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DetailsViewUpdateEventHandler Delegate

Represents the method that handles the ItemUpdating event of a DetailsView control.

Namespace:  System.Web.UI.WebControls
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)

public delegate void DetailsViewUpdateEventHandler(
	Object sender,
	DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs e
)

Parameters

sender
Type: System.Object
The source of the event.
e
Type: System.Web.UI.WebControls.DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs
A DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs that contains the event data.

The DetailsView control raises the ItemUpdating event when an Update button (a button with its CommandName property set to "Update") within the control is clicked, but before the DetailsView control updates the record. This allows you to provide an event handler that performs a custom routine, such as HTML-encoding the values of a record before updating it in the data source, whenever this event occurs.

When you create a DetailsViewUpdateEventHandler delegate, you identify the method that will handle the event. To associate the event with your event handler, add an instance of the delegate to the event. The event handler is called whenever the event occurs, unless you remove the delegate. For more information about event-handler delegates, see Events and Delegates.

The following code example demonstrates how to programmatically add a DetailsViewUpdateEventHandler delegate to the ItemUpdating event of a DetailsView control.



<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  void Page_Load(Object sender, EventArgs e)
  {

    // Create a new DetailsView object.
    DetailsView customerDetailsView = new DetailsView();

    // Set the DetailsView object's properties.
    customerDetailsView.ID = "CustomerDetailsView";
    customerDetailsView.DataSourceID = "DetailsViewSource";
    customerDetailsView.AutoGenerateRows = true;
    customerDetailsView.AutoGenerateEditButton = true;
    customerDetailsView.AllowPaging = true;
    customerDetailsView.DataKeyNames = new String[1] { "CustomerID" };
    customerDetailsView.PagerSettings.Position = PagerPosition.Bottom;

    // Programmatically register the event-handling methods
    // for the DetailsView control.
    customerDetailsView.ItemUpdating 
      += new DetailsViewUpdateEventHandler(
      this.CustomerDetailsView_ItemUpdating);
    customerDetailsView.ModeChanging 
      += new DetailsViewModeEventHandler(
      this.CustomerDetailsView_ModeChanging);

    // Add the DetailsView object to the Controls collection
    // of the PlaceHolder control.
    DetailsViewPlaceHolder.Controls.Add(customerDetailsView);

  }

  void CustomerDetailsView_ItemUpdating(Object sender, 
    DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs e)
  {

    // Validate the field values entered by the user. This
    // example determines whether the user left any fields
    // empty. Use the NewValues property to access the new 
    // values entered by the user.
    ArrayList emptyFieldList = 
      ValidateFields((IOrderedDictionary)e.NewValues);

    if (emptyFieldList.Count > 0)
    {

      // The user left some fields empty. Display an error message.

      // Use the Keys property to retrieve the key field value.
      String keyValue = e.Keys["CustomerID"].ToString();

      MessageLabel.Text = 
        "You must enter a value for all fields of record " +
        keyValue + ".<br/>The following fields are missing:<br/><br/>";

      // Display the missing fields.
      foreach (String value in emptyFieldList)
      {
        // Use the OldValues property access the original value
        // of a field.
        MessageLabel.Text += value + " - Original Value = " + 
          e.OldValues[value].ToString() + "<br />";
      }

      // Cancel the update operation.
      e.Cancel = true;

    }
    else
    {
      // The field values passed validation. Clear the
      // error message label.
      MessageLabel.Text = "";
    }

  }

  ArrayList ValidateFields(IOrderedDictionary list)
  {

    // Create an ArrayList object to store the
    // names of any empty fields.
    ArrayList emptyFieldList = new ArrayList();

    // Iterate though the field values entered by
    // the user and check for an empty field. Empty
    // fields contain a null value.
    foreach (DictionaryEntry entry in list)
    {
      if (entry.Value == null)
      {
        // Add the field name to the ArrayList object.
        emptyFieldList.Add(entry.Key.ToString());
      }
    }

    return emptyFieldList;
  }

  void CustomerDetailsView_ModeChanging(Object sender, 
    DetailsViewModeEventArgs e)
  {
    if (e.CancelingEdit)
    {
      // The user canceled the update operation.
      // Clear the error message label.
      MessageLabel.Text = "";
    }
  }

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>DetailsViewUpdateEventHandler Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>DetailsViewUpdateEventHandler Example</h3>

      <!-- Use a PlaceHolder control as the container for the -->
      <!-- dynamically generated DetailsView control.         -->       
      <asp:placeholder id="DetailsViewPlaceHolder"
        runat="server"/>

      <br/><br/>

      <asp:label id="MessageLabel"
        forecolor="Red"
        runat="server"/>

      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="DetailsViewSource"
        selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], 
          [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
        updatecommand="Update [Customers] Set 
          [CompanyName]=@CompanyName, [Address]=@Address, 
          [City]=@City, [PostalCode]=@PostalCode, 
          [Country]=@Country 
          Where [CustomerID]=@CustomerID"
        connectionstring=
          "<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>

    </form>
  </body>
</html>



The following code example demonstrates how to declaratively add a DetailsViewUpdateEventHandler delegate to the ItemUpdating event of a DetailsView control.



<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  void CustomerDetailsView_ItemUpdating(Object sender, 
    DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs e)
  {

    // Validate the field values entered by the user. This
    // example determines whether the user left any fields
    // empty. Use the NewValues property to access the new 
    // values entered by the user.
    ArrayList emptyFieldList = 
      ValidateFields((IOrderedDictionary)e.NewValues);

    if (emptyFieldList.Count > 0)
    {

      // The user left some fields empty. Display an error message.

      // Use the Keys property to retrieve the key field value.
      String keyValue = e.Keys["CustomerID"].ToString();

      MessageLabel.Text = 
        "You must enter a value for all fields of record " +
        keyValue + ".<br/>The following fields are missing:<br/><br/>";

      // Display the missing fields.
      foreach (String value in emptyFieldList)
      {
        // Use the OldValues property access the original value
        // of a field.
        MessageLabel.Text += value + " - Original Value = " + 
          e.OldValues[value].ToString() + "<br />";
      }

      // Cancel the update operation.
      e.Cancel = true;

    }
    else
    {
      // The field values passed validation. Clear the
      // error message label.
      MessageLabel.Text = "";
    }

  }

  ArrayList ValidateFields(IOrderedDictionary list)
  {

    // Create an ArrayList object to store the
    // names of any empty fields.
    ArrayList emptyFieldList = new ArrayList();

    // Iterate though the field values entered by
    // the user and check for an empty field. Empty
    // fields contain a null value.
    foreach (DictionaryEntry entry in list)
    {
      if (entry.Value == null)
      {
        // Add the field name to the ArrayList object.
        emptyFieldList.Add(entry.Key.ToString());
      }
    }

    return emptyFieldList;
  }

  void CustomerDetailsView_ModeChanging(Object sender, 
    DetailsViewModeEventArgs e)
  {
    if (e.CancelingEdit)
    {
      // The user canceled the update operation.
      // Clear the error message label.
      MessageLabel.Text = "";
    }
  }

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>DetailsViewUpdateEventHandler Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>DetailsViewUpdateEventHandler Example</h3>

      <asp:detailsview id="CustomerDetailsView"
        datasourceid="DetailsViewSource"
        autogeneraterows="true"
        autogenerateeditbutton="true"  
        allowpaging="true"
        datakeynames="CustomerID" 
        onitemupdating="CustomerDetailsView_ItemUpdating"
        onmodechanging="CustomerDetailsView_ModeChanging" 
        runat="server">

        <pagersettings position="Bottom"/> 

      </asp:detailsview>

      <br/>

      <asp:label id="MessageLabel"
        forecolor="Red"
        runat="server"/>

      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="DetailsViewSource"
        selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], 
          [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
        updatecommand="Update [Customers] Set 
          [CompanyName]=@CompanyName, [Address]=@Address, 
          [City]=@City, [PostalCode]=@PostalCode, 
          [Country]=@Country 
          Where [CustomerID]=@CustomerID"
        connectionstring=
          "<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>

    </form>
  </body>
</html>



.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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