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TemplateControl Class

Provides the Page class and the UserControl class with a base set of functionality.

Namespace:  System.Web.UI
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)
public abstract class TemplateControl : Control, 
	INamingContainer, IFilterResolutionService
<asp:TemplateControl />

The TemplateControl type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Protected methodTemplateControlInitializes a new instance of the TemplateControl class.
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  NameDescription
Protected propertyAdapterGets the browser-specific adapter for the control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyAppRelativeTemplateSourceDirectoryGets or sets the application-relative virtual directory of the Page or UserControl object that contains this control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyAppRelativeVirtualPathGets or sets the application-relative, virtual directory path to the file from which the control is parsed and compiled.
Protected propertyAutoHandlersInfrastructure. Obsolete. The AutoHandlers property has been deprecated in ASP.NET NET 2.0. It is used by generated classes and is not intended for use within your code.
Public propertyBindingContainerInfrastructure. Gets the control that contains this control's data binding. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyChildControlsCreatedGets a value that indicates whether the server control's child controls have been created. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyClientIDGets the control ID for HTML markup that is generated by ASP.NET. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyClientIDModeGets or sets the algorithm that is used to generate the value of the ClientID property. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyClientIDSeparatorGets a character value representing the separator character used in the ClientID property. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyContextGets the HttpContext object associated with the server control for the current Web request. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyControlsGets a ControlCollection object that represents the child controls for a specified server control in the UI hierarchy. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyDataItemContainerGets a reference to the naming container if the naming container implements IDataItemContainer. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyDataKeysContainerGets a reference to the naming container if the naming container implements IDataKeysControl. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyDesignModeGets a value indicating whether a control is being used on a design surface. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyEnableThemingGets or sets a Boolean value indicating whether themes apply to the control that is derived from the TemplateControl class. (Overrides Control.EnableTheming.)
Public propertyEnableViewStateGets or sets a value indicating whether the server control persists its view state, and the view state of any child controls it contains, to the requesting client. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyEventsGets a list of event handler delegates for the control. This property is read-only. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyHasChildViewStateGets a value indicating whether the current server control's child controls have any saved view-state settings. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyIDGets or sets the programmatic identifier assigned to the server control. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyIdSeparatorInfrastructure. Gets the character used to separate control identifiers. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyIsChildControlStateClearedGets a value indicating whether controls contained within this control have control state. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyIsTrackingViewStateGets a value that indicates whether the server control is saving changes to its view state. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyIsViewStateEnabledGets a value indicating whether view state is enabled for this control. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyLoadViewStateByIDGets a value indicating whether the control participates in loading its view state by ID instead of index. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyNamingContainerGets a reference to the server control's naming container, which creates a unique namespace for differentiating between server controls with the same Control.ID property value. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyPageGets a reference to the Page instance that contains the server control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyParentGets a reference to the server control's parent control in the page control hierarchy. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyRenderingCompatibilityGets a value that specifies the ASP.NET version that rendered HTML will be compatible with. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertySiteGets information about the container that hosts the current control when rendered on a design surface. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertySkinIDGets or sets the skin to apply to the control. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertySupportAutoEventsInfrastructure. Gets a value indicating whether the TemplateControl control supports automatic events.
Public propertyTemplateControlGets or sets a reference to the template that contains this control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyTemplateSourceDirectoryGets the virtual directory of the Page or UserControl that contains the current server control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyUniqueIDGets the unique, hierarchically qualified identifier for the server control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyValidateRequestModeGets or sets a value that indicates whether the control checks client input from the browser for potentially dangerous values. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyViewStateGets a dictionary of state information that allows you to save and restore the view state of a server control across multiple requests for the same page. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyViewStateIgnoresCaseGets a value that indicates whether the StateBag object is case-insensitive. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyViewStateModeGets or sets the view-state mode of this control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyVisibleGets or sets a value that indicates whether a server control is rendered as UI on the page. (Inherited from Control.)
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  NameDescription
Protected methodAddedControlCalled after a child control is added to the Controls collection of the Control object. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodAddParsedSubObjectNotifies the server control that an element, either XML or HTML, was parsed, and adds the element to the server control's ControlCollection object. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodApplyStyleSheetSkinApplies the style properties defined in the page style sheet to the control. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodBeginRenderTracingBegins design-time tracing of rendering data. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodBuildProfileTreeInfrastructure. Gathers information about the server control and delivers it to the Trace property to be displayed when tracing is enabled for the page. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodClearCachedClientIDInfrastructure. Sets the cached ClientID value to null. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodClearChildControlStateDeletes the control-state information for the server control's child controls. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodClearChildStateDeletes the view-state and control-state information for all the server control's child controls. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodClearChildViewStateDeletes the view-state information for all the server control's child controls. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodClearEffectiveClientIDModeInfrastructure. Sets the ClientIDMode property of the current control instance and of any child controls to Inherit. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodConstructPerforms design-time logic.
Protected methodCreateChildControlsCalled by the ASP.NET page framework to notify server controls that use composition-based implementation to create any child controls they contain in preparation for posting back or rendering. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodCreateControlCollectionCreates a new ControlCollection object to hold the child controls (both literal and server) of the server control. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodCreateResourceBasedLiteralControlInfrastructure. Accesses literal strings stored in a resource. The CreateResourceBasedLiteralControl method is not intended for use from within your code.
Public methodDataBind()Binds a data source to the invoked server control and all its child controls. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodDataBind(Boolean)Binds a data source to the invoked server control and all its child controls with an option to raise the DataBinding event. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodDataBindChildrenBinds a data source to the server control's child controls. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodDisposeEnables a server control to perform final clean up before it is released from memory. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodEndRenderTracingEnds design-time tracing of rendering data. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodEnsureChildControlsDetermines whether the server control contains child controls. If it does not, it creates child controls. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodEnsureIDCreates an identifier for controls that do not have an identifier assigned. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodEquals(Object)Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodEval(String)Evaluates a data-binding expression.
Protected methodEval(String, String)Evaluates a data-binding expression using the specified format string to display the result.
Protected methodFinalizeAllows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodFindControl(String)Searches the current naming container for a server control with the specified id parameter. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodFindControl(String, Int32)Infrastructure. Searches the current naming container for a server control with the specified id and an integer, specified in the pathOffset parameter, which aids in the search. You should not override this version of the FindControl method. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodFocusSets input focus to a control. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodFrameworkInitializeInfrastructure. Initializes the control that is derived from the TemplateControl class.
Protected methodGetDesignModeStateInfrastructure. Gets design-time data for a control. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodGetGlobalResourceObject(String, String)Gets an application-level resource object based on the specified ClassKey and ResourceKey properties.
Protected methodGetGlobalResourceObject(String, String, Type, String)Gets an application-level resource object based on the specified ClassKey and ResourceKey properties, object type, and property name of the resource.
Public methodGetHashCodeServes as the default hash function. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodGetLocalResourceObject(String)Gets a page-level resource object based on the specified ResourceKey property.
Protected methodGetLocalResourceObject(String, Type, String)Gets a page-level resource object based on the specified ResourceKey property, object type, and property name.
Public methodGetRouteUrl(Object)Gets the URL that corresponds to a set of route parameters. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodGetRouteUrl(RouteValueDictionary)Gets the URL that corresponds to a set of route parameters. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodGetRouteUrl(String, Object)Gets the URL that corresponds to a set of route parameters and a route name. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodGetRouteUrl(String, RouteValueDictionary)Gets the URL that corresponds to a set of route parameters and a route name. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetUniqueIDRelativeToReturns the prefixed portion of the UniqueID property of the specified control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodHasControlsDetermines if the server control contains any child controls. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodHasEventsReturns a value indicating whether events are registered for the control or any child controls. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodIsLiteralContentInfrastructure. Determines if the server control holds only literal content. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodLoadControl(String)Loads a Control object from a file based on a specified virtual path.
Public methodLoadControl(Type, Object[])Loads a Control object based on a specified type and constructor parameters.
Protected methodLoadControlStateRestores control-state information from a previous page request that was saved by the SaveControlState method. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodLoadTemplateObtains an instance of the ITemplate interface from an external file.
Protected methodLoadViewStateRestores view-state information from a previous page request that was saved by the SaveViewState method. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodMapPathSecureRetrieves the physical path that a virtual path, either absolute or relative, maps to. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodMemberwiseCloneCreates a shallow copy of the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodOnAbortTransactionRaises the AbortTransaction event.
Protected methodOnBubbleEventDetermines whether the event for the server control is passed up the page's UI server control hierarchy. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodOnCommitTransactionRaises the CommitTransaction event.
Protected methodOnDataBindingRaises the DataBinding event. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodOnErrorRaises the Error event.
Protected methodOnInitRaises the Init event. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodOnLoadRaises the Load event. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodOnPreRenderRaises the PreRender event. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodOnUnloadRaises the Unload event. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodOpenFileGets a Stream used to read a file. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodParseControl(String)Parses an input string into a Control object on the Web Forms page or user control.
Public methodParseControl(String, Boolean)Parses an input string into a Control object on the ASP.NET Web page or user control.
Protected methodRaiseBubbleEventAssigns any sources of the event and its information to the control's parent. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodReadStringResource()Infrastructure. Reads a string resource. The ReadStringResource method is not intended for use from within your code.
Public methodStatic memberReadStringResource(Type)Infrastructure. Reads a string resource. The ReadStringResource method is not intended for use from within your code.
Protected methodRemovedControlCalled after a child control is removed from the Controls collection of the Control object. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodRenderSends server control content to a provided HtmlTextWriter object, which writes the content to be rendered on the client. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodRenderChildrenOutputs the content of a server control's children to a provided HtmlTextWriter object, which writes the content to be rendered on the client. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodRenderControl(HtmlTextWriter)Outputs server control content to a provided HtmlTextWriter object and stores tracing information about the control if tracing is enabled. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodRenderControl(HtmlTextWriter, ControlAdapter)Outputs server control content to a provided HtmlTextWriter object using a provided ControlAdapter object. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodResolveAdapterGets the control adapter responsible for rendering the specified control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodResolveClientUrlGets a URL that can be used by the browser. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodResolveUrlConverts a URL into one that is usable on the requesting client. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodSaveControlStateSaves any server control state changes that have occurred since the time the page was posted back to the server. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodSaveViewStateSaves any server control view-state changes that have occurred since the time the page was posted back to the server. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodSetDesignModeStateSets design-time data for a control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodSetRenderMethodDelegateInfrastructure. Assigns an event handler delegate to render the server control and its content into its parent control. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodSetStringResourcePointerInfrastructure. Sets a pointer to a string resource. The SetStringResourcePointer method is used by generated classes and is not intended for use from within your code.
Public methodSetTraceData(Object, Object)Sets trace data for design-time tracing of rendering data, using the trace data key and the trace data value. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodSetTraceData(Object, Object, Object)Sets trace data for design-time tracing of rendering data, using the traced object, the trace data key, and the trace data value. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodTestDeviceFilterReturns a Boolean value indicating whether a device filter applies to the HTTP request.
Public methodToStringReturns a string that represents the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodTrackViewStateCauses tracking of view-state changes to the server control so they can be stored in the server control's StateBag object. This object is accessible through the Control.ViewState property. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodWriteUTF8ResourceStringInfrastructure. Writes a resource string to an HtmlTextWriter control. The WriteUTF8ResourceString method is used by generated classes and is not intended for use from within your code.
Protected methodXPath(String)Evaluates an XPath data-binding expression.
Protected methodXPath(String, String)Evaluates an XPath data-binding expression using the specified format string to display the result.
Protected methodXPath(String, IXmlNamespaceResolver)Evaluates an XPath data-binding expression using the specified prefix and namespace mappings for namespace resolution.
Protected methodXPath(String, String, IXmlNamespaceResolver)Evaluates an XPath data-binding expression using the specified prefix and namespace mappings for namespace resolution and the specified format string to display the result.
Protected methodXPathSelect(String)Evaluates an XPath data-binding expression and returns a node collection that implements the IEnumerable interface.
Protected methodXPathSelect(String, IXmlNamespaceResolver)Evaluates an XPath data-binding expression using the specified prefix and namespace mappings for namespace resolution and returns a node collection that implements the IEnumerable interface.
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  NameDescription
Public eventAbortTransactionOccurs when a user ends a transaction.
Public eventCommitTransactionOccurs when a transaction completes.
Public eventDataBindingOccurs when the server control binds to a data source. (Inherited from Control.)
Public eventDisposedOccurs when a server control is released from memory, which is the last stage of the server control lifecycle when an ASP.NET page is requested. (Inherited from Control.)
Public eventErrorOccurs when an unhandled exception is thrown.
Public eventInitOccurs when the server control is initialized, which is the first step in its lifecycle. (Inherited from Control.)
Public eventLoadOccurs when the server control is loaded into the Page object. (Inherited from Control.)
Public eventPreRenderOccurs after the Control object is loaded but prior to rendering. (Inherited from Control.)
Public eventUnloadOccurs when the server control is unloaded from memory. (Inherited from Control.)
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  NameDescription
Public Extension MethodEnableDynamicData(Type)Overloaded. Enables Dynamic Data behavior for the specified data control. (Defined by DataControlExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodEnableDynamicData(Type, Object)Overloaded. Enables Dynamic Data behavior for the specified data control. (Defined by DataControlExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodEnableDynamicData(Type, IDictionary<String, Object>)Overloaded. Enables Dynamic Data behavior for the specified data control. (Defined by DataControlExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodFindDataSourceControlReturns the data source that is associated with the data control for the specified control. (Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodFindFieldTemplateReturns the field template for the specified column in the specified control's naming container. (Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodFindMetaTableReturns the metatable object for the containing data control. (Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodGetDefaultValuesGets the collection of the default values for the specified data control. (Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodGetMetaTableGets the table metadata for the specified data control. (Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodSetMetaTable(MetaTable)Overloaded. Sets the table metadata for the specified data control. (Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodSetMetaTable(MetaTable, IDictionary<String, Object>)Overloaded. Sets the table metadata and default value mapping for the specified data control. (Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodSetMetaTable(MetaTable, Object)Overloaded. Sets the table metadata and default value mapping for the specified data control. (Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodTryGetMetaTableDetermines whether table metadata is available. (Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)
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  NameDescription
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate propertyIControlBuilderAccessor.ControlBuilderFor a description of this member, see IControlBuilderAccessor.ControlBuilder. (Inherited from Control.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIControlDesignerAccessor.GetDesignModeStateFor a description of this member, see IControlDesignerAccessor.GetDesignModeState. (Inherited from Control.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIControlDesignerAccessor.SetDesignModeStateFor a description of this member, see IControlDesignerAccessor.SetDesignModeState. (Inherited from Control.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIControlDesignerAccessor.SetOwnerControlInfrastructure. For a description of this member, see IControlDesignerAccessor.SetOwnerControl. (Inherited from Control.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate propertyIControlDesignerAccessor.UserDataFor a description of this member, see IControlDesignerAccessor.UserData. (Inherited from Control.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate propertyIDataBindingsAccessor.DataBindingsFor a description of this member, see IDataBindingsAccessor.DataBindings. (Inherited from Control.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate propertyIDataBindingsAccessor.HasDataBindingsFor a description of this member, see IDataBindingsAccessor.HasDataBindings. (Inherited from Control.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate propertyIExpressionsAccessor.ExpressionsFor a description of this member, see IExpressionsAccessor.Expressions. (Inherited from Control.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate propertyIExpressionsAccessor.HasExpressionsFor a description of this member, see IExpressionsAccessor.HasExpressions. (Inherited from Control.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIFilterResolutionService.CompareFiltersInfrastructure. Returns a value that indicates whether a parent/child relationship exists between two specified device filters.
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIFilterResolutionService.EvaluateFilterInfrastructure. Returns a value that indicates whether the specified filter is a type of the current filter object.
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIParserAccessor.AddParsedSubObjectFor a description of this member, see IParserAccessor.AddParsedSubObject. (Inherited from Control.)
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The TemplateControl class is an abstract class that provides common properties and methods for the Page class and the UserControl class. A new instance of the TemplateControl is not created directly.

The TemplateControl class defines methods supporting declarative data-binding expressions:

  • Use the Eval method for data-binding expression involving data sources, such as simple properties or expressions.

  • Use the XPath method for parsing and evaluating an XPath data-binding expression.

  • Use the XPathSelect method for data-binding against an expression containing an XPath select statement. The result is a node collection that implements the IEnumerable interface.

For more information on data-binding expression, see Data-Binding Expression Syntax and Binding to Databases.

The following code example demonstrates how to derive a control named MyControl from the TemplateControl class and override the Construct method. When MyControl is initialized, the overridden Construct method is called.

using System;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Security.Permissions;

// The custom user control class.
[AspNetHostingPermission(SecurityAction.Demand,
   Level = AspNetHostingPermissionLevel.Minimal)]
public class MyControl : UserControl
{
    // Create a Message property and accessors. 
    private string _message = "No message";

    public string Message
    {
        get { return _message; }
        set { _message = value; }
    }

    // Create an event for this user control 
    public event System.EventHandler myControl;

    // Override the default constructor. 
    protected override void Construct()
    {
        // Specify the handler for the OnInit method. 
        this.myControl += new EventHandler(MyInit);
    }

    protected override void OnInit(EventArgs e)
    {
        myControl(this, e);
        Response.Write("The OnInit() method is used to raise the Init event.");
    }

    // Use the MyInit handler to set the Message property 
    void MyInit(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
    {
        Message = "Hello World!";
    }

    // Render the value of the Message property 
    protected override void Render(HtmlTextWriter writer)
    {
        writer.Write("<br>Message :" + Message);
    }
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.
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