UpdateEmployee(Object sender, CommandEventArgs e)
    {
        ObjectDataSource2.Update();
    } //Btn_UpdateEmployee
</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head>
    <title>ObjectDataSource - VJ# Example</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <form id="Form1" method="post" runat="server">

        <!-- The DropDownList is bound to the first ObjectDataSource. -->
        <asp:objectdatasource
          id="ObjectDataSource1"
          runat="server"
          selectmethod="GetAllEmployees"
          typename="Samples.AspNet.JSL.EmployeeLogic" />

        <p><asp:dropdownlist
          id="DropDownList1"
          runat="server"
          datasourceid="ObjectDataSource1"
          datatextfield="FullName"
          datavaluefield="EmpID"
          autopostback="True" /></p>

        <!-- The second ObjectDataSource performs the Update. This
             preserves the state of the DropDownList, which otherwise
             would rebind when the DataSourceChanged event is
             raised as a result of an Update operation. -->

        <asp:objectdatasource
          id="ObjectDataSource2"
          runat="server"
          updatemethod="UpdateEmployeeWrapper"
          typename="Samples.AspNet.JSL.EmployeeLogic">
          <updateparameters>
            <asp:controlparameter name="anID" controlid="DropDownList1" propertyname="SelectedValue" />
            <asp:formparameter name="anAddress" formfield="AddressBox" />
            <asp:formparameter name="aCity" formfield="CityBox" />
            <asp:formparameter name="aPostalCode" formfield="PostalCodeBox" />
          </updateparameters>
        </asp:objectdatasource>

        <p><asp:textbox
          id="AddressBox"
          runat="server" /></p>

        <p><asp:textbox
          id="CityBox"
          runat="server" /></p>

        <p><asp:textbox
          id="PostalCodeBox"
          runat="server" /></p>

        <asp:button
          id="Button1"
          runat="server"
          text="Update Employee"
          oncommand="Btn_UpdateEmployee" />

    </form>
  </body>
</html>

The following code example shows the EmployeeLogic class that is used in the preceding code example.

namespace Samples.AspNet.CS {

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
  //
  // EmployeeLogic is a stateless business object that encapsulates
  // the operations one can perform on a NorthwindEmployee object.
  //
  public class EmployeeLogic {

    // Returns a collection of NorthwindEmployee objects.
    public static ICollection GetAllEmployees () {
      ArrayList al = new ArrayList();

      // Use the SqlDataSource class to wrap the
      // ADO.NET code required to query the database.
      ConnectionStringSettings cts = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["NorthwindConnection"];

      SqlDataSource sds
        = new SqlDataSource(cts.ConnectionString,
                            "SELECT EmployeeID FROM Employees");
      try {
        IEnumerable IDs = sds.Select(DataSourceSelectArguments.Empty);

        // Iterate through the Enumeration and create a
        // NorthwindEmployee object for each ID.
        IEnumerator enumerator = IDs.GetEnumerator();
        while (enumerator.MoveNext()) {
          // The IEnumerable contains DataRowView objects.
          DataRowView row = enumerator.Current as DataRowView;
          string id = row["EmployeeID"].ToString();
          NorthwindEmployee nwe = new NorthwindEmployee(id);
          // Add the NorthwindEmployee object to the collection.
          al.Add(nwe);
        }
      }
      finally {
        // If anything strange happens, clean up.
        sds.Dispose();
      }

      return al;
    }

    public static NorthwindEmployee GetEmployee(object anID) {
      ArrayList al = GetAllEmployees() as ArrayList;
      IEnumerator enumerator = al.GetEnumerator();
      while (enumerator.MoveNext()) {
        // The IEnumerable contains initialized NorthwindEmployee objects.
        NorthwindEmployee ne = enumerator.Current as NorthwindEmployee;
        if (ne.EmpID.Equals(anID.ToString())) {
          return ne;
        }
      }
      return null;
    }
    public static void UpdateEmployee(NorthwindEmployee ne) {
      bool retval = ne.Update();
      if (! retval) { throw new NorthwindDataException("Employee update failed."); }
    }

    // This method is added as a conveniece wrapper on the original
    // implementation.
    public static void UpdateEmployeeWrapper(string anID,
                                             string anAddress,
                                             string aCity,
                                             string aPostalCode) {
      NorthwindEmployee ne = new NorthwindEmployee(anID);
      ne.Address = anAddress;
      ne.City = aCity;
      ne.PostalCode = aPostalCode;
      UpdateEmployee(ne);
    }

    // And so on...
  }

  public class NorthwindEmployee {

    public NorthwindEmployee (object anID) {
      this.ID = anID;

      ConnectionStringSettings cts = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["NorthwindConnection"];
      SqlConnection conn = new SqlConnection (cts.ConnectionString);
      SqlCommand sc =
        new SqlCommand(" SELECT FirstName,LastName,Address,City,PostalCode " +
                       " FROM Employees " +
                       " WHERE EmployeeID = @empId",
                       conn);
      // Add the employee ID parameter and set its value.
      sc.Parameters.Add(new SqlParameter("@empId",SqlDbType.Int)).Value = Int32.Parse(anID.ToString());
      SqlDataReader sdr = null;

      try {
        conn.Open();
        sdr = sc.ExecuteReader();

        // This is not a while loop. It only loops once.
        if (sdr != null && sdr.Read()) {
          // The IEnumerable contains DataRowView objects.
          this.firstName       = sdr["FirstName"].ToString();
          this.lastName        = sdr["LastName"].ToString();
          this.address         = sdr["Address"].ToString();
          this.city            = sdr["City"].ToString();
          this.postalCode      = sdr["PostalCode"].ToString();
        }
        else {
          throw new NorthwindDataException("Data not loaded for employee id.");
        }
      }
      finally {
        try {
          if (sdr != null) sdr.Close();
          conn.Close();
        }
        catch (SqlException) {
          // Log an event in the Application Event Log.
          throw;
        }
      }
    }

    private object ID;
    public object EmpID {
      get { return ID; }
    }

    private string lastName;
    public string LastName {
      set { lastName = value; }
    }

    private string firstName;
    public string FirstName {
      set { firstName = value;  }
    }

    public string FullName {
      get { return firstName + " " + lastName; }
    }

    private string address;
    public string Address {
      get { return address; }
      set { address = value;  }
    }

    private string city;
    public string City {
      get { return city; }
      set { city = value;  }
    }

    private string postalCode;
    public string PostalCode {
      get { return postalCode; }
      set { postalCode = value;  }
    }

    public bool Update () {

      // Implement Update logic.

      return true;
    }
  }

  internal class NorthwindDataException: Exception {
    public NorthwindDataException(string msg) : base (msg) { }
  }
}

package Samples.AspNet.JSL; 

import System.*;
import System.Collections.*;
import System.Configuration.*;
import System.Data.*;
import System.Data.SqlClient.*;
import System.Web.UI.*;
import System.Web.UI.WebControls.*;
   
//
// EmployeeLogic is a stateless business object that encapsulates
// the operations one can perform on a NorthwindEmployee object.
//
public class EmployeeLogic
{
    // Returns a collection of NorthwindEmployee objects.
    public static ICollection GetAllEmployees() throws NorthwindDataException
    {
        ArrayList al = new ArrayList();
        // Use the SqlDataSource class to wrap the
        // ADO.NET code required to query the database.
        ConnectionStringSettings cts =
            ConfigurationManager.get_ConnectionStrings().
            get_Item("NorthwindConnection");

        SqlDataSource sds = new SqlDataSource(cts.get_ConnectionString(),
            "SELECT EmployeeID FROM Employees");
        try {
            IEnumerable ids = sds.Select(DataSourceSelectArguments.get_Empty());
            // Iterate through the Enumeration and create a
            // NorthwindEmployee object for each ID.
            IEnumerator enumerator = ids.GetEnumerator();
            while (enumerator.MoveNext()) {
                // The IEnumerable contains DataRowView objects.
                DataRowView row = (DataRowView)enumerator.get_Current();
                String idObj = row.get_Item("EmployeeID").ToString();
                NorthwindEmployee nwe = new NorthwindEmployee(idObj);
                // Add the NorthwindEmployee object to the collection.
                al.Add(nwe);
            }
        }
        finally {
            // If anything strange happens, clean up.
            sds.Dispose();
        }
        return al;
    } //GetAllEmployees

    public static NorthwindEmployee GetEmployee(Object anID)
        throws NorthwindDataException
    {
        ArrayList al = (ArrayList)GetAllEmployees();
        IEnumerator enumerator = al.GetEnumerator();
        while (enumerator.MoveNext()) {
            // The IEnumerable contains initialized NorthwindEmployee objects.
            NorthwindEmployee ne = (NorthwindEmployee)enumerator.get_Current();
            if (ne.get_EmpID().Equals(anID.ToString())) {
                return ne;
            }
        }
        return null;
    } //GetEmployee

    public static void UpdateEmployee(NorthwindEmployee ne)
        throws NorthwindDataException
    {
        boolean retVal = ne.Update();
        if (!(retVal)) {
            throw new NorthwindDataException("Employee update failed.");
        }
    } //UpdateEmployee

    // This method is added as a conveniece wrapper on the original
    // implementation.
    public static void UpdateEmployeeWrapper(String anID, String anAddress,
        String aCity, String aPostalCode) throws NorthwindDataException
    {
        NorthwindEmployee ne = new NorthwindEmployee(anID);
        ne.set_Address(anAddress);
        ne.set_City(aCity);
        ne.set_PostalCode(aPostalCode);
        UpdateEmployee(ne);
    } //UpdateEmployeeWrapper
    // And so on...
} //EmployeeLogic

public class NorthwindEmployee
{
    public NorthwindEmployee(Object anID) throws NorthwindDataException
    {
        this.id = anID;

        ConnectionStringSettings cts =
			ConfigurationManager.get_ConnectionStrings().
            get_Item("NorthwindConnection");
        SqlConnection conn = new SqlConnection(cts.get_ConnectionString());
        SqlCommand sc = new SqlCommand(" SELECT FirstName,LastName,Address,"
            + "City,PostalCode " + " FROM Employees "
            + " WHERE EmployeeID = @empId", conn);
        // Add the employee ID parameter and set its value.
        sc.get_Parameters().Add(new SqlParameter("@empId", SqlDbType.Int)).
            set_Value(anID.ToString());
        SqlDataReader sdr = null;

        try {
            conn.Open();
            sdr = sc.ExecuteReader();
            // This is not a while loop. It only loops once.
            if (sdr != null && sdr.Read()) {
                // The IEnumerable contains DataRowView objects.
                this.firstName = sdr.get_Item("FirstName").ToString();
                this.lastName = sdr.get_Item("LastName").ToString();
                this.address = sdr.get_Item("Address").ToString();
                this.city = sdr.get_Item("City").ToString();
                this.postalCode = sdr.get_Item("PostalCode").ToString();
            }
            else {
                throw new NorthwindDataException("Data not loaded for"
                    + " employee id.");
            }
        }
        finally {
            try {
                if (sdr != null) {
                    sdr.Close();
                }
                conn.Close();
            }
            catch (SqlException exp) {
                // Log an event in the Application Event Log.                  
            }
        }
    } //NorthwindEmployee

    private Object id;

    /** @property 
     */
    public Object get_EmpID()
    {
        return id;
    } //get_EmpID

    private String lastName;

    /** @property 
     */
    public void set_LastName(String value)
    {
        lastName = value;
    } //set_LastName

    private String firstName;

    /** @property 
     */
    public void set_FirstName(String value)
    {
        firstName = value;
    } //set_FirstName

    /** @property 
     */
    public String get_FullName()
    {
        return firstName + " " + lastName;
    } //get_FullName

    private String address;

    /** @property 
     */
    public String get_Address()
    {
        return address;
    } //get_Address

    /** @property 
     */
    public void set_Address(String value)
    {
        address = value;
    } //set_Address

    private String city;

    /** @property
     */
    public String get_City()
    {
        return city;
    } //get_City

    /** @property
     */
    public void set_City(String value)
    {
        city = value;
    } //set_City

    private String postalCode;

    /** @property 
     */
    public String get_PostalCode()
    {
        return postalCode;
    } //get_PostalCode

    /** @property 
     */
    public void set_PostalCode(String value)
    {
        postalCode = value;
    } //set_PostalCode

    public boolean Update()
    {
        // Implement Update logic.
        return true;
    } //Update
} //NorthwindEmployee

public class NorthwindDataException extends Exception
{
    public NorthwindDataException(String msg)
    {
         super(msg);
    } //NorthwindDataException
} //NorthwindDataException

Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0

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