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SqlMembershipProvider.GetNumberOfUsersOnline Method

Returns the number of users currently accessing the application.

Namespace: System.Web.Security
Assembly: System.Web (in system.web.dll)

public override int GetNumberOfUsersOnline ()
public int GetNumberOfUsersOnline ()
public override function GetNumberOfUsersOnline () : int
Not applicable.

Return Value

The number of users currently accessing the application.

This method is called by the Membership class to retrieve the number of users considered online from the SQL Server database specified in the ASP.NET application's configuration file (Web.config).

GetNumberOfUsersOnline returns the number of users of the current application whose last activity date and time is greater than the current date and time less the value of the UserIsOnlineTimeWindow property in minutes.

Only users associated with the configured ApplicationName are included in the count.

The following code example returns a list of users with a count of the users currently online.

NoteNote:

This example uses the Membership class to call the SqlMembershipProvider specified as the defaultProvider in the Web.config file. If you need to access the default provider as the type SqlMembershipProvider, you can cast the Provider property of the Membership class. To access other configured providers as a specific provider type, you can access them by their configured name with the Providers property of the Membership class and cast them as the specific provider type.

<%@ Page Language="C#" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.Security" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

int pageSize = 5;
int totalUsers;
int totalPages;
int currentPage = 0;

public void Page_Load()
{
  if (!IsPostBack)
  {
    GetUsers();
  }
}

private void GetUsers()
{
  UsersOnlineLabel.Text = Membership.GetNumberOfUsersOnline().ToString();

  UserGrid.DataSource = Membership.GetAllUsers(currentPage, pageSize, out totalUsers);
  totalPages = ((totalUsers - 1) / pageSize) + 1;

  // Ensure that we do not navigate past the last page of users.

  if (currentPage > totalPages)
  {
    currentPage = totalPages;
    GetUsers();
    return;
  }

  UserGrid.DataBind();
  CurrentPageLabel.Text = currentPage.ToString();
  TotalPagesLabel.Text = totalPages.ToString();

  if (currentPage == totalPages)
    NextButton.Visible = false;
  else
    NextButton.Visible = true;

  if (currentPage == 1)
    PreviousButton.Visible = false;
  else
    PreviousButton.Visible = true;

  if (totalUsers <= 0)
    NavigationPanel.Visible = false;
  else
    NavigationPanel.Visible = true;
}

public void NextButton_OnClick(object sender, EventArgs args)
{
  currentPage = Convert.ToInt32(CurrentPageLabel.Text);
  currentPage++;
  GetUsers();
}

public void PreviousButton_OnClick(object sender, EventArgs args)
{
  currentPage = Convert.ToInt32(CurrentPageLabel.Text);
  currentPage--;
  GetUsers();
}

</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
<title>Sample: Find Users</title>
</head>
<body>

<form id="form1" runat="server">
  <h3>User List</h3>

  Number of Users Online: <asp:Label id="UsersOnlineLabel" runat="Server" /><br />

  <asp:Panel id="NavigationPanel" Visible="false" runat="server">
    <table border="0" cellpadding="3" cellspacing="3">
      <tr>
        <td style="width:100">Page <asp:Label id="CurrentPageLabel" runat="server" />
            of <asp:Label id="TotalPagesLabel" runat="server" /></td>
        <td style="width:60"><asp:LinkButton id="PreviousButton" Text="< Prev"
                            OnClick="PreviousButton_OnClick" runat="server" /></td>
        <td style="width:60"><asp:LinkButton id="NextButton" Text="Next >"
                            OnClick="NextButton_OnClick" runat="server" /></td>
      </tr>
    </table>
  </asp:Panel>

  <asp:DataGrid id="UserGrid" runat="server"
                CellPadding="2" CellSpacing="1"
                Gridlines="Both">
    <HeaderStyle BackColor="darkblue" ForeColor="white" />
  </asp:DataGrid>

</form>

</body>
</html>

Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0

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