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CommandEventArgs Class

Provides data for the Command event.

System.Object
  System.EventArgs
    System.Web.UI.WebControls.CommandEventArgs
      More...

Namespace:  System.Web.UI.WebControls
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)

public class CommandEventArgs : EventArgs

The CommandEventArgs type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public methodCommandEventArgs(CommandEventArgs)Initializes a new instance of the CommandEventArgs class with another CommandEventArgs object.
Public methodCommandEventArgs(String, Object)Initializes a new instance of the CommandEventArgs class with the specified command name and argument.
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  NameDescription
Public propertyCommandArgumentGets the argument for the command.
Public propertyCommandNameGets the name of the command.
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  NameDescription
Public methodEquals(Object)Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodFinalizeAllows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetHashCodeServes as the default hash function. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodMemberwiseCloneCreates a shallow copy of the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodToStringReturns a string that represents the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
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The Command event is raised when a Button or ImageButton control is clicked.

The CommandEventArgs object contains data about the Command event that can be accessed in the event handler. Using the properties available in the CommandEventArgs class, you can determine the name of the command to perform, such as Sort, in addition to an optional argument that supplements the command, such as Ascending.

For a list of initial property values for an instance of CommandEventArgs, see the CommandEventArgs constructor.

For more information about handling events, see Consuming Events.

The following example demonstrates how to access the properties in CommandEventArgs to determine the command to perform. This example specifies the event handler declaratively, using the OnClick property of the Button control.

<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="True" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
    <title>Button CommandName Example</title>
<script runat="server">

      void CommandBtn_Click(Object sender, CommandEventArgs e) 
      {

         switch(e.CommandName)
         {

            case "Sort":

               // Call the method to sort the list.
               Sort_List((String)e.CommandArgument);
               break;

            case "Submit":

               // Display a message for the Submit button being clicked.
               Message.Text = "You clicked the Submit button";

               // Test whether the command argument is an empty string ("").
               if((String)e.CommandArgument == "")
               {
                  // End the message.
                  Message.Text += ".";
               }
               else
               {
                  // Display an error message for the command argument. 
                  Message.Text += ", however the command argument is not recogized.";
               }                
               break;

            default:

               // The command name is not recognized. Display an error message.
               Message.Text = "Command name not recogized.";
               break; 

         }

      }

      void Sort_List(string commandArgument)
      {

         switch(commandArgument)
         {

            case "Ascending":

               // Insert code to sort the list in ascending order here.
               Message.Text = "You clicked the Sort Ascending button.";
               break;

            case "Descending":

               // Insert code to sort the list in descending order here.
               Message.Text = "You clicked the Sort Descending button.";
               break;

            default:

               // The command argument is not recognized. Display an error message.
               Message.Text = "Command argument not recogized.";
               break;

         }

      }

   </script>

</head>

<body>

   <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>Button CommandName Example</h3>

      Click on one of the command buttons.

      <br /><br />

      <asp:Button id="Button1"
           Text="Sort Ascending"
           CommandName="Sort"
           CommandArgument="Ascending"
           OnCommand="CommandBtn_Click" 
           runat="server"/>

      &nbsp;

      <asp:Button id="Button2"
           Text="Sort Descending"
           CommandName="Sort"
           CommandArgument="Descending"
           OnCommand="CommandBtn_Click" 
           runat="server"/>

      <br /><br />

      <asp:Button id="Button3"
           Text="Submit"
           CommandName="Submit"
           OnCommand="CommandBtn_Click" 
           runat="server"/>

      &nbsp;

      <asp:Button id="Button4"
           Text="Unknown Command Name"
           CommandName="UnknownName"
           CommandArgument="UnknownArgument"
           OnCommand="CommandBtn_Click" 
           runat="server"/>

      &nbsp;

      <asp:Button id="Button5"
           Text="Submit Unknown Command Argument"
           CommandName="Submit"
           CommandArgument="UnknownArgument"
           OnCommand="CommandBtn_Click" 
           runat="server"/>

      <br /><br />

      <asp:Label id="Message" runat="server"/>

   </form>

</body>
</html>

The following code example demonstrates how to specify the event handler and programmatically add it to the event in the Page_Load method.

<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="True" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
    <title>Button CommandName Example</title>
<script runat="server">

      void CommandBtn_Click(Object sender, CommandEventArgs e) 
      {

         switch(e.CommandName)
         {

            case "Sort":

               // Call the method to sort the list.
               Sort_List((String)e.CommandArgument);
               break;

            case "Submit":

               // Display a message for the Submit button being clicked.
               Message.Text = "You clicked the <b>Submit</b> button";

               // Test whether the Command Argument is an empty string ("").
               if((String)e.CommandArgument == "")
               {
                  // End the message.
                  Message.Text += ".";
               }
               else
               {
                  // Display an error message for the command argument. 
                  Message.Text += ", but the command argument is not recogized.";
               }                
               break;

            default:

               // The command name is not recognized. Display an error message.
               Message.Text = "Command name not recogized.";
               break; 

         }

      }

      void Sort_List(string commandArgument)
      {

         switch(commandArgument)
         {

            case "Ascending":

               // Insert code to sort the list in ascending order here.
               Message.Text = "You clicked the <b>Sort Ascending</b> button.";
               break;

            case "Descending":

               // Insert code to sort the list in descending order here.
               Message.Text = "You clicked the <b>Sort Descending</b> button.";
               break;

            default:

               // The command argument is not recognized. Display an error message.
               Message.Text = "Command argument not recogized.";
               break;

         }

      }

      void Page_Load(Object sender, EventArgs e)
      {

         // Manually register the event-handling method for the Command  
         // event of the Button controls.
         Button1.Command += new CommandEventHandler(this.CommandBtn_Click);
         Button2.Command += new CommandEventHandler(this.CommandBtn_Click);
         Button3.Command += new CommandEventHandler(this.CommandBtn_Click);
         Button4.Command += new CommandEventHandler(this.CommandBtn_Click);
         Button5.Command += new CommandEventHandler(this.CommandBtn_Click);

      }

   </script>

</head>

<body>

   <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>Button CommandName Example</h3>

      Click one of the command buttons.

      <br /><br />

      <asp:Button id="Button1"
           Text="Sort Ascending"
           CommandName="Sort"
           CommandArgument="Ascending"
           runat="server"/>

      &nbsp;

      <asp:Button id="Button2"
           Text="Sort Descending"
           CommandName="Sort"
           CommandArgument="Descending"
           runat="server"/>

      <br /><br />

      <asp:Button id="Button3"
           Text="Submit"
           CommandName="Submit"
           runat="server"/>

      &nbsp;

      <asp:Button id="Button4"
           Text="Unknown Command Name"
           CommandName="UnknownName"
           CommandArgument="UnknownArgument"
           runat="server"/>

      &nbsp;

      <asp:Button id="Button5"
           Text="Submit Unknown Command Argument"
           CommandName="Submit"
           CommandArgument="UnknownArgument"
           runat="server"/>

      <br /><br />

      <asp:Label id="Message" runat="server"/>

   </form>

</body>
</html>

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

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