Export (0) Print
Expand All
1 out of 1 rated this helpful - Rate this topic

ObjectDataSource.Deleting Event

Occurs before a Delete operation.

Namespace: System.Web.UI.WebControls
Assembly: System.Web (in system.web.dll)

public event ObjectDataSourceMethodEventHandler Deleting
/** @event */
public void add_Deleting (ObjectDataSourceMethodEventHandler value)

/** @event */
public void remove_Deleting (ObjectDataSourceMethodEventHandler value)

In JScript, you can handle the events defined by a class, but you cannot define your own.
Not applicable.

Handle the Deleting event to perform additional initialization that is specific to your application, to validate the values of parameters, or to change the parameter values before the ObjectDataSource control performs the delete operation. The parameters are available as an IDictionary collection that is accessed by the InputParameters property, which is exposed by the ObjectDataSourceMethodEventArgs object.

NoteNote:

If you are not familiar with the Data Access features in ASP.NET 2.0, you should read some of these topics before continuing:

You can cancel the delete operation by setting the Cancel property of the ObjectDataSourceMethodEventArgs to true.

For more information about handling events, see Consuming Events.

This section contains two code examples. The first code example demonstrates how to use an ObjectDataSource object with a business object and a GridView control to delete data. The second code example shows the EmployeeLogic class that is used in the first code example.

The following code example demonstrates how to use an ObjectDataSource control with a business object and a GridView control to delete data. Initially, the GridView control displays a set of all employees, using the method that is specified by the SelectMethod property to retrieve the data from the EmployeeLogic object. Because the AutoGenerateDeleteButton property is set to true, the GridView control automatically displays a Delete button.

If you click the Delete button, the delete operation is performed using the method that is specified by the DeleteMethod property and any parameters that are specified in the DeleteParameters collection. In this code example, some preprocessing and post-processing steps are also performed. The NorthwindEmployeeDeleting delegate is called to handle the Deleting event before the operation is performed, and the NorthwindEmployeeDeleted delegate is called to handle the Deleted event after the operation has completed to perform exception handling. In this code example, if a NorthwindDataException is thrown, it is handled by the NorthwindEmployeeDeleted method.

<%@ Register TagPrefix="aspSample" Namespace="Samples.AspNet.CS" Assembly="Samples.AspNet.CS" %>
<%@ Import namespace="Samples.AspNet.CS" %>
<%@ Page language="c#" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">
private void NorthwindEmployeeDeleting(object source, ObjectDataSourceMethodEventArgs e)
{
  // The GridView passes the ID of the employee
  // to be deleted. However, the buisiness object, EmployeeLogic,
  // requires a NorthwindEmployee parameter, named "ne". Create
  // it now and add it to the parameters collection.
  IDictionary paramsFromPage = e.InputParameters;
  if (paramsFromPage["EmpID"] != null) {
    NorthwindEmployee ne
      = new NorthwindEmployee( Int32.Parse(paramsFromPage["EmpID"].ToString()));
    // Remove the old EmpID parameter.
    paramsFromPage.Clear();
    paramsFromPage.Add("ne", ne);
  }
}

private void NorthwindEmployeeDeleted(object source, ObjectDataSourceStatusEventArgs e)
{
  // Handle the Exception if it is a NorthwindDataException
  if (e.Exception != null)
  {

    // Handle the specific exception type. The ObjectDataSource wraps
    // any Exceptions in a TargetInvokationException wrapper, so
    // check the InnerException property for expected Exception types.
    if (e.Exception.InnerException is NorthwindDataException)
    {
      Label1.Text = e.Exception.InnerException.Message;
      // Because the exception is handled, there is
      // no reason to throw it.
      e.ExceptionHandled = true;
    }
  }
}

</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head>
    <title>ObjectDataSource - C# Example</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <form id="Form1" method="post" runat="server">

        <asp:gridview
          id="GridView1"
          runat="server"
          datasourceid="ObjectDataSource1"
          autogeneratedeletebutton="true"
          autogeneratecolumns="false"
          datakeynames="EmpID">
          <columns>
            <asp:boundfield headertext="EmpID" datafield="EmpID" />
            <asp:boundfield headertext="First Name" datafield="FirstName" />
            <asp:boundfield headertext="Last Name" datafield="LastName" />
          </columns>
        </asp:gridview>

        <asp:objectdatasource
          id="ObjectDataSource1"
          runat="server"
          selectmethod="GetAllEmployees"
          deletemethod="DeleteEmployee"
          ondeleting="NorthwindEmployeeDeleting"
          ondeleted="NorthwindEmployeeDeleted"
          typename="Samples.AspNet.CS.EmployeeLogic">
          <deleteparameters>
            <asp:parameter name="EmpID" type="Int32" />
          </deleteparameters>
        </asp:objectdatasource>

        <asp:label id="Label1" runat="server" />

    </form>
  </body>
</html>

The following code example shows the EmployeeLogic class that is used in the preceding code example.

namespace Samples.AspNet.CS {

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
  //
  // EmployeeLogic is a stateless business object that encapsulates
  // the operations you can perform on a NorthwindEmployee object.
  //
  public class EmployeeLogic {

    // Returns a collection of NorthwindEmployee objects.
    public static ICollection GetAllEmployees () {
      ArrayList al = new ArrayList();

      // Use the SqlDataSource class to wrap the
      // ADO.NET code required to query the database.
      ConnectionStringSettings cts = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["NorthwindConnection"];

      SqlDataSource sds
        = new SqlDataSource(cts.ConnectionString,
                            "SELECT EmployeeID FROM Employees");
      try {
        IEnumerable IDs = sds.Select(DataSourceSelectArguments.Empty);

        // Iterate through the Enumeration and create a
        // NorthwindEmployee object for each ID.
        IEnumerator enumerator = IDs.GetEnumerator();
        while (enumerator.MoveNext()) {
          // The IEnumerable contains DataRowView objects.
          DataRowView row = enumerator.Current as DataRowView;
          string id = row["EmployeeID"].ToString();
          NorthwindEmployee nwe = new NorthwindEmployee(id);
          // Add the NorthwindEmployee object to the collection.
          al.Add(nwe);
        }
      }
      finally {
        // If anything strange happens, clean up.
        sds.Dispose();
      }

      return al;
    }

    public static NorthwindEmployee GetEmployee(object anID) {
      return new NorthwindEmployee(anID);
    }

    public static void DeleteEmployee(NorthwindEmployee ne) {
      bool retval = ne.Delete();
      if (! retval) { throw new NorthwindDataException("Employee delete failed."); }
      // Delete the object in memory.
      ne = null;
    }

    public static void DeleteEmployeeByID(int anID) {
        NorthwindEmployee tempEmp = new NorthwindEmployee(anID);
        DeleteEmployee(tempEmp);
    }
  }

  public class NorthwindEmployee {

    public NorthwindEmployee () {
      ID = DBNull.Value;
      lastName = "";
      firstName = "";
    }

    public NorthwindEmployee (object anID) {
      this.ID = anID;

      ConnectionStringSettings cts = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["NorthwindConnection"];

      SqlConnection conn = new SqlConnection (cts.ConnectionString);
      SqlCommand sc =
        new SqlCommand(" SELECT FirstName,LastName " +
                       " FROM Employees " +
                       " WHERE EmployeeID = @empId",
                       conn);
      // Add the employee ID parameter and set its value.
      sc.Parameters.Add(new SqlParameter("@empId",SqlDbType.Int)).Value = Int32.Parse(anID.ToString());
      SqlDataReader sdr = null;

      try {
        conn.Open();
        sdr = sc.ExecuteReader();

        // This is not a while loop. It only loops once.
        if (sdr != null && sdr.Read()) {
          // The IEnumerable contains DataRowView objects.
          this.firstName        = sdr["FirstName"].ToString();
          this.lastName         = sdr["LastName"].ToString();
        }
        else {
          throw new NorthwindDataException("Data not loaded for employee id.");
        }
      }
      finally {
        try {
          if (sdr != null) sdr.Close();
          conn.Close();
        }
        catch (SqlException) {
          // Log an event in the Application Event Log.
          throw;
        }
      }
    }

    private object ID;
    public object EmpID {
      get { return ID; }
    }

    private string lastName;
    public string LastName {
      get { return lastName; }
      set { lastName = value; }
    }

    private string firstName;
    public string FirstName {
      get { return firstName; }
      set { firstName = value;  }
    }
    public bool Delete () {
      if (ID.Equals(DBNull.Value)) {
        // The Employee object is not persisted.
        return true;
      }
      else {
        // The Employee object is persisted.
        // Use the SqlDataSource control as a convenient wrapper for
        // the ADO.NET code needed to delete a record from the database.
        ConnectionStringSettings cts = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["NorthwindConnection"];
        SqlDataSource sds = new SqlDataSource();

        try {
          sds.ConnectionString = cts.ConnectionString;
          sds.DeleteCommand = "DELETE FROM Employees WHERE EmployeeID=@empID";
          sds.DeleteParameters.Add(new Parameter("empID",TypeCode.Int32,this.ID.ToString()));

          //
          // Implement the remainder of the Delete() method.
          //
          throw new NorthwindDataException("Delete() method not completely implemented.");
        }
        finally {
          // Clean up resources.
          sds.Dispose();
        }
      }
    }
  }

  public class NorthwindDataException: Exception {
    public NorthwindDataException(string msg) : base (msg) { }
  }
}

Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0
Did you find this helpful?
(1500 characters remaining)
Thank you for your feedback

Community Additions

ADD
Show:
© 2014 Microsoft. All rights reserved.