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CacheSection Class

Configures the global cache settings for an ASP.NET application. This class cannot be inherited.

Namespace:  System.Web.Configuration
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)

public sealed class CacheSection : ConfigurationSection

The CacheSection type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public methodCacheSectionInfrastructure. Initializes a new instance of the CacheSection class.
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  NameDescription
Public propertyCurrentConfigurationGets a reference to the top-level Configuration instance that represents the configuration hierarchy that the current ConfigurationElement instance belongs to. (Inherited from ConfigurationElement.)
Public propertyDisableExpirationGets or sets a value indicating whether the cache expiration is disabled.
Public propertyDisableMemoryCollectionGets or sets a value indicating whether the cache memory collection is disabled.
Public propertyElementInformationGets an ElementInformation object that contains the non-customizable information and functionality of the ConfigurationElement object. (Inherited from ConfigurationElement.)
Protected propertyElementPropertyGets the ConfigurationElementProperty object that represents the ConfigurationElement object itself. (Inherited from ConfigurationElement.)
Protected propertyItem[ConfigurationProperty]Gets or sets a property or attribute of this configuration element. (Inherited from ConfigurationElement.)
Protected propertyItem[String]Gets or sets a property, attribute, or child element of this configuration element. (Inherited from ConfigurationElement.)
Public propertyLockAllAttributesExceptGets the collection of locked attributes. (Inherited from ConfigurationElement.)
Public propertyLockAllElementsExceptGets the collection of locked elements. (Inherited from ConfigurationElement.)
Public propertyLockAttributesGets the collection of locked attributes (Inherited from ConfigurationElement.)
Public propertyLockElementsGets the collection of locked elements. (Inherited from ConfigurationElement.)
Public propertyLockItemGets or sets a value indicating whether the element is locked. (Inherited from ConfigurationElement.)
Public propertyPercentagePhysicalMemoryUsedLimitGets or sets a value indicating the maximum percentage of virtual memory usage.
Public propertyPrivateBytesLimitGets or sets a value indicating the maximum size of the working-process private space.
Public propertyPrivateBytesPollTimeGets or sets a value indicating the time interval between polling for the worker-process memory usage.
Protected propertyPropertiesGets the collection of properties. (Inherited from ConfigurationElement.)
Public propertySectionInformationGets a SectionInformation object that contains the non-customizable information and functionality of the ConfigurationSection object. (Inherited from ConfigurationSection.)
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  NameDescription
Protected methodDeserializeElementReads XML from the configuration file. (Inherited from ConfigurationElement.)
Protected methodDeserializeSectionInfrastructure. Reads XML from the configuration file. (Inherited from ConfigurationSection.)
Public methodEqualsCompares the current ConfigurationElement instance to the specified object. (Inherited from ConfigurationElement.)
Public methodGetHashCodeGets a unique value representing the current ConfigurationElement instance. (Inherited from ConfigurationElement.)
Protected methodGetRuntimeObjectReturns a custom object when overridden in a derived class. (Inherited from ConfigurationSection.)
Public methodGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodInitSets the ConfigurationElement object to its initial state. (Inherited from ConfigurationElement.)
Protected methodInitializeDefaultUsed to initialize a default set of values for the ConfigurationElement object. (Inherited from ConfigurationElement.)
Protected methodIsModifiedIndicates whether this configuration element has been modified since it was last saved or loaded when implemented in a derived class. (Inherited from ConfigurationSection.)
Public methodIsReadOnlyGets a value indicating whether the ConfigurationElement object is read-only. (Inherited from ConfigurationElement.)
Protected methodResetResets the internal state of the ConfigurationElement object, including the locks and the properties collections. (Inherited from ConfigurationElement.)
Protected methodResetModifiedResets the value of the IsModified method to false when implemented in a derived class. (Inherited from ConfigurationSection.)
Protected methodSerializeElementWrites the contents of this configuration element to the configuration file when implemented in a derived class. (Inherited from ConfigurationElement.)
Protected methodSerializeSectionInfrastructure. Creates an XML string containing an unmerged view of the ConfigurationSection object as a single section to write to a file. (Inherited from ConfigurationSection.)
Protected methodSerializeToXmlElementWrites the outer tags of this configuration element to the configuration file when implemented in a derived class. (Inherited from ConfigurationElement.)
Protected methodSetReadOnlySets the IsReadOnly property for the ConfigurationElement object and all subelements. (Inherited from ConfigurationElement.)
Protected methodShouldSerializeElementInTargetVersionIndicates whether the specified element should be serialized when the configuration object hierarchy is serialized for the specified target version of the .NET Framework. (Inherited from ConfigurationSection.)
Protected methodShouldSerializePropertyInTargetVersionIndicates whether the specified property should be serialized when the configuration object hierarchy is serialized for the specified target version of the .NET Framework. (Inherited from ConfigurationSection.)
Protected methodShouldSerializeSectionInTargetVersionIndicates whether the current ConfigurationSection instance should be serialized when the configuration object hierarchy is serialized for the specified target version of the .NET Framework. (Inherited from ConfigurationSection.)
Public methodToStringReturns a string that represents the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodUnmergeModifies the ConfigurationElement object to remove all values that should not be saved. (Inherited from ConfigurationElement.)
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The CacheSection class provides a way to programmatically access and modify the <cache> section of a configuration file.

The ASP.NET caching feature is implemented by the Cache class. For more information, see ASP.NET Caching.

NoteNote

The CacheSection can write information into the related section of the configuration file according to the restrictions defined by the section property AllowDefinition whose value is MachineToApplication. Any attempt to write in a configuration file at a level not allowed in the hierarchy will result in an error message generated by the parser. However, you can use this class to read configuration information at any level in the hierarchy.

A cache is an application-specific hash table used to store frequently accessed data. Application and session state are similar to the cache, the application state being the most similar, due to its application-wide scope. One of the biggest differences between the cache and the application-state mechanism is that the cache supports dependencies These dependencies make it possible to build applications that automatically remove cached items when certain events occur.

The following code example shows a page and the related code file used to access the CacheSection section attributes.

<%@ Page Language="VB" AutoEventWireup="false" CodeFile="ReadWriteCache.aspx.vb" Inherits="ReadWriteCache" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head id="Head1" runat="server">
    <title>Read Write Application Cache</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        <h2>Read Write Application Cache</h2>

        <asp:Label ID="Label1" Text="[Application Cache goes here.]" runat="server"></asp:Label>

        <hr />

        <asp:Button ID="Button1" runat="server" onclick="Button1_Click" Text="Write Cache" /> &nbsp; &nbsp;
        <asp:Button ID="Button2" runat="server" onclick="Button2_Click" Text="Read Cache" />
    </form>
</body>
</html>

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;

public partial class ReadWriteCache : System.Web.UI.Page
{
    protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        if (!IsPostBack)
            Label1.Text = "Application Cache goes here.";

    }

    protected void Button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        // Get the application configuration file.
        System.Configuration.Configuration config =
          System.Web.Configuration.WebConfigurationManager.OpenWebConfiguration("~/");


        System.Web.Configuration.CacheSection cacheSection =
            (System.Web.Configuration.CacheSection)config.GetSection(
                "system.web/caching/cache");

        // Increase the PrivateBytesLimit property to 0.
        cacheSection.PrivateBytesLimit = 
            cacheSection.PrivateBytesLimit + 10;


        // Increase memory limit.
        cacheSection.PercentagePhysicalMemoryUsedLimit = 
            cacheSection.PercentagePhysicalMemoryUsedLimit + 1;

        // Increase poll time.
        cacheSection.PrivateBytesPollTime =
            cacheSection.PrivateBytesPollTime + TimeSpan.FromMinutes(1);


        // Enable or disable memory collection.
        cacheSection.DisableMemoryCollection = 
                !cacheSection.DisableMemoryCollection;

        // Enable or disable cache expiration.
        cacheSection.DisableExpiration =
            !cacheSection.DisableExpiration;

        // Save the configuration file.
        config.Save(System.Configuration.ConfigurationSaveMode.Modified);      

    }

    protected void Button2_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {

        // Get the application configuration file.
        System.Configuration.Configuration config =
          System.Web.Configuration.WebConfigurationManager.OpenWebConfiguration("~/");


        System.Web.Configuration.CacheSection cacheSection =
            (System.Web.Configuration.CacheSection)config.GetSection(
                "system.web/caching/cache");

        // Read the cache section.
        System.Text.StringBuilder buffer = new System.Text.StringBuilder();

        string currentFile = cacheSection.CurrentConfiguration.FilePath;
        bool dExpiration = cacheSection.DisableExpiration;
        bool dMemCollection = cacheSection.DisableMemoryCollection;
        TimeSpan pollTime = cacheSection.PrivateBytesPollTime;
        int phMemUse = cacheSection.PercentagePhysicalMemoryUsedLimit;
        long pvBytesLimit = cacheSection.PrivateBytesLimit;

        string cacheEntry = String.Format("File: {0} <br/>", currentFile);
        buffer.Append(cacheEntry);
        cacheEntry = String.Format("Expiration Disabled: {0} <br/>", dExpiration);
        buffer.Append(cacheEntry);
        cacheEntry = String.Format("Memory Collection Disabled: {0} <br/>", dMemCollection);
        buffer.Append(cacheEntry);
        cacheEntry = String.Format("Poll Time: {0} <br/>", pollTime.ToString());
        buffer.Append(cacheEntry);
        cacheEntry = String.Format("Memory Limit: {0} <br/>", phMemUse.ToString());
        buffer.Append(cacheEntry);
        cacheEntry = String.Format("Bytes Limit: {0} <br/>", pvBytesLimit.ToString());
        buffer.Append(cacheEntry);

        Label1.Text = buffer.ToString();
    }
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.
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