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Roles.AddUsersToRole Method

Adds the specified users to the specified role.

Namespace: System.Web.Security
Assembly: System.Web (in system.web.dll)

public static void AddUsersToRole (
	string[] usernames,
	string roleName
)
public static void AddUsersToRole (
	String[] usernames, 
	String roleName
)
public static function AddUsersToRole (
	usernames : String[], 
	roleName : String
)
Not applicable.

Parameters

usernames

A string array of user names to add to the specified role.

roleName

The role to add the specified user names to.

Exception typeCondition

System.ArgumentNullException

roleName is a null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic).

-or-

One of the elements in usernames is a null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic).

System.ArgumentException

roleName is an empty string or contains a comma (,).

-or-

One of the elements in usernames is an empty string or contains a comma (,).

-or-

usernames contains a duplicate element.

System.Configuration.Provider.ProviderException

Role management is not enabled.

The AddUsersToRole method calls the default role provider to associate the specified users with the specified role at the data source.

If your application uses the SqlRoleProvider class, the database updates that are performed during the call to the AddUsersToRoles method are made within a transaction. If an error is encountered, such as a user name that is already in a specified role, the transaction is rolled back and no updates are performed.

NoteNote:

User names and role names cannot contain commas.

The following code example adds one or more users to a role or removes a user from a role based on user input. For an example of a Web.config file that enables role management, see Roles.


<%@ Page Language="C#" %>

<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.Security" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.UI" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  string[] rolesArray;
  MembershipUserCollection users;
  string[] usersInRole;

  public void Page_Load()
  {
    Msg.Text = "";

    if (!IsPostBack)
    {
      // Bind roles to ListBox.

      rolesArray = Roles.GetAllRoles();
      RolesListBox.DataSource = rolesArray;
      RolesListBox.DataBind();

      // Bind users to ListBox.

      users = Membership.GetAllUsers();
      UsersListBox.DataSource = users;
      UsersListBox.DataBind();
    }

    if (RolesListBox.SelectedItem != null)
    {
      // Show users in role. Bind user list to GridView.

      usersInRole = Roles.GetUsersInRole(RolesListBox.SelectedItem.Value);
      UsersInRoleGrid.DataSource = usersInRole;
      UsersInRoleGrid.DataBind();
    }
  }


  public void AddUsers_OnClick(object sender, EventArgs args)
  {
    // Verify that a role is selected.

    if (RolesListBox.SelectedItem == null)
    {
      Msg.Text = "Please select a role.";
      return;
    }


    // Verify that at least one user is selected.

    if (UsersListBox.SelectedItem == null)
    {
      Msg.Text = "Please select one or more users.";
      return;
    }


    // Create list of users to be added to the selected role.

    string[] newusers = new string[UsersListBox.GetSelectedIndices().Length];

    for (int i = 0; i < newusers.Length; i++)
    {
      newusers[i] = UsersListBox.Items[UsersListBox.GetSelectedIndices()[i]].Value;
    }


    // Add the users to the selected role.

    try
    {
      Roles.AddUsersToRole(newusers, RolesListBox.SelectedItem.Value);

      // Re-bind users in role to GridView.

      usersInRole = Roles.GetUsersInRole(RolesListBox.SelectedItem.Value);
      UsersInRoleGrid.DataSource = usersInRole;
      UsersInRoleGrid.DataBind();
    }
    catch (Exception e)
    {
      Msg.Text = e.Message;
    }
  }


  public void UsersInRoleGrid_RemoveFromRole(object sender, GridViewCommandEventArgs args)
  {
    // Get the selected user name to remove.

    int index = Convert.ToInt32(args.CommandArgument);

    string username = ((DataBoundLiteralControl)UsersInRoleGrid.Rows[index].Cells[0].Controls[0]).Text;


    // Remove the user from the selected role.

    try
    {
      Roles.RemoveUserFromRole(username, RolesListBox.SelectedItem.Value);
    }
    catch (Exception e)
    {
      Msg.Text = "An exception of type " + e.GetType().ToString() +
                 " was encountered removing the user from the role.";
    }


    // Re-bind users in role to GridView.

    usersInRole = Roles.GetUsersInRole(RolesListBox.SelectedItem.Value);
    UsersInRoleGrid.DataSource = usersInRole;
    UsersInRoleGrid.DataBind();
  }



</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
  <title>Sample: Role Membership</title>
</head>
<body>
  <form runat="server" id="PageForm">
    <h3>
      Role Membership</h3>
    <asp:Label ID="Msg" ForeColor="maroon" runat="server" /><br />
    <table cellpadding="3" border="0">
      <tr>
        <td valign="top">
          Roles:</td>
        <td valign="top">
          <asp:ListBox ID="RolesListBox" runat="server" Rows="8" AutoPostBack="true" /></td>
        <td valign="top">
          Users:</td>
        <td valign="top">
          <asp:ListBox ID="UsersListBox" DataTextField="Username" Rows="8" SelectionMode="Multiple"
            runat="server" /></td>
        <td valign="top">
          <asp:Button Text="Add User(s) to Role" ID="AddUsersButton" runat="server" OnClick="AddUsers_OnClick" /></td>
      </tr>
      <tr>
        <td valign="top">
          Users In Role:</td>
        <td valign="top">
          <asp:GridView runat="server" CellPadding="4" ID="UsersInRoleGrid" AutoGenerateColumns="false"
            GridLines="None" CellSpacing="0" OnRowCommand="UsersInRoleGrid_RemoveFromRole">
            <HeaderStyle BackColor="navy" ForeColor="white" />
            <Columns>
              <asp:TemplateField HeaderText="User Name" >
                <ItemTemplate>
                  <%# Container.DataItem.ToString() %>
                </ItemTemplate>
              </asp:TemplateField>
              <asp:ButtonField Text="Remove From Role" ButtonType="Link" />
            </Columns>
          </asp:GridView>
        </td>
      </tr>
    </table>
  </form>
</body>
</html>

Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0

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