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Roles.AddUserToRoles Method

Adds the specified user to the specified roles.

Namespace: System.Web.Security
Assembly: System.Web (in system.web.dll)

public static void AddUserToRoles (
	string username,
	string[] roleNames
)
public static void AddUserToRoles (
	String username, 
	String[] roleNames
)
public static function AddUserToRoles (
	username : String, 
	roleNames : String[]
)
Not applicable.

Parameters

username

The user name to add to the specified roles.

roleNames

A string array of roles to add the specified user name to.

Exception typeCondition

System.ArgumentNullException

One of the roles in roleNames is a null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic).

-or-

username is a null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic).

System.ArgumentException

One of the roles in roleNames is an empty string or contains a comma (,).

-or-

username is an empty string or contains a comma (,).

-or-

roleNames contains a duplicate element.

System.Configuration.Provider.ProviderException

Role management is not enabled.

The AddUserToRoles method calls the default role provider to associate the specified user with the specified roles at the data source.

If your application uses the SqlRoleProvider class, the database updates that are performed during the call to the AddUserToRoles method are made within a transaction. If an error is encountered, such as a user name that is already in a specified role, the transaction is rolled back and no updates are performed.

NoteNote:

User names and role names cannot contain commas.

The following code example adds a user to one or more roles. For an example of a Web.config file that enables role management, see Roles.

<%@ Page Language="C#" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.Security" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.UI" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

string[] rolesArray;
MembershipUserCollection users;

public void Page_Load()
{
  Msg.Text = "";

  if (!IsPostBack)
  {
    // Bind roles to ListBox.

    rolesArray = Roles.GetAllRoles();
    RolesListBox.DataSource = rolesArray;
    RolesListBox.DataBind();

    // Bind users to ListBox.

    users = Membership.GetAllUsers();
    UsersListBox.DataSource = users;
    UsersListBox.DataBind();
  }
}


public void AddUser_OnClick(object sender, EventArgs args)
{
  // Verify that a user and at least one role is selected.

  if (UsersListBox.SelectedItem == null)
  {
    Msg.Text = "Please select a user.";
    return;
  } 

  int[] role_indices = RolesListBox.GetSelectedIndices();

  if (role_indices.Length == 0)
  {
    Msg.Text = "Please select one or more roles.";
    return;
  }


  // Create list of roles to be add the selected users to.

  string[] rolesList = new string[role_indices.Length];

  for (int i = 0; i < rolesList.Length; i++)
  {
    rolesList[i] = RolesListBox.Items[role_indices[i]].Value;
  }


  // Add the users to the selected role.

  try
  {
    Roles.AddUserToRoles(UsersListBox.SelectedItem.Value, rolesList);  
    Msg.Text = "User added to Role(s).";
  }
  catch (HttpException e)
  {
    Msg.Text = e.Message;
  } 
}

</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
<title>Sample: Role Membership</title>
</head>
<body>

<form runat="server" id="PageForm">
  <h3>Role Membership</h3>
  <asp:Label id="Msg" ForeColor="maroon" runat="server" /><br />
  <table cellpadding="3" border="0">
    <tr>
      <td valign="top">Roles:</td>
      <td valign="top"><asp:ListBox id="RolesListBox" runat="server" SelectionMode="Multiple"
                                    Rows="8" /></td>
      <td valign="top">Users:</td>
      <td valign="top"><asp:ListBox id="UsersListBox" DataTextField="Username" 
                                  Rows="8" runat="server" /></td>
      <td valign="top"><asp:Button Text="Add User to Role(s)" id="AddUserButton"
                                 runat="server" OnClick="AddUser_OnClick" /></td>
    </tr>
  </table>
</form>

</body>
</html>

Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0

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