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DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs Class

Provides data for the ItemUpdating event.

System.Object
  System.EventArgs
    System.ComponentModel.CancelEventArgs
      System.Web.UI.WebControls.DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs

Namespace:  System.Web.UI.WebControls
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)

public class DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs : CancelEventArgs

The DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public methodDetailsViewUpdateEventArgsInitializes a new instance of the DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs class.
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  NameDescription
Public propertyCancelGets or sets a value indicating whether the event should be canceled. (Inherited from CancelEventArgs.)
Public propertyCommandArgumentGets the command argument for the update operation passed to the DetailsView control.
Public propertyKeysGets a dictionary that contains the key field name/value pairs for the record to update.
Public propertyNewValuesGets a dictionary that contains the new field name/value pairs for the record to update.
Public propertyOldValuesGets a dictionary that contains the original field name/value pairs for the record to update.
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  NameDescription
Public methodEquals(Object)Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodFinalizeAllows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetHashCodeServes as the default hash function. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodMemberwiseCloneCreates a shallow copy of the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodToStringReturns a string that represents the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
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The DetailsView control raises the ItemUpdating event when an Update button (a button with its CommandName property set to "Update") within the control is clicked, but before the DetailsView control updates the record. This allows you to provide an event handler that performs a custom routine, such as HTML-encoding the values of a record before updating it in the data source, whenever this event occurs.

A DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs object is passed to the event handler, which allows you to determine the value of an optional command argument sent to the DetailsView control and to indicate whether the update operation should be canceled. To determine the value of the command argument, use the CommandArgument property. To cancel the update operation, set the Cancel property to true. You can also read or modify the new values entered by the user by using the Keys and NewValues properties. The Keys property contains the key fields, while the NewValues property contains the non-key fields. If you need to access the original non-key field values, use the OldValues property.

For more information about handling events, see Consuming Events.

For a list of initial property values for an instance of the DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs class, see the DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs constructor.

The following code example demonstrates how to use the DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs object passed to the event handler for the ItemUpdating event to validate the values entered by the user.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

    void CustomerDetailsView_ItemUpdating(Object sender, 
      DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs e)
    {

        // Validate the field values entered by the user. This
        // example determines whether the user left any fields
        // empty. Use the NewValues property to access the new 
        // values entered by the user.
        ArrayList emptyFieldList = 
          ValidateFields((IOrderedDictionary)e.NewValues);

        if (emptyFieldList.Count > 0)
        {

            // The user left some fields empty. 
            // Display an error message.

            // Use the Keys property to retrieve the key field value.
            String keyValue = e.Keys["CustomerID"].ToString();

            MessageLabel.Text = 
              "You must enter a value for all fields of record " +
              keyValue + ".<br/>The following fields are missing:<br/><br/>";

            // Display the missing fields.
            foreach (String value in emptyFieldList)
            {
                // Use the OldValues property access the original
                // value of a field.
                MessageLabel.Text += value + " - Original Value = " +
                  e.OldValues[value].ToString() + "<br />";
            }

            // Cancel the update operation.
            e.Cancel = true;

        }
        else
        {
            // The field values passed validation. Clear the
            // error message label.
            MessageLabel.Text = "";
        }

    }

    ArrayList ValidateFields(IOrderedDictionary list)
    {

        // Create an ArrayList object to store the
        // names of any empty fields.
        ArrayList emptyFieldList = new ArrayList();

        // Iterate though the field values entered by
        // the user and check for an empty field. Empty
        // fields contain a null value.
        foreach (DictionaryEntry entry in list)
        {
            if (entry.Value == null)
            {
                // Add the field name to the ArrayList object.
                emptyFieldList.Add(entry.Key.ToString());
            }
        }

        return emptyFieldList;
    }

    void CustomerDetailsView_ModeChanging(Object sender, 
      DetailsViewModeEventArgs e)
    {
        if (e.CancelingEdit)
        {
            // The user canceled the update operation.
            // Clear the error message label.
            MessageLabel.Text = "";
        }
    }

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >

  <head runat="server">
    <title>DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs Example</h3>

        <asp:detailsview id="CustomerDetailsView"
          datasourceid="DetailsViewSource"
          autogeneraterows="true"
          autogenerateeditbutton="true"  
          allowpaging="true"
          datakeynames="CustomerID" 
          onitemupdating="CustomerDetailsView_ItemUpdating"
          onmodechanging="CustomerDetailsView_ModeChanging" 
          runat="server">

          <pagersettings position="Bottom"/> 

        </asp:detailsview>

        <br/>

        <asp:label id="MessageLabel"
          forecolor="Red"
          runat="server"/>

        <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
        <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
        <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
        <!-- from the web.config file.                            -->
        <asp:sqldatasource id="DetailsViewSource"
          selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], 
            [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
          updatecommand="Update [Customers] Set 
          [CompanyName]=@CompanyName, [Address]=@Address, 
          [City]=@City, [PostalCode]=@PostalCode, 
          [Country]=@Country 
          Where [CustomerID]=@CustomerID"
          connectionstring=
          "<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
          runat="server"/>

      </form>
  </body>
</html>

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.
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