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DataGrid.VirtualItemCount Property

Gets or sets the virtual number of items in the DataGrid control when custom paging is used.

Namespace: System.Web.UI.WebControls
Assembly: System.Web (in system.web.dll)

public virtual int VirtualItemCount { get; set; }
/** @property */
public int get_VirtualItemCount ()

/** @property */
public void set_VirtualItemCount (int value)

public function get VirtualItemCount () : int

public function set VirtualItemCount (value : int)

Not applicable.

Property Value

The virtual number of items in the DataGrid control when custom paging is used.

Exception typeCondition

ArgumentOutOfRangeException

The specified value is a negative number.

Use this property to specify the virtual number of items in the DataGrid control when custom paging is used. This property is only used when the AllowCustomPaging property is set to true.

If the AllowCustomPaging property is set to true, the number of pages required to display every item in the DataGrid control is calculated based on the values of the PageSize and VirtualItemCount properties.

If the AllowCustomPaging property is set to false, the number of pages displayed in the DataGrid control is calculated based on the values of the PageSize property and the total number of items in the data source.

The following code example demonstrates how to use the VirtualItemCount property to specify the total number of items in the DataGrid control when custom paging is used.

<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >

   <script runat="server">

      // Normally, an entire data source is loaded in the DataGrid control, 
      // which can take up a lot of resources. This example uses custom 
      // paging, which loads only the segment of data needed to fill a
      // single page. In order to query for the appropriate segment of
      // data, the index of the first item displayed on a page must be
      // tracked as the user navigates between pages.
      int startIndex = 0;

      ICollection CreateDataSource() 
      {

         // Create sample data for the DataGrid control.
         DataTable dt = new DataTable();
         DataRow dr;

         // Define the columns of the table.
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("IntegerValue", typeof(Int32)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("StringValue", typeof(string)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("DateTimeValue", typeof(string)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("BoolValue", typeof(bool)));

         // Populate the table with sample values. When using custom paging,
         // a query should only return enough data to fill a single page, 
         // beginning at the start index.
         for (int i = startIndex; i < (startIndex + MyDataGrid.PageSize); i++) 
         {
             dr = dt.NewRow();

             dr[0] = i;
             dr[1] = "Item " + i.ToString();
             dr[2] = DateTime.Now.ToShortDateString();
             dr[3] = (i % 2 != 0) ? true : false;

             dt.Rows.Add(dr);
         }

         DataView dv = new DataView(dt);
         return dv;

      }

      void Page_Load(Object sender, EventArgs e) 
      {

         // Load sample data only once, when the page is first loaded.
         if (!IsPostBack) 
         {

            // Set the virtual item count, which specifies the total number
            // items displayed in the DataGrid control when custom paging
            // is used.
            MyDataGrid.VirtualItemCount = 200;

            // Retrieve the segment of data to display on the page from the
            // data source and bind it to the DataGrid control.
            BindGrid();

         }

      }

      void MyDataGrid_Page(Object sender, DataGridPageChangedEventArgs e) 
      {

         // For the DataGrid control to navigate to the correct page when
         // paging is allowed, the CurrentPageIndex property must be updated
         // programmatically. This process is usually accomplished in the
         // event-handling method for the PageIndexChanged event.

         // Set CurrentPageIndex to the page the user clicked.
         MyDataGrid.CurrentPageIndex = e.NewPageIndex;

         // Calculate the index of the first item to display on the page 
         // using the current page index and the page size.
         startIndex = MyDataGrid.CurrentPageIndex * MyDataGrid.PageSize;

         // Retrieve the segment of data to display on the page from the 
         // data source and bind it to the DataGrid control.
         BindGrid();

      }

      void BindGrid() 
      {

         MyDataGrid.DataSource = CreateDataSource();
         MyDataGrid.DataBind();

      }

   </script>

<head runat="server">
    <title> DataGrid Custom Paging Example </title>
</head>
<body>

   <form id="form1" runat="server">
 
      <h3> DataGrid Custom Paging Example </h3>

      <asp:DataGrid id="MyDataGrid" 
           AllowCustomPaging="True" 
           AllowPaging="True" 
           PageSize="10" 
           OnPageIndexChanged="MyDataGrid_Page" 
           runat="server">

         <HeaderStyle BackColor="Navy" 
                      ForeColor="White" 
                      Font-Bold="True" />

         <PagerStyle Mode="NumericPages" 
                     HorizontalAlign="Right" />

      </asp:DataGrid>

   </form>

</body>
</html>


Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

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