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DataList.OnItemDataBound Method

Raises the ItemDataBound event. This allows you to provide a custom handler for the event.

[Visual Basic]
Protected Overridable Sub OnItemDataBound( _
   ByVal e As DataListItemEventArgs _
)
[C#]
protected virtual void OnItemDataBound(
 DataListItemEventArgs e
);
[C++]
protected: virtual void OnItemDataBound(
 DataListItemEventArgs* e
);
[JScript]
protected function OnItemDataBound(
   e : DataListItemEventArgs
);

Parameters

e
A DataListItemEventArgs that contains event data.

Remarks

Use the OnItemDataBound method to provide a custom handler for the ItemDataBound event.

The ItemDataBound event is raised after an item is data bound to the DataList control. This event provides you with the last opportunity to access the data item before it is displayed on the client. After this event is raised, the data item is nulled out and no longer available.

Raising an event invokes the event handler through a delegate. For more information, see Raising an Event.

The OnItemDataBound method also allows derived classes to handle the event without attaching a delegate. This is the preferred technique for handling the event in a derived class.

Notes to Inheritors:  When overriding OnItemDataBound in a derived class, be sure to call the base class's OnItemDataBound method so that registered delegates receive the event.

Example

[Visual Basic, C#] The following example demonstrates how to specify and code a handler for the ItemDataBound event to display the order in which items in the DataList control are bound to the control.

[Visual Basic, C#] Note   The following code sample uses the single-file code model and may not work correctly if copied directly into a code-behind file. This code sample must be copied into an empty text file that has an .aspx extension. For more information on the Web Forms code model, see Web Forms Code Model.
[Visual Basic] 

<%@ Page Language="VB" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
 
<html>
   <script runat="server">
 
      Function CreateDataSource() As ICollection 
      
         ' Create sample data for the DataList control.
         Dim dt As DataTable = New DataTable()
         Dim dr As DataRow
 
         ' Define the columns of the table.
         dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("IntegerValue", GetType(Int32)))
         dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("StringValue", GetType(String)))
         dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("CurrencyValue", GetType(Double)))
 
         ' Populate the table with sample values.
         Dim i As Integer

         For i = 0 To 8 

            dr = dt.NewRow()
 
            dr(0) = i
            dr(1) = "Description for item " & i.ToString()
            dr(2) = 1.23 * (i + 1)
 
            dt.Rows.Add(dr)

         Next i
 
         Dim dv As DataView = New DataView(dt)
         Return dv

      End Function
 
 
      Sub Page_Load(sender As Object, e As EventArgs) 

         ' Load sample data only once, when the page is first loaded.
         If Not IsPostBack Then
         
            ItemsList.DataSource = CreateDataSource()
            ItemsList.DataBind()
         
         End If

      End Sub

      Sub Item_Bound(sender As Object, e As DataListItemEventArgs)

         If e.Item.ItemType = ListItemType.Item Or _
             e.Item.ItemType = ListItemType.AlternatingItem Then


            ' Retrieve the Label control in the current DataListItem.
            Dim PriceLabel As Label = _
                CType(e.Item.FindControl("PriceLabel"), Label)

            ' Retrieve the text of the CurrencyColumn from the DataListItem
            ' and convert the value to a Double.
            Dim Price As Double = Convert.ToDouble( _
                (CType(e.Item.DataItem, DataRowView)).Row.ItemArray(2).ToString())

            ' Format the value as currency and redisplay it in the DataList.
            PriceLabel.Text = Price.ToString("c")

         End If

      End Sub
 
   </script>
 
<body>
 
   <form runat=server>

      <h3>DataList ItemDataBound Example</h3>
 
      <asp:DataList id="ItemsList"
           BorderColor="black"
           CellPadding="5"
           CellSpacing="5"
           RepeatDirection="Vertical"
           RepeatLayout="Table"
           RepeatColumns="3"
           ShowBorder="True"
           OnItemDataBound="Item_Bound"
           runat="server">

         <HeaderStyle BackColor="#aaaadd">
         </HeaderStyle>

         <AlternatingItemStyle BackColor="Gainsboro">
         </AlternatingItemStyle>

         <HeaderTemplate>

            List of items

         </HeaderTemplate>
               
         <ItemTemplate>

            Description: <br>
            <%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "StringValue") %>

            <br>

            Price: 
            <asp:Label id="PriceLabel"
                 runat="server"/>

         </ItemTemplate>
 
      </asp:DataList>
 
   </form>
 
</body>
</html>


[C#] 

<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
 
<html>
   <script runat="server">
 
      ICollection CreateDataSource() 
      {
      
         // Create sample data for the DataList control.
         DataTable dt = new DataTable();
         DataRow dr;
 
         // Define the columns of the table.
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("IntegerValue", typeof(Int32)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("StringValue", typeof(String)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("CurrencyValue", typeof(double)));
 
         // Populate the table with sample values.
         for (int i = 0; i < 9; i++) 
         {
            dr = dt.NewRow();
 
            dr[0] = i;
            dr[1] = "Description for item " + i.ToString();
            dr[2] = 1.23 * (i + 1);
 
            dt.Rows.Add(dr);
         }
 
         DataView dv = new DataView(dt);
         return dv;

      }
 
 
      void Page_Load(Object sender, EventArgs e) 
      {

         // Load sample data only once, when the page is first loaded.
         if (!IsPostBack) 
         {
            ItemsList.DataSource = CreateDataSource();
            ItemsList.DataBind();
         }

      }

      void Item_Bound(Object sender, DataListItemEventArgs e)
      {

         if (e.Item.ItemType == ListItemType.Item || 
             e.Item.ItemType == ListItemType.AlternatingItem)
         {

            // Retrieve the Label control in the current DataListItem.
            Label PriceLabel = (Label)e.Item.FindControl("PriceLabel");

            // Retrieve the text of the CurrencyColumn from the DataListItem
            // and convert the value to a Double.
            Double Price = Convert.ToDouble(
                ((DataRowView)e.Item.DataItem).Row.ItemArray[2].ToString());

            // Format the value as currency and redisplay it in the DataList.
            PriceLabel.Text = Price.ToString("c");

         }

      }
 
   </script>
 
<body>
 
   <form runat=server>

      <h3>DataList ItemDataBound Example</h3>
 
      <asp:DataList id="ItemsList"
           BorderColor="black"
           CellPadding="5"
           CellSpacing="5"
           RepeatDirection="Vertical"
           RepeatLayout="Table"
           RepeatColumns="3"
           ShowBorder="True"
           OnItemDataBound="Item_Bound"
           runat="server">

         <HeaderStyle BackColor="#aaaadd">
         </HeaderStyle>

         <AlternatingItemStyle BackColor="Gainsboro">
         </AlternatingItemStyle>

         <HeaderTemplate>

            List of items

         </HeaderTemplate>
               
         <ItemTemplate>

            Description: <br>
            <%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "StringValue") %>

            <br>

            Price: 
            <asp:Label id="PriceLabel"
                 runat="server"/>

         </ItemTemplate>
 
      </asp:DataList>
 
   </form>
 
</body>
</html>


[Visual Basic] 

<%@ Page Language="VB" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
 
<html>
   <script runat="server">
 
      Function CreateDataSource() As ICollection 
      
         ' Create sample data for the DataList control.
         Dim dt As DataTable = New DataTable()
         Dim dr As DataRow
 
         ' Define the columns of the table.
         dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("IntegerValue", GetType(Int32)))
         dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("StringValue", GetType(String)))
         dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("CurrencyValue", GetType(Double)))
 
         ' Populate the table with sample values.
         Dim i As Integer

         For i = 0 To 8 

            dr = dt.NewRow()
 
            dr(0) = i
            dr(1) = "Description for item " & i.ToString()
            dr(2) = 1.23 * (i + 1)
 
            dt.Rows.Add(dr)

         Next i
 
         Dim dv As DataView = New DataView(dt)
         Return dv

      End Function
 
 
      Sub Page_Load(sender As Object, e As EventArgs)

         ' Manually register the event-handling method for the 
         ' ItemCommand event.
         AddHandler ItemsList.ItemDataBound, AddressOf Item_Bound 

         ' Load sample data only once, when the page is first loaded.
         If Not IsPostBack Then
         
            ItemsList.DataSource = CreateDataSource()
            ItemsList.DataBind()
         
         End If

      End Sub

      Sub Item_Bound(sender As Object, e As DataListItemEventArgs)

         If e.Item.ItemType = ListItemType.Item Or _
             e.Item.ItemType = ListItemType.AlternatingItem Then

            ' Retrieve the Label control in the current DataListItem.
            Dim PriceLabel As Label = _
                CType(e.Item.FindControl("PriceLabel"), Label)

            ' Retrieve the text of the CurrencyColumn from the DataListItem
            ' and convert the value to a Double.
            Dim Price As Double = Convert.ToDouble( _
                (CType(e.Item.DataItem, DataRowView)).Row.ItemArray(2).ToString())

            ' Format the value as currency and redisplay it in the DataList.
            PriceLabel.Text = Price.ToString("c")

         End If

      End Sub
 
   </script>
 
<body>
 
   <form runat=server>

      <h3>DataList ItemDataBound Example</h3>
 
      <asp:DataList id="ItemsList"
           BorderColor="black"
           CellPadding="5"
           CellSpacing="5"
           RepeatDirection="Vertical"
           RepeatLayout="Table"
           RepeatColumns="3"
           ShowBorder="True"
           OnItemDataBound="Item_Bound"
           runat="server">

         <HeaderStyle BackColor="#aaaadd">
         </HeaderStyle>

         <AlternatingItemStyle BackColor="Gainsboro">
         </AlternatingItemStyle>

         <HeaderTemplate>

            List of items

         </HeaderTemplate>
               
         <ItemTemplate>

            Description: <br>
            <%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "StringValue") %>

            <br>

            Price: 
            <asp:Label id="PriceLabel"
                 runat="server"/>

         </ItemTemplate>
 
      </asp:DataList>
 
   </form>
 
</body>
</html>


[C#] 

<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
 
<html>
   <script runat="server">
 
      ICollection CreateDataSource() 
      {
      
         // Create sample data for the DataList control.
         DataTable dt = new DataTable();
         DataRow dr;
 
         // Define the columns of the table.
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("IntegerValue", typeof(Int32)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("StringValue", typeof(String)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("CurrencyValue", typeof(double)));
 
         // Populate the table with sample values.
         for (int i = 0; i < 9; i++) 
         {
            dr = dt.NewRow();
 
            dr[0] = i;
            dr[1] = "Description for item " + i.ToString();
            dr[2] = 1.23 * (i + 1);
 
            dt.Rows.Add(dr);
         }
 
         DataView dv = new DataView(dt);
         return dv;

      }
 
 
      void Page_Load(Object sender, EventArgs e) 
      {

         // Manually register the event-handling method for the 
         // ItemCommand event.
         ItemsList.ItemDataBound += 
             new DataListItemEventHandler(this.Item_Bound);

         // Load sample data only once, when the page is first loaded.
         if (!IsPostBack) 
         {
            ItemsList.DataSource = CreateDataSource();
            ItemsList.DataBind();
         }

      }

      void Item_Bound(Object sender, DataListItemEventArgs e)
      {

         if (e.Item.ItemType == ListItemType.Item || 
             e.Item.ItemType == ListItemType.AlternatingItem)
         {

            // Retrieve the Label control in the current DataListItem.
            Label PriceLabel = (Label)e.Item.FindControl("PriceLabel");

            // Retrieve the text of the CurrencyColumn from the DataListItem
            // and convert the value to a Double.
            Double Price = Convert.ToDouble(
                ((DataRowView)e.Item.DataItem).Row.ItemArray[2].ToString());

            // Format the value as currency and redisplay it in the DataList.
            PriceLabel.Text = Price.ToString("c");

         }

      }
 
   </script>
 
<body>
 
   <form runat=server>

      <h3>DataList ItemDataBound Example</h3>
 
      <asp:DataList id="ItemsList"
           BorderColor="black"
           CellPadding="5"
           CellSpacing="5"
           RepeatDirection="Vertical"
           RepeatLayout="Table"
           RepeatColumns="3"
           ShowBorder="True"
           runat="server">

         <HeaderStyle BackColor="#aaaadd">
         </HeaderStyle>

         <AlternatingItemStyle BackColor="Gainsboro">
         </AlternatingItemStyle>

         <HeaderTemplate>

            List of items

         </HeaderTemplate>
               
         <ItemTemplate>

            Description: <br>
            <%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "StringValue") %>

            <br>

            Price: 
            <asp:Label id="PriceLabel"
                 runat="server"/>

         </ItemTemplate>
 
      </asp:DataList>
 
   </form>
 
</body>
</html>

[C++, JScript] No example is available for C++ or JScript. To view a Visual Basic or C# example, click the Language Filter button Language Filter in the upper-left corner of the page.

Requirements

Platforms: Windows 2000, Windows XP Professional, Windows Server 2003 family

See Also

DataList Class | DataList Members | System.Web.UI.WebControls Namespace | ItemDataBound | DataListItemEventArgs

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