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GridView.PageIndexChanging Event

Occurs when one of the pager buttons is clicked, but before the GridView control handles the paging operation.

Namespace:  System.Web.UI.WebControls
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)

public event GridViewPageEventHandler PageIndexChanging
<asp:GridView OnPageIndexChanging="GridViewPageEventHandler" />

The PageIndexChanging event is raised when one of the pager buttons is clicked, but before the GridView control handles the paging operation. This enables you to provide an event-handling method that performs a custom routine, such as canceling the paging operation, whenever this event occurs.

NoteNote

This event is not raised when you programmatically set the PageIndex property.

A GridViewPageEventArgs object is passed to the event-handling method, which enables you to determine the index of the page selected by the user and to indicate that the paging operation should be canceled. To cancel the paging operation, set the Cancel property of the GridViewPageEventArgs object to true.

For more information about handling events, see Consuming Events.

The following example demonstrates how to use the PageIndexChanging event to cancel the paging operation if the user attempts to navigate to another page when a GridView control is in edit mode.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  void CustomersGridView_PageIndexChanging(Object sender, GridViewPageEventArgs e)
  {

    // Cancel the paging operation if the user attempts to navigate
    // to another page while the GridView control is in edit mode. 
    if (CustomersGridView.EditIndex != -1)
    {
      // Use the Cancel property to cancel the paging operation.
      e.Cancel = true;

      // Display an error message.
      int newPageNumber = e.NewPageIndex + 1;
      Message.Text = "Please update the record before moving to page " +
        newPageNumber.ToString() + ".";
    }
    else
    {
      // Clear the error message.
      Message.Text = "";
    }

  }

  void CustomersGridView_RowCancelingEdit(Object sender, GridViewCancelEditEventArgs e)
  {
    // Clear the error message.
    Message.Text = "";
  }

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>GridView PageIndexChanging Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>GridView PageIndexChanging Example</h3>

      <asp:label id="Message"
        forecolor="Red"
        runat="server"/>

      <br/>  

      <asp:gridview id="CustomersGridView" 
        datasourceid="CustomersSource" 
        autogeneratecolumns="true"
        emptydatatext="No data available." 
        allowpaging="true"
        autogenerateeditbutton="true"
        datakeynames="CustomerID"  
        onpageindexchanging="CustomersGridView_PageIndexChanging"
        onrowcancelingedit="CustomersGridView_RowCancelingEdit" 
        runat="server">

        <pagersettings mode="Numeric"
          position="Bottom"           
          pagebuttoncount="10"/>

        <pagerstyle backcolor="LightBlue"/>

      </asp:gridview>

      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="CustomersSource"
        selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
        updatecommand="Update Customers SET CompanyName=@CompanyName, Address=@Address, City=@City, PostalCode=@PostalCode, Country=@Country WHERE (CustomerID = @CustomerID)"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>

    </form>
  </body>
</html>

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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