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SqlRoleProvider.AddUsersToRoles Method

Adds the specified user names to each of the specified roles.

Namespace:  System.Web.Security
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)

'Declaration
Public Overrides Sub AddUsersToRoles ( _
	usernames As String(), _
	roleNames As String() _
)

Parameters

usernames
Type: System.String()

A string array of user names to be added to the specified roles.

roleNames
Type: System.String()

A string array of role names to add the specified user names to.

ExceptionCondition
System.ArgumentNullException

One of the roles in roleNames is Nothing.

-or-

One of the users in usernames is Nothing.

System.ArgumentException

One of the roles in roleNames is an empty string or contains a comma.

-or-

One of the users in usernames is an empty string or contains a comma.

-or-

One of the roles in roleNames is longer than 256 characters.

-or-

One of the users in usernames is longer than 256 characters.

-or-

roleNames contains a duplicate element.

-or-

usernames contains a duplicate element.

System.Configuration.Provider.ProviderException

One or more of the specified role names was not found.

-or-

One or more of the specified user names was not found.

-or-

One or more of the specified user names is already associated with one or more of the specified role names.

-or-

An unknown error occurred while communicating with the database.

The AddUsersToRoles method is called by the Roles class to associate one or more users with one or more roles in the SQL Server database specified in the ASP.NET application's configuration file (Web.config). This method is called by the AddUserToRole, AddUserToRoles, AddUsersToRole, and AddUsersToRoles methods of the Roles class.

The database updates that are performed during the call to the AddUsersToRoles method are made within a transaction. If an error is encountered, such as a user name that is already in a specified role, the transaction is rolled back and no updates are performed.

If the SqlRoleProvider is being used with the SqlMembershipProvider, and one of the specified user names does not exist in the database, the user name will be automatically added to the database.

User names and role names cannot contain commas.

The following code example adds one or more users to a role or removes a user from a role. For an example of a Web.config file that enables role management, see SqlRoleProvider.


<%@ Page Language="VB" %>

<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.Security" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.UI" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  Dim rolesArray() As String
  Dim users As MembershipUserCollection
  Dim usersInRole() As String

  Public Sub Page_Load()

    Msg.Text = ""

    If Not IsPostBack Then
      ' Bind roles to ListBox.

      rolesArray = Roles.GetAllRoles()
      RolesListBox.DataSource = rolesArray
      RolesListBox.DataBind()

      ' Bind users to ListBox.

      users = Membership.GetAllUsers()
      UsersListBox.DataSource = users
      UsersListBox.DataBind()
    End If

    If Not RolesListBox.SelectedItem Is Nothing Then
      ' Show users in role. Bind user list to GridView.

      usersInRole = Roles.GetUsersInRole(RolesListBox.SelectedItem.Value)
      UsersInRoleGrid.DataSource = usersInRole
      UsersInRoleGrid.DataBind()
    End If

  End Sub


  Public Sub AddUsers_OnClick(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal args As EventArgs)

    ' Verify that a role is selected.

    If RolesListBox.SelectedItem Is Nothing Then
      Msg.Text = "Please select a role."
      Return
    End If


    ' Verify that at least one user is selected.

    If UsersListBox.SelectedItem Is Nothing Then
      Msg.Text = "Please select one or more users."
      Return
    End If


    ' Create list of users to be added to the selected role.

    Dim newusers(UsersListBox.GetSelectedIndices().Length - 1) As String

    For i As Integer = 0 To newusers.Length - 1
      newusers(i) = UsersListBox.Items(UsersListBox.GetSelectedIndices(i)).Value
    Next


    ' Add the users to the selected role.

    Try
      Roles.AddUsersToRole(newusers, RolesListBox.SelectedItem.Value)

      ' Re-bind users in role to GridView.

      usersInRole = Roles.GetUsersInRole(RolesListBox.SelectedItem.Value)
      UsersInRoleGrid.DataSource = usersInRole
      UsersInRoleGrid.DataBind()
    Catch e As Exception
      Msg.Text = e.Message
    End Try

  End Sub


  Public Sub UsersInRoleGrid_RemoveFromRole(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal args As GridViewCommandEventArgs)

    ' Get the selected user name to remove.

    Dim index As Integer = Convert.ToInt32(args.CommandArgument)

    Dim username As String = (CType(UsersInRoleGrid.Rows(index).Cells(0).Controls(0), DataBoundLiteralControl)).Text


    ' Remove the user from the selected role.

    Try
      Roles.RemoveUserFromRole(username, RolesListBox.SelectedItem.Value)
    Catch e As Exception
      Msg.Text = "An exception of type " & e.GetType().ToString() & _
                 " was encountered removing the user from the role."
    End Try

    ' Re-bind users in role to GridView.

    usersInRole = Roles.GetUsersInRole(RolesListBox.SelectedItem.Value)
    UsersInRoleGrid.DataSource = usersInRole
    UsersInRoleGrid.DataBind()

  End Sub



</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
  <title>Sample: Role Membership</title>
</head>
<body>
  <form runat="server" id="PageForm">
    <h3>
      Role Membership</h3>
    <asp:Label ID="Msg" ForeColor="maroon" runat="server" /><br />
    <table cellpadding="3" border="0">
      <tr>
        <td valign="top">
          Roles:</td>
        <td valign="top">
          <asp:ListBox ID="RolesListBox" runat="server" Rows="8" AutoPostBack="true" /></td>
        <td valign="top">
          Users:</td>
        <td valign="top">
          <asp:ListBox ID="UsersListBox" DataTextField="Username" Rows="8" SelectionMode="Multiple"
            runat="server" /></td>
        <td valign="top">
          <asp:Button Text="Add User(s) to Role" ID="AddUsersButton" runat="server" OnClick="AddUsers_OnClick" /></td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <td valign="top">
          Users In Role:</td>
        <td valign="top">
          <asp:GridView runat="server" CellPadding="4" ID="UsersInRoleGrid" AutoGenerateColumns="false"
            GridLines="None" CellSpacing="0" OnRowCommand="UsersInRoleGrid_RemoveFromRole">
            <HeaderStyle BackColor="navy" ForeColor="white" />
            <Columns>
              <asp:TemplateField HeaderText="User Name" >
                <ItemTemplate>
                  <%# Container.DataItem.ToString() %>
                </ItemTemplate>
              </asp:TemplateField>
              <asp:ButtonField Text="Remove From Role" ButtonType="Link" />
            </Columns>
          </asp:GridView>
        </td>
      </tr>
    </table>
  </form>
</body>
</html>

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.2, 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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