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RoleProvider.AddUsersToRoles Method

Adds the specified user names to the specified roles for the configured applicationName.

Namespace:  System.Web.Security
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)

public abstract void AddUsersToRoles(
	string[] usernames,
	string[] roleNames
)

Parameters

usernames
Type: System.String[]

A string array of user names to be added to the specified roles.

roleNames
Type: System.String[]

A string array of the role names to add the specified user names to.

AddUsersToRoles is called by the Roles class to associate the specified users with the specified roles at the data source. Roles are added to the configured ApplicationName.

If any of the specified role names are not found for the configured applicationName, we recommend that your provider throw a ProviderException.

If any of the specified user names are not associated with any of the specified role names for the configured applicationName, we recommend that your provider throw a ProviderException.

If any of the specified user names is null or is an empty string, we recommend that your provider throw an exception.

If any of the specified role names is null or is an empty string, we recommend that your provider throw an exception.

If your data source supports transactions, we recommend that you include each add operation in a transaction and that you roll back the transaction and throw an exception if any add operation fails.

The following code example shows a sample implementation of the AddUsersToRoles method.

public override void AddUsersToRoles(string[]  usernames, string[] rolenames)
{
  foreach (string rolename in rolenames)
  {
    if (rolename == null || rolename == "")
      throw new ProviderException("Role name cannot be empty or null.");
    if (!RoleExists(rolename))
      throw new ProviderException("Role name not found.");
  }

  foreach (string username in usernames)
  {
    if (username == null || username == "")
      throw new ProviderException("User name cannot be empty or null.");
    if (username.Contains(","))
      throw new ArgumentException("User names cannot contain commas.");

    foreach (string rolename in rolenames)
    {
      if (IsUserInRole(username, rolename))
        throw new ProviderException("User is already in role.");
    }
  }


  OdbcConnection conn = new OdbcConnection(connectionString);
  OdbcCommand cmd = new OdbcCommand("INSERT INTO UsersInRoles "  +
                                    " (Username, Rolename, ApplicationName) " +
                                    " Values(?, ?, ?)", conn);

  OdbcParameter userParm = cmd.Parameters.Add("@Username", OdbcType.VarChar, 255);
  OdbcParameter roleParm = cmd.Parameters.Add("@Rolename", OdbcType.VarChar, 255);
  cmd.Parameters.Add("@ApplicationName", OdbcType.VarChar, 255).Value = ApplicationName;

  try
  {
    conn.Open();

    foreach (string username in usernames)
    {
      foreach (string rolename in rolenames)
      {
        userParm.Value = username;
        roleParm.Value = rolename;
        cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();
      }
    }
  }
  catch (OdbcException)
  {
    // Handle exception.
  }
  finally
  {
    conn.Close();      
  }
}

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

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