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GridView.OnRowCreated Method

Raises the RowCreated event.

Namespace:  System.Web.UI.WebControls
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)

protected virtual void OnRowCreated(
	GridViewRowEventArgs e
)

Parameters

e
Type: System.Web.UI.WebControls.GridViewRowEventArgs

A GridViewRowEventArgs that contains event data.

Before the GridView control can be rendered, a GridViewRow object must be created for each row in the control. The RowCreated event is raised when each row in the GridView control is created. This enables you to provide an event-handling method that performs a custom routine, such as adding custom content to a row, whenever this event occurs.

Raising an event invokes the event handler through a delegate. For more information, see Raising an Event.

The OnRowCreated method also allows derived classes to handle the event without attaching a delegate. This is the preferred technique for handling the event in a derived class.

Notes to Inheritors

When overriding OnRowCreated in a derived class, be sure to call the base class's OnRowCreated method so that registered delegates receive the event.

The following example demonstrates how provide an event-handling method for the RowCreated event. When a row is being created, its index is stored in the CommandArgument property of a LinkButton control that is contained in the new row. This enables you to determine the index of the row when the user clicks the command button.

<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  void ProductsGridView_RowCommand(Object sender, GridViewCommandEventArgs e)
  {
    // If multiple buttons are used in a GridView control, use the
    // CommandName property to determine which button was clicked.
    if(e.CommandName=="Add")
    {
      // Convert the row index stored in the CommandArgument
      // property to an Integer.
      int index = Convert.ToInt32(e.CommandArgument);

      // Retrieve the row that contains the button clicked 
      // by the user from the Rows collection.
      GridViewRow row = ProductsGridView.Rows[index];

      // Create a new ListItem object for the product in the row.     
      ListItem item = new ListItem();
      item.Text = Server.HtmlDecode(row.Cells[1].Text);

      // If the product is not already in the ListBox, add the ListItem 
      // object to the Items collection of the ListBox control. 
      if (!ProductsListBox.Items.Contains(item))
      {
        ProductsListBox.Items.Add(item);
      }
    }
  }

  void ProductsGridView_RowCreated(Object sender, GridViewRowEventArgs e)
  {

    // The GridViewCommandEventArgs class does not contain a 
    // property that indicates which row's command button was
    // clicked. To identify which row's button was clicked, use 
    // the button's CommandArgument property by setting it to the 
    // row's index.
    if(e.Row.RowType == DataControlRowType.DataRow)
    {
      // Retrieve the LinkButton control from the first column.
      LinkButton addButton = (LinkButton)e.Row.FindControl("AddButton");

      // Set the LinkButton's CommandArgument property with the
      // row's index.
      addButton.CommandArgument = e.Row.RowIndex.ToString();
    }

  }

</script>

<html>
  <head id="Head1" runat="server">
    <title>GridView RowCreated Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>GridView RowCreated Example</h3>

      <table width="100%">         
        <tr>                
          <td style="width:50%">

            <asp:GridView ID="ProductsGridView" 
              DataSourceID="ProductsDataSource"
              AllowPaging="true" 
              AutoGenerateColumns="false"
              OnRowCommand="ProductsGridView_RowCommand"
              OnRowCreated="ProductsGridView_RowCreated"  
              runat="server">
              <Columns>
                <asp:TemplateField>
                  <ItemTemplate>
                    <asp:LinkButton runat="server"
                      ID="AddButton"
                      CommandName="Add"
                      Text="Add" />
                  </ItemTemplate>
                </asp:TemplateField>
                <asp:BoundField DataField="Name" 
                  HeaderText="Product Name"/> 
                <asp:BoundField DataField="ProductNumber" 
                  HeaderText="Product Number"/>
              </Columns>

            </asp:GridView>

          </td>

          <td style="vertical-align:top; width:50%">

            Products: <br/>
            <asp:listbox id="ProductsListBox"
              runat="server" Height="200px" Width="200px"/> 

          </td>
        </tr>
      </table>

      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects    -->
      <!-- to the AdventureWorks sample database. Use an ASP.NET  -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value     -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                              -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="ProductsDataSource"
        selectcommand="Select [Name], [ProductNumber] From Production.Product"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:AdventureWorks_DataConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>

    </form>
  </body>
</html>

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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