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MembershipUser.PasswordQuestion Property

Gets the password question for the membership user.

Namespace:  System.Web.Security
Assembly:  System.Web.ApplicationServices (in System.Web.ApplicationServices.dll)

public virtual string PasswordQuestion { get; }

Property Value

Type: System.String
The password question for the membership user.

If RequiresQuestionAndAnswer is true, then the password answer for a membership user must be supplied to the GetPassword and ResetPassword methods. The PasswordQuestion serves as a reminder to the membership user of what his or her password answer is. Once the membership user has supplied a password answer, the answer value can be supplied to the GetPassword or ResetPassword method.

The following code example resets a user's password if he or she supplies the appropriate password answer. The PasswordQuestion for the user is displayed as a reminder to the user of the password answer.

Security noteSecurity Note

This example contains a text box that accepts user input, which is a potential security threat. By default, ASP.NET Web pages validate that user input does not include script or HTML elements. For more information, see Script Exploits Overview.

<%@ Page Language="C#" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.Security" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

MembershipUser u;

public void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs args)
{
  if (!Membership.EnablePasswordReset)
  {
    FormsAuthentication.RedirectToLoginPage();
  }

  Msg.Text = "";

  if (!IsPostBack)
  {
    Msg.Text = "Please supply a username.";
  }
  else
  {
    VerifyUsername();
  }
}


public void VerifyUsername()
{
    u = Membership.GetUser(UsernameTextBox.Text, false);

    if (u == null)
    {
      Msg.Text = "Username " + Server.HtmlEncode(UsernameTextBox.Text) + " not found. Please check the value and re-enter.";

      QuestionLabel.Text = "";
      QuestionLabel.Enabled = false;
      AnswerTextBox.Enabled = false;
      ResetPasswordButton.Enabled = false;
    }
    else
    {
      QuestionLabel.Text = u.PasswordQuestion;
      QuestionLabel.Enabled = true;
      AnswerTextBox.Enabled = true;
      ResetPasswordButton.Enabled = true;
    }
}

public void ResetPassword_OnClick(object sender, EventArgs args)
{
  string newPassword;
  u = Membership.GetUser(UsernameTextBox.Text, false);

  if (u == null)
  { 
    Msg.Text = "Username " + Server.HtmlEncode(UsernameTextBox.Text) + " not found. Please check the value and re-enter.";
    return;
  }

  try
  {
    newPassword = u.ResetPassword(AnswerTextBox.Text);
  }
  catch (MembershipPasswordException e)
  {
    Msg.Text = "Invalid password answer. Please re-enter and try again.";
    return;
  }
  catch (Exception e)
  {
    Msg.Text = e.Message;
    return;
  }

  if (newPassword != null)
  {
    Msg.Text = "Password reset. Your new password is: " + Server.HtmlEncode(newPassword);
  }
  else
  {
    Msg.Text = "Password reset failed. Please re-enter your values and try again.";
  }
}


</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
<title>Sample: Reset Password</title>
</head>
<body>

<form id="form1" runat="server">
  <h3>Retrieve Password</h3>

  <asp:Label id="Msg" runat="server" ForeColor="maroon" /><br />

  Username: <asp:Textbox id="UsernameTextBox" Columns="30" runat="server" AutoPostBack="true" />
            <asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="UsernameRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                        ControlToValidate="UsernameTextBox" ForeColor="red"
                                        Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" /><br />

  Password Question: <b><asp:Label id="QuestionLabel" runat="server" /></b><br />

  Answer: <asp:TextBox id="AnswerTextBox" Columns="60" runat="server" Enabled="false" />
          <asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="AnswerRequiredValidator" runat="server"
                                      ControlToValidate="AnswerTextBox" ForeColor="red"
                                      Display="Static" ErrorMessage="Required" Enabled="false" /><br />

  <asp:Button id="ResetPasswordButton" Text="Reset Password" 
              OnClick="ResetPassword_OnClick" runat="server" Enabled="false" />

</form>

</body>
</html>

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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