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FormViewUpdatedEventArgs.OldValues Property

Gets a dictionary that contains the original non-key field name/value pairs for the updated record.

Namespace:  System.Web.UI.WebControls
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)

public IOrderedDictionary OldValues { get; }

Property Value

Type: System.Collections.Specialized.IOrderedDictionary
An IOrderedDictionary that contains a dictionary of the original field name/value pairs for the updated record.

Use the OldValues property to access the original non-key field values for the updated record. For example, you can use these values to keep a log of updated records. A data source control that supports conflict detection (optimistic concurrency checking), such as the SqlDataSource and ObjectDataSource controls, with its ConflictDetection property set to the ConflictOptions.CompareAllValues also compares these original values against the record in the database before an update operation is performed. If a record has been modified by another user concurrently, the record is not updated.

NoteNote:

The OldValues property does not contain key fields. If you allow the user to update the values of the key fields, the original key field values are stored in the Keys property. The updated values are stored in the NewValues property.

The NewValues property returns an OrderedDictionary object that implements the System.Collections.Specialized.IOrderedDictionary interface. The OrderedDictionary object contains System.Collections.DictionaryEntry objects that represent the fields of the updated record. To access the field names, use the Keys property of the OrderedDictionary object. Similarly, you can access the field values by using the Values property.

NoteNote:

As a shortcut, you can also use the indexer of the OrderedDictionary object to access the field values directly. Data source controls that rely on the field order (such as AccessDataSource) can access field values only by index.

The following example demonstrates how to use the OldValues property to access the original values of the non-key fields for the updated record.

<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" 
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  void EmployeeFormView_ItemUpdated(Object sender, FormViewUpdatedEventArgs e)
  {
    // Use the Exception property to determine whether an exception 
    // occurred during the update operation. 
    if (e.Exception == null)
    {
      // Sometimes an error might occur that does not raise an  
      // exception, but prevents the update operation from  
      // completing. Use the AffectedRows property to determine  
      // whether the record was actually updated.  
      if (e.AffectedRows == 1)
      {
        // Use the Keys property to get the value of the key field.
        String keyFieldValue = e.Keys["EmployeeID"].ToString();

        // Display a confirmation message.
        MessageLabel.Text = "Record " + keyFieldValue +
          " updated successfully. ";

        // Display the new and original values.
        DisplayValues((OrderedDictionary)e.NewValues, (OrderedDictionary)e.OldValues);
      }
      else
      {
        // Display an error message.
        MessageLabel.Text = "An error occurred during the update operation.";

        // When an error occurs, keep the FormView 
        // control in edit mode.
        e.KeepInEditMode = true;
      }
    }
    else
    {
      // Insert the code to handle the exception.
      MessageLabel.Text = e.Exception.Message;

      // Use the ExceptionHandled property to indicate that the  
      // exception has already been handled.
      e.ExceptionHandled = true;

      e.KeepInEditMode = true;
    }
  }

  void DisplayValues(OrderedDictionary newValues, OrderedDictionary oldValues)
  {

    MessageLabel.Text += "<br/></br>";

    // Iterate through the new and old values. Display the 
    // values on the page. 
    for (int i = 0; i < oldValues.Count; i++)
    {
      MessageLabel.Text += "Old Value=" + oldValues[i].ToString() +
        ", New Value=" + newValues[i].ToString() + "<br/>";
    }

    MessageLabel.Text += "</br>";

  }

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>FormViewUpdatedEventArgs Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>FormViewUpdatedEventArgs Example</h3>

      <asp:formview id="EmployeeFormView"
        datasourceid="EmployeeSource"
        allowpaging="true"
        datakeynames="EmployeeID"
        emptydatatext="No employees found."
        onitemupdated="EmployeeFormView_ItemUpdated"   
        runat="server">

        <itemtemplate>
          <table>
            <tr>
              <td rowspan="6">
                <asp:image id="EmployeeImage"
                  imageurl='<%# Eval("PhotoPath") %>'
                  alternatetext='<%# Eval("LastName") %>' 
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
              <td colspan="2">
                  &nbsp; 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b>Name:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <%# Eval("FirstName") %> <%# Eval("LastName") %>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b>Title:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <%# Eval("Title") %>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b>Hire Date:</b>                 
              </td>
              <td>
                <%# Eval("HireDate","{0:d}") %>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr style="height:150" valign="top">
              <td>
                <b>Address:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <%# Eval("Address") %><br/>
                <%# Eval("City") %> <%# Eval("Region") %>
                <%# Eval("PostalCode") %><br/>
                <%# Eval("Country") %>   
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td colspan="2">
                <asp:linkbutton id="Edit"
                  text="Edit"
                  commandname="Edit"
                  runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
          </table>       
        </itemtemplate>
        <edititemtemplate>
          <table>
            <tr>
              <td rowspan="6">
                <asp:image id="EmployeeEditImage"
                  imageurl='<%# Eval("PhotoPath") %>'
                  alternatetext='<%# Eval("LastName") %>' 
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
              <td colspan="2">
                  &nbsp; 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b><asp:Label runat="server" 
                  AssociatedControlID="FirstNameUpdateTextBox" 
                  Text="Name" />:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <asp:textbox id="FirstNameUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("FirstName") %>'
                  accesskey="n" tabindex="1" runat="server"/>
                <asp:textbox id="LastNameUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("LastName") %>'
                  accesskey="l" tabindex="2" runat="server"/>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b><asp:Label runat="server" 
                  AssociatedControlID="TitleUpdateTextBox" 
                  Text="Title" />:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <asp:textbox id="TitleUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("Title") %>'
                  accesskey="t" tabindex="3" runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <b><asp:Label runat="server" 
                  AssociatedControlID="HireDateUpdateTextBox" 
                  Text="Hire Date" />:</b>
              <td>
                <asp:textbox id="HireDateUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("HireDate", "{0:d}") %>'
                  accesskey="h" tabindex="4" runat="server" />
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr style="height:150" valign="top">
              <td>
                <b><asp:Label runat="server" 
                  AssociatedControlID="AddressUpdateTextBox" 
                  Text="Address" />:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <asp:textbox id="AddressUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("Address") %>'
                  accesskey="a" tabindex="5" runat="server"/>
                <br/>
                <asp:textbox id="CityUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("City") %>'
                  accesskey="c" tabindex="6" runat="server"/> 
                <asp:textbox id="RegionUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("Region") %>'
                  width="40"
                  accesskey="r" tabindex="7" runat="server"/>
                <asp:textbox id="PostalCodeUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("PostalCode") %>'
                  width="60"
                  accesskey="p" tabindex="8" runat="server"/>
                <br/>
                <asp:textbox id="CountryUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("Country") %>'
                  accesskey="u" tabindex="9" runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td colspan="2">
                <asp:linkbutton id="UpdateButton"
                  text="Update" tabindex="10" 
                  commandname="Update"
                  runat="server"/>
                <asp:linkbutton id="CancelButton"
                  text="Cancel" tabindex="11" 
                  commandname="Cancel"
                  runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
          </table>       
        </edititemtemplate>

      </asp:formview>

      <br/><br/>

      <asp:label id="MessageLabel"
          forecolor="Red"
          runat="server"/>

      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="EmployeeSource"
        selectcommand="Select [EmployeeID], [LastName], [FirstName], [Title], [Address], [City], [Region], [PostalCode], [Country], [HireDate], [PhotoPath] From [Employees]"
        updatecommand="Update [Employees] Set [LastName]=@LastName, [FirstName]=@FirstName, [Title]=@Title, [Address]=@Address, [City]=@City, [Region]=@Region, [PostalCode]=@PostalCode, [Country]=@Country Where [EmployeeID]=@EmployeeID"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>

    </form>
  </body>
</html>

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

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