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FormView.ItemUpdated Event

Note: This event is new in the .NET Framework version 2.0.

Occurs when an Update button within a FormView control is clicked, but after the update operation.

Namespace: System.Web.UI.WebControls
Assembly: System.Web (in system.web.dll)

public event FormViewUpdatedEventHandler ItemUpdated
/** @event */
public void add_ItemUpdated (FormViewUpdatedEventHandler value)

/** @event */
public void remove_ItemUpdated (FormViewUpdatedEventHandler value)

JScript supports the use of events, but not the declaration of new ones.

The FormView control raises the ItemUpdated event when an Update button (a button with its CommandName property set to "Update") within the control is clicked, but after the FormView control updates the record. This allows you to provide an event-handling method that performs a custom routine, such as checking the results of an update operation, whenever this event occurs.

A FormViewUpdatedEventArgs object is passed to the event-handling method, which allows you to determine the number of records affected and any exceptions that might have occurred. To determine the number of records affected by the update operation, use the AffectedRows property. Use the Exception property to determine whether any exceptions occurred. You can also indicate whether the exception was handled in the event-handling method by setting the ExceptionHandled property. If you need to access the key field values for the updated record, use the Keys property. The original and updated non-key field values can be accessed using the OldValues and NewValues properties, respectively.

By default, the FormView control returns to the mode specified by the DefaultMode property after an update operation. To keep the FormView control in edit mode, set the KeepInEditMode property to true.

For more information about handling events, see Consuming Events.

The following example demonstrates how to use the ItemUpdated event to determine whether an exception occurred during an update operation.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<script runat="server">

  void EmployeeFormView_ItemUpdated(Object sender, FormViewUpdatedEventArgs e)
  {
    // Use the Exception property to determine whether an exception
    // occurred during the update operation.
    if (e.Exception == null)
    {
      // Sometimes an error might occur that does not raise an 
      // exception, but prevents the update operation from 
      // completing. Use the AffectedRows property to determine 
      // whether the record was actually updated. 
      if (e.AffectedRows == 1)
      {
        // Use the Keys property to get the value of the key field.
        String keyFieldValue = e.Keys["EmployeeID"].ToString();

        // Display a confirmation message.
        MessageLabel.Text = "Record " + keyFieldValue +
          " updated successfully. ";

        // Display the new and original values.
        DisplayValues((OrderedDictionary)e.NewValues, (OrderedDictionary)e.OldValues);
      }
      else
      {
        // Display an error message.
        MessageLabel.Text = "An error occurred during the update operation.";

        // When an error occurs, keep the FormView
        // control in edit mode.
        e.KeepInEditMode = true;
      }
    }
    else
    {
      // Insert the code to handle the exception.
      MessageLabel.Text = e.Exception.Message;

      // Use the ExceptionHandled property to indicate that the 
      // exception has already been handled.
      e.ExceptionHandled = true;

      e.KeepInEditMode = true;
    }
  }

  void DisplayValues(OrderedDictionary newValues, OrderedDictionary oldValues)
  {

    MessageLabel.Text += "<br/></br>";

    // Iterate through the new and old values. Display the
    // values on the page.
    for (int i = 0; i < oldValues.Count; i++)
    {
      MessageLabel.Text += "Old Value=" + oldValues[i].ToString() +
        ", New Value=" + newValues[i].ToString() + "<br/>";
    }

    MessageLabel.Text += "</br>";

  }

</script>

<html>
  <body>
    <form runat="server">
        
      <h3>FormViewUpdatedEventArgs Example</h3>
                       
      <asp:formview id="EmployeeFormView"
        datasourceid="EmployeeSource"
        allowpaging="true"
        datakeynames="EmployeeID"
        emptydatatext="No employees found."
        onitemupdated="EmployeeFormView_ItemUpdated"   
        runat="server">
        
        <itemtemplate>
          <table>
            <tr>
              <td rowspan="6">
                <asp:image id="EmployeeImage"
                  imageurl='<%# Eval("PhotoPath") %>'
                  alternatetext='<%# Eval("LastName") %>' 
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
              <td colspan="2">
                  &nbsp; 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b>Name:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <%# Eval("FirstName") %> <%# Eval("LastName") %>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b>Title:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <%# Eval("Title") %>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b>Hire Date:</b>                 
              </td>
              <td>
                <%# Eval("HireDate","{0:d}") %>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr height="150" valign="top">
              <td>
                <b>Address:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <%# Eval("Address") %><br/>
                <%# Eval("City") %> <%# Eval("Region") %>
                <%# Eval("PostalCode") %><br/>
                <%# Eval("Country") %>   
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td colspan="2">
                <asp:linkbutton id="Edit"
                  text="Edit"
                  commandname="Edit"
                  runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
          </table>       
        </itemtemplate>
        <edititemtemplate>
          <table>
            <tr>
              <td rowspan="6">
                <asp:image id="EmployeeEditImage"
                  imageurl='<%# Eval("PhotoPath") %>'
                  alternatetext='<%# Eval("LastName") %>' 
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
              <td colspan="2">
                  &nbsp; 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b>Name:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <asp:textbox id="FirstNameUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("FirstName") %>'
                  runat="server"/>
                <asp:textbox id="LastNameUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("LastName") %>'
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b>Title:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <asp:textbox id="TitleUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("Title") %>'
                  runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b>Hire Date:</b>                 
              </td>
              <td>
                <asp:textbox id="HireDateUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("HireDate", "{0:d}") %>'
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr height="150" valign="top">
              <td>
                <b>Address:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <asp:textbox id="AddressUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("Address") %>'
                  runat="server"/>
                <br/>
                <asp:textbox id="CityUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("City") %>'
                  runat="server"/> 
                <asp:textbox id="RegionUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("Region") %>'
                  width="40"
                  runat="server"/>
                <asp:textbox id="PostalCodeUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("PostalCode") %>'
                  width="60"
                  runat="server"/>
                <br/>
                <asp:textbox id="CountryUpdateTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("Country") %>'
                  runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td colspan="2">
                <asp:linkbutton id="UpdateButton"
                  text="Update"
                  commandname="Update"
                  runat="server"/>
                <asp:linkbutton id="CancelButton"
                  text="Cancel"
                  commandname="Cancel"
                  runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
          </table>       
        </edititemtemplate>
                  
      </asp:formview>
      
      <br/><br/>
      
      <asp:label id="MessageLabel"
          forecolor="Red"
          runat="server"/>
          
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="EmployeeSource"
        selectcommand="Select [EmployeeID], [LastName], [FirstName], [Title], [Address], [City], [Region], [PostalCode], [Country], [HireDate], [PhotoPath] From [Employees]"
        updatecommand="Update [Employees] Set [LastName]=@LastName, [FirstName]=@FirstName, [Title]=@Title, [Address]=@Address, [City]=@City, [Region]=@Region, [PostalCode]=@PostalCode, [Country]=@Country Where [EmployeeID]=@EmployeeID"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>
            
    </form>
  </body>
</html>


Windows 98, Windows 2000 SP4, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 2.0

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