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ListView.SelectedValue Property

Gets the data-key value of the selected item in a ListView control.

Namespace:  System.Web.UI.WebControls
Assembly:  System.Web.Extensions (in System.Web.Extensions.dll)

[BrowsableAttribute(false)]
public Object SelectedValue { get; }

Property Value

Type: System.Object
The data-key value of the selected item in a ListView control.

The DataKeyNames property can be set to a comma-separated list of field names that represent the primary key of the data source. If it is set, the ListView control automatically creates a DataKey object for each item in the control by using the value or values of the specified field or fields. The DataKey objects are then added to the control's DataKeys collection.

Normally, the DataKeys property is used to get the DataKey object for a specific data item in the ListView control. However, if you want to get only the DataKey object of the currently selected item, you can use the SelectedDataKey property as a shortcut. You can also directly determine the data-key value of the first key field of the selected item by using the SelectedValue property.

If you are creating a ControlParameter object and want to access a key field other than the first field, use the SelectedDataKey property. For an example, see the SelectedDataKey property.

The following example shows how to use the first key field as a parameter in a master/detail scenario. When an item is selected in the ListView control, the SelectedValue property is used as the PropertyName for the ControlParameter object. This parameter object is in turn used by the SqlDataSource control that the second ListView control is bound to.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" 
  "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<script runat="server">
  protected void CategoriesListView_OnItemDeleting(object sender, ListViewDeleteEventArgs e)
  {
    if (SubCategoriesGridView.Rows.Count > 0)
    {
      MessageLabel.Text = "You cannot delete a category that has sub-categories.";
      e.Cancel = true;
    }
  }

  protected void Page_Load()
  {
    MessageLabel.Text = String.Empty;
  }
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head id="Head1" runat="server">
    <title>Subcategories List</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
      <b>Categories</b>
      <br />

      <asp:Label ForeColor="Red" runat="server" ID="MessageLabel" /><br />

      <asp:ListView runat="server" 
        ID="CategoriesListView"
        OnItemDeleting="CategoriesListView_OnItemDeleting"
        DataSourceID="CategoriesDataSource" 
        DataKeyNames="ProductCategoryID">
        <LayoutTemplate>
          <table runat="server" id="tblCategories" 
                 cellspacing="0" cellpadding="1" width="440px" border="1">
            <tr id="itemPlaceholder" runat="server"></tr>
          </table>
        </LayoutTemplate>
        <ItemTemplate>
          <tr runat="server">
            <td>
              <asp:Label runat="server" ID="NameLabel" Text='<%#Eval("Name") %>' />
            </td>
            <td style="width:40px">
              <asp:LinkButton runat="server" ID="SelectCategoryButton" 
                Text="Select" CommandName="Select" />
            </td>
          </tr>
        </ItemTemplate>
        <SelectedItemTemplate>
          <tr runat="server" style="background-color:#90EE90">
            <td>
              <asp:Label runat="server" ID="NameLabel" Text='<%#Eval("Name") %>' />
            </td>
            <td style="width:40px">
              <asp:LinkButton runat="server" ID="SelectCategoryButton" 
                Text="Delete" CommandName="Delete" />
            </td>
          </tr>
        </SelectedItemTemplate>
      </asp:ListView>

      <br />

      <b>Subcategories</b>
      <asp:GridView runat="server" ID="SubCategoriesGridView" Width="300px"
           DataSourceID="SubCategoriesDataSource" DataKeyNames="ProductSubcategoryID" 
           AutoGenerateColumns="True" />

      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects      -->
      <!-- to the AdventureWorks sample database. Use an ASP.NET    -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value       -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                                -->
      <asp:SqlDataSource ID="CategoriesDataSource" runat="server" 
        ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:AdventureWorks_DataConnectionString %>"
        SelectCommand="SELECT [ProductCategoryID], [Name]
                       FROM Production.ProductCategory">
      </asp:SqlDataSource>
      <asp:SqlDataSource ID="SubCategoriesDataSource" runat="server" 
        ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:AdventureWorks_DataConnectionString %>"
        SelectCommand="SELECT [ProductSubcategoryID], [Name]
                       FROM Production.ProductSubcategory
                       WHERE ProductCategoryID = @ProductCategoryID
                       ORDER BY [Name]">
          <SelectParameters>
            <asp:ControlParameter Name="ProductCategoryID" DefaultValue="0"
                 ControlID="CategoriesListView" PropertyName="SelectedValue"  />
          </SelectParameters>
      </asp:SqlDataSource>
    </form>
  </body>
</html>


The following example shows how to use the SelectedValue property to determine the value of the key field.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" 
  "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<script runat="server">

  protected void DepartmentsListView_SelectedIndexChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    MessageLabel.Text = "The key value is " + 
      DepartmentsListView.SelectedValue.ToString() + ".";
  }

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head id="Head1" runat="server">
    <title>ListView SelectedValue Example</title>
    <style type="text/css">
      .header
      {
        border: 1px solid #008080;
        background-color: #008080;
        color: White;
      }
      .item td { border: 1px solid #008080; }
      .selection td  
      {
        border: 1px solid #008080; 
        background-color: #7FFF00;
      }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>ListView SelectedValue Example</h3>

      <asp:ListView runat="server" 
        ID="DepartmentsListView"
        DataSourceID="DepartmentDataSource" 
        DataKeyNames="DepartmentID" 
        OnSelectedIndexChanged="DepartmentsListView_SelectedIndexChanged">
        <LayoutTemplate>
          <b>Department List</b>
          <br />
          <table width="500px" runat="server" id="tblDepartments">
            <tr class="header" runat="server">
              <th runat="server">&nbsp;</th>
              <th runat="server">Department Name</th>
              <th runat="server">Group Name</th>
            </tr>
            <tr runat="server" id="itemPlaceholder" />
          </table>
        </LayoutTemplate>
        <ItemTemplate>
          <tr class="item" runat="server">
            <td>
              <asp:LinkButton runat="server" 
                ID="SelectButton" 
                Text="Select"
                CommandName="Select" />
            </td>
            <td>
              <asp:Label runat="server" ID="NameLabel" Text='<%#Eval("Name") %>' />
            </td>
            <td>
              <asp:Label runat="server" ID="GroupNameLabel" Text='<%#Eval("GroupName") %>' />
            </td>
          </tr>
        </ItemTemplate>
        <SelectedItemTemplate>
          <tr class="selection" runat="server">
            <td>&nbsp;</td>
            <td>
              <asp:Label runat="server" ID="NameLabel" Text='<%#Eval("Name") %>' />
            </td>
            <td>
              <asp:Label runat="server" ID="GroupNameLabel" Text='<%#Eval("GroupName") %>' />
            </td>
          </tr>
        </SelectedItemTemplate>
      </asp:ListView>
      <br/>

      <asp:Label ID="MessageLabel"
        ForeColor="Red"
        runat="server"/>

      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects      -->
      <!-- to the AdventureWorks sample database. Use an ASP.NET    -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value       -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                                -->
      <asp:SqlDataSource ID="DepartmentDataSource" runat="server" 
        ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:AdventureWorks_DataConnectionString %>"
        SelectCommand="SELECT DepartmentID, Name, GroupName 
          FROM HumanResources.Department">
      </asp:SqlDataSource>

    </form>
  </body>
</html>


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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