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FormsAuthentication.Encrypt Method

Creates a string containing an encrypted forms-authentication ticket suitable for use in an HTTP cookie.

Namespace:  System.Web.Security
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)

'Declaration
Public Shared Function Encrypt ( _
	ticket As FormsAuthenticationTicket _
) As String

Parameters

ticket
Type: System.Web.Security.FormsAuthenticationTicket

The FormsAuthenticationTicket object with which to create the encrypted forms-authentication ticket.

Return Value

Type: System.String
A string containing an encrypted forms-authentication ticket.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

ticket is Nothing.

The following code example stores the result of the Encrypt method in a cookie by using the FormsCookieName property and redirects the user to the URL returned from the GetRedirectUrl method.

Security noteSecurity Note

This example contains a text box that accepts user input, which is a potential security threat. By default, ASP.NET Web pages validate that user input does not include script or HTML elements. For more information, see Script Exploits Overview.

<%@ Page Language="VB" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.Security" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  Private Sub Login_Click(sender As Object, e As EventArgs)

    ' Create a custom FormsAuthenticationTicket containing
    ' application specific data for the user.

        Dim username As String = UserNameTextBox.Text
        Dim password As String = UserPassTextBox.Text
        Dim isPersistent As Boolean = False

    If Membership.ValidateUser(username, password) Then

      Dim userData As String = "ApplicationSpecific data for this user."

      Dim ticket As FormsAuthenticationTicket = New FormsAuthenticationTicket(1, _
        username, _
        DateTime.Now, _
        DateTime.Now.AddMinutes(30), _
        isPersistent, _
        userData, _
        FormsAuthentication.FormsCookiePath)

      ' Encrypt the ticket.
      Dim encTicket As String = FormsAuthentication.Encrypt(ticket)

      ' Create the cookie.
      Response.Cookies.Add(New HttpCookie(FormsAuthentication.FormsCookieName, encTicket))

      ' Redirect back to original URL.
      Response.Redirect(FormsAuthentication.GetRedirectUrl(username, isPersistent))
    Else    
      Msg.Text = "Login failed. Please check your user name and password and try again."
    End If
  End Sub

</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
    <title>Forms Authentication Login</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        <span style="BACKGROUND:#80ff80; font-weight:bold"> 
          Login Page
        </span> 
        <asp:Label id="Msg" ForeColor="maroon" runat="server" /><br />
        <table border="0">
            <tbody>
                <tr>
                    <td>Username:</td>
                    <td><asp:TextBox id="UserNameTextBox" runat="server" /></td>
                    <td>
                      <asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="RequiredFieldValidator1" 
                                                  runat="server" ErrorMessage="*" 
                                                  Display="Static" 
                                                  ControlToValidate="UserNameTextBox" />
                    </td>
                </tr>
                <tr>
                    <td>Password:</td>
                    <td><asp:TextBox id="UserPassTextBox" TextMode="Password" runat="server" /></td>
                    <td>
                      <asp:RequiredFieldValidator id="RequiredFieldValidator2" 
                                                  runat="server" ErrorMessage="*" 
                                                  Display="Static" 
                                                  ControlToValidate="UserPassTextBox" />
                    </td>
                </tr>
            </tbody>
        </table>
        <input type="submit" value="Login" runat="server" onserverclick="Login_Click" />
    </form>
</body>
</html>

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.2, 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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