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DataList.AlternatingItemStyle Property

Gets the style properties for alternating items in the DataList control.

[Visual Basic]
Public Overridable ReadOnly Property AlternatingItemStyle As _
   TableItemStyle
[C#]
public virtual TableItemStyle AlternatingItemStyle {get;}
[C++]
public: __property virtual TableItemStyle*
   get_AlternatingItemStyle();
[JScript]
public function get AlternatingItemStyle() : TableItemStyle;

Property Value

A TableItemStyle object that represents the style properties for alternating items in the DataList control. The default value is an empty TableItemStyle object.

Remarks

Use the AlternatingItemStyle property to provide a custom style for the alternating items in the DataList control. Common style attributes that can be adjusted include forecolor, backcolor, font, and content alignment within the cell. Providing a different style enhances the appearance of the DataList control.

Item style properties in the DataList control are inherited from one item style property to another through a hierarchy. Item style properties set lower in the hierarchy are inherited by item style properties higher in the hierarchy. For example, if you specify a red font for the ItemStyle property, all other item style properties in the DataList control will also have a red font. This allows you to provide a common appearance for the control by setting a single item style property. You can override the inherited style settings for an item style property that is higher in the hierarchy by setting its style properties. For example, you can specify a blue font for the AlternatingItemStyle property, overriding the red font specified in the ItemStyle property. The following table lists the hierarchy order from highest to lowest.

Precedence Style Property
1 EditItemStyle
2 SelectedItemStyle
3 AlternatingItemStyle
4 ItemStyle
5 ControlStyle

To specify a custom style for the alternating items, place the <AlternatingItemStyle> tags between the opening and closing tags of the DataList control. You can then list the style attributes within the opening <AlternatingItemStyle> tag.

Example

[Visual Basic, C#] The following example demonstrates how to use the AlternatingItemStyle property to specify a different background color for alternating items in the DataList control.

[Visual Basic, C#] Note   The following code sample uses the single-file code model and may not work correctly if copied directly into a code-behind file. This code sample must be copied into an empty text file that has an .aspx extension. For more information on the Web Forms code model, see Web Forms Code Model.
[Visual Basic] 

<%@ Page Language="VB" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
 
<html>
   <script runat="server">
 
      Function CreateDataSource() As ICollection 
      
         ' Create sample data for the DataList control.
         Dim dt As DataTable = New DataTable()
         dim dr As DataRow
 
         ' Define the columns of the table.
         dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("IntegerValue", GetType(Int32)))
         dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("StringValue", GetType(String)))
         dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("CurrencyValue", GetType(Double)))
         dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("ImageValue", GetType(String)))
 
         ' Populate the table with sample values.
         Dim i As Integer

         For i = 0 To 8 

            dr = dt.NewRow()
 
            dr(0) = i
            dr(1) = "Description for item " & i.ToString()
            dr(2) = 1.23 * (i + 1)
            dr(3) = "Image" & i.ToString() & ".jpg"
 
            dt.Rows.Add(dr)

         Next i
 
         Dim dv As DataView = New DataView(dt)
         Return dv

      End Function
 
      Sub Page_Load(sender As Object, e As EventArgs) 

         ' Load sample data only once, when the page is first loaded.
         If Not IsPostBack Then 
     
            ItemsList.DataSource = CreateDataSource()
            ItemsList.DataBind()
         
         End If

      End Sub

      Sub Selection_Change(sender As Object, e As EventArgs)

         ' Set the background color for the heading and footer sections
         ' of the DataList control.
         ItemsList.ItemStyle.BackColor = _
             System.Drawing.Color.FromName(ItemList.SelectedItem.Value)
         ItemsList.AlternatingItemStyle.BackColor = _
             System.Drawing.Color.FromName(AltItemList.SelectedItem.Value)

      End Sub
 
   </script>
 
<body>
 
   <form runat=server>

      <h3>DataList ItemStyle and AlternatingItemStyle Example</h3>

      Select background colors for the items and alternating items.

      <br><br>
 
      <asp:DataList id="ItemsList"
           BorderColor="black"
           CellPadding="5"
           CellSpacing="5"
           RepeatDirection="Vertical"
           RepeatLayout="Table"
           RepeatColumns="3"
           ShowBorder="True"
           ShowFooter="True"
           runat="server">

         <HeaderStyle BackColor="#aaaadd">
         </HeaderStyle>

         <ItemStyle BackColor="White">
         </ItemStyle>

         <AlternatingItemStyle BackColor="White">
         </AlternatingItemStyle>

         <HeaderTemplate>

            List of items

         </HeaderTemplate>
               
         <ItemTemplate>

            Description: <br>
            <%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "StringValue") %>

            <br>

            Price: <%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "CurrencyValue", "{0:c}") %>

            <br>

            <asp:Image id="ProductImage"
                 ImageUrl='<%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "ImageValue") %>'
                 runat="server"/>

         </ItemTemplate>
 
      </asp:DataList>

      <hr>

      <table cellpadding="5">

         <tr>

            <td>

               Item BackColor:
 
            </td>

            <td>

               Alternating item BackColor:

            </td>

         </tr>

         <tr>

            <td>

               <asp:DropDownList id="ItemList"
                    AutoPostBack="True"
                    OnSelectedIndexChanged="Selection_Change"
                    runat="server">

                  <asp:ListItem Selected="True" Value="White"> White </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="Silver"> Silver </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="DarkGray"> Dark Gray </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="Khaki"> Khaki </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="DarkKhaki"> Dark Khaki </asp:ListItem>

               </asp:DropDownList>
 
            </td>

            <td>

               <asp:DropDownList id="AltItemList"
                    AutoPostBack="True"
                    OnSelectedIndexChanged="Selection_Change"
                    runat="server">

                  <asp:ListItem Selected="True" Value="White"> White </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="Silver"> Silver </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="DarkGray"> Dark Gray </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="Khaki"> Khaki </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="DarkKhaki"> Dark Khaki </asp:ListItem>

               </asp:DropDownList>

            </td>

         </tr>

      </table>
 
   </form>
 
</body>
</html>


[C#] 

<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
 
<html>
   <script runat="server">
 
      ICollection CreateDataSource() 
      {
      
         // Create sample data for the DataList control.
         DataTable dt = new DataTable();
         DataRow dr;
 
         // Define the columns of the table.
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("IntegerValue", typeof(Int32)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("StringValue", typeof(String)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("CurrencyValue", typeof(double)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("ImageValue", typeof(String)));
 
         // Populate the table with sample values.
         for (int i = 0; i < 9; i++) 
         {
            dr = dt.NewRow();
 
            dr[0] = i;
            dr[1] = "Description for item " + i.ToString();
            dr[2] = 1.23 * (i + 1);
            dr[3] = "Image" + i.ToString() + ".jpg";
 
            dt.Rows.Add(dr);
         }
 
         DataView dv = new DataView(dt);
         return dv;
      }
  
      void Page_Load(Object sender, EventArgs e) 
      {

         // Load sample data only once, when the page is first loaded.
         if (!IsPostBack) 
         {
            ItemsList.DataSource = CreateDataSource();
            ItemsList.DataBind();
         }

      }

      void Selection_Change(Object sender, EventArgs e)
      {

         // Set the background color for the heading and footer sections
         // of the DataList control.
         ItemsList.ItemStyle.BackColor = 
             System.Drawing.Color.FromName(ItemList.SelectedItem.Value);
         ItemsList.AlternatingItemStyle.BackColor = 
             System.Drawing.Color.FromName(AltItemList.SelectedItem.Value);

      }
 
   </script>
 
<body>
 
   <form runat=server>

      <h3>DataList ItemStyle and AlternatingItemStyle Example</h3>

      Select background colors for the items and alternating items.

      <br><br>
 
      <asp:DataList id="ItemsList"
           BorderColor="black"
           CellPadding="5"
           CellSpacing="5"
           RepeatDirection="Vertical"
           RepeatLayout="Table"
           RepeatColumns="3"
           ShowBorder="True"
           ShowFooter="True"
           runat="server">

         <HeaderStyle BackColor="#aaaadd">
         </HeaderStyle>

         <ItemStyle BackColor="White">
         </ItemStyle>

         <AlternatingItemStyle BackColor="White">
         </AlternatingItemStyle>

         <HeaderTemplate>

            List of items

         </HeaderTemplate>
               
         <ItemTemplate>

            Description: <br>
            <%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "StringValue") %>

            <br>

            Price: <%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "CurrencyValue", "{0:c}") %>

            <br>

            <asp:Image id="ProductImage"
                 ImageUrl='<%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "ImageValue") %>'
                 runat="server"/>

         </ItemTemplate>

         <AlternatingItemTemplate>

            <asp:Image id="ProductImage"
                 ImageUrl='<%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "ImageValue") %>'
                 runat="server"/>

            <br>

            Description: <br>
            <%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "StringValue") %>

            <br>

            Price: <%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "CurrencyValue", "{0:c}") %>       

         </AlternatingItemTemplate>
 
      </asp:DataList>

      <hr>

      <table cellpadding="5">

         <tr>

            <td>

               Item BackColor:
 
            </td>

            <td>

               Alternating item BackColor:

            </td>

         </tr>

         <tr>

            <td>

               <asp:DropDownList id="ItemList"
                    AutoPostBack="True"
                    OnSelectedIndexChanged="Selection_Change"
                    runat="server">

                  <asp:ListItem Selected="True" Value="White"> White </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="Silver"> Silver </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="DarkGray"> Dark Gray </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="Khaki"> Khaki </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="DarkKhaki"> Dark Khaki </asp:ListItem>

               </asp:DropDownList>
 
            </td>

            <td>

               <asp:DropDownList id="AltItemList"
                    AutoPostBack="True"
                    OnSelectedIndexChanged="Selection_Change"
                    runat="server">

                  <asp:ListItem Selected="True" Value="White"> White </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="Silver"> Silver </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="DarkGray"> Dark Gray </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="Khaki"> Khaki </asp:ListItem>
                  <asp:ListItem Value="DarkKhaki"> Dark Khaki </asp:ListItem>

               </asp:DropDownList>

            </td>

         </tr>

      </table>
 
   </form>
 
</body>
</html>

[C++, JScript] No example is available for C++ or JScript. To view a Visual Basic or C# example, click the Language Filter button Language Filter in the upper-left corner of the page.

Requirements

Platforms: Windows 2000, Windows XP Professional, Windows Server 2003 family

See Also

DataList Class | DataList Members | System.Web.UI.WebControls Namespace | TableItemStyle | Style

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