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Roles.CreateRole Method

Adds a new role to the data source.

Namespace:  System.Web.Security
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)

public static void CreateRole(
	string roleName
)

Parameters

roleName
Type: System.String

The name of the role to create.

ExceptionCondition
System.ArgumentNullException

roleName is null.

System.ArgumentException

roleName is an empty string.

-or-

roleName contains a comma.

System.Configuration.Provider.ProviderException

Role management is not enabled.

The CreateRole method adds a role name to the data source. CreateRole calls the CreateRole method of the default role provider to add the specified role to the data source.

NoteNote

Role names cannot contain commas.

The following code example creates a new role in the data source. For an example of a Web.config file that enables role management, see Roles.

Security noteSecurity Note

This example contains a text box that accepts user input, which is a potential security threat. By default, ASP.NET Web pages validate that user input does not include script or HTML elements. For more information, see Script Exploits Overview.

<%@ Page Language="C#" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.Security" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

string[] rolesArray;

public void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs args)
{
  if (!IsPostBack)
  {
    // Bind roles to GridView.

    rolesArray = Roles.GetAllRoles();
    RolesGrid.DataSource = rolesArray;
    RolesGrid.DataBind();
  }
}

public void CreateRole_OnClick(object sender, EventArgs args)
{
  string createRole = RoleTextBox.Text;

  try
  {
    if (Roles.RoleExists(createRole))
    {
      Msg.Text = "Role '" + Server.HtmlEncode(createRole) + "' already exists. Please specify a different role name.";
      return;
    }

    Roles.CreateRole(createRole);

    Msg.Text = "Role '" + Server.HtmlEncode(createRole) + "' created.";

    // Re-bind roles to GridView.

    rolesArray = Roles.GetAllRoles();
    RolesGrid.DataSource = rolesArray;
    RolesGrid.DataBind();
  }
  catch (Exception e)
  {
    Msg.Text = "Role '" + Server.HtmlEncode(createRole) + "' <u>not</u> created.";
    Response.Write(e.ToString());
  }

}

</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
<title>Sample: Create Role</title>
</head>
<body>

<form runat="server" id="PageForm">
  <h3>Create a Role</h3>

  <asp:Label id="Msg" ForeColor="maroon" runat="server" /><br />

  Role name: 

  <asp:TextBox id="RoleTextBox" runat="server" />

  <asp:Button Text="Create Role" id="CreateRoleButton"
              runat="server" OnClick="CreateRole_OnClick" />

  <br />

  <asp:GridView runat="server" CellPadding="2" id="RolesGrid" 
                Gridlines="Both" CellSpacing="2" AutoGenerateColumns="false" >
    <HeaderStyle BackColor="navy" ForeColor="white" />
    <Columns>
      <asp:TemplateField HeaderText="Roles" >
        <ItemTemplate>
          <%# Container.DataItem.ToString() %>
        </ItemTemplate>
      </asp:TemplateField>
    </Columns>
   </asp:GridView>
</form>

</body>
</html>

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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