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Type.MakeByRefType Method

Returns a Type object that represents the current type when passed as a ref parameter (ByRef parameter in Visual Basic).

Namespace:  System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)
'Declaration
Public Overridable Function MakeByRefType As Type

Return Value

Type: System.Type
A Type object that represents the current type when passed as a ref parameter (ByRef parameter in Visual Basic).
ExceptionCondition
NotSupportedException

The invoked method is not supported in the base class.

TypeLoadException

The current type is TypedReference.

-or-

The current type is a ByRef type. That is, Type.IsByRef returns true.

The MakeByRefType method provides a way to generate ref types (ByRef in Visual Basic) for parameter lists.

Using the syntax of Microsoft intermediate language (MSIL), if the current Type object represents Int32, this method returns a Type object representing Int32&.

The following code example creates array, ref (ByRef in Visual Basic), and pointer types for the Test class.

Imports System
Imports System.Reflection
Imports Microsoft.VisualBasic

Public Class Example
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        ' Create a Type object that represents a one-dimensional 
        ' array of Example objects. 
        Dim t As Type = GetType(Example).MakeArrayType()
        Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & "Array of Example: " & t.ToString())

        ' Create a Type object that represents a two-dimensional 
        ' array of Example objects.
        t = GetType(Example).MakeArrayType(2)
        Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & "Two-dimensional array of Example: " & t.ToString())

        ' Demonstrate an exception when an invalid array rank is 
        ' specified. 
        Try
            t = GetType(Example).MakeArrayType(-1)
        Catch ex As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & ex.ToString())
        End Try 

        ' Create a Type object that represents a ByRef parameter 
        ' of type Example.
        t = GetType(Example).MakeByRefType()
        Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & "ByRef Example: " & t.ToString())

        ' Get a Type object representing the Example class, a 
        ' MethodInfo representing the "Test" method, a ParameterInfo 
        ' representing the parameter of type Example, and finally 
        ' a Type object representing the type of this ByRef parameter. 
        ' Compare this Type object with the Type object created using 
        ' MakeByRefType. 
        Dim t2 As Type = GetType(Example)
        Dim mi As MethodInfo = t2.GetMethod("Test")
        Dim pi As ParameterInfo = mi.GetParameters()(0)
        Dim pt As Type = pi.ParameterType
        Console.WriteLine("Are the ByRef types equal? " & (t Is pt))

        ' Create a Type object that represents a pointer to an 
        ' Example object.
        t = GetType(Example).MakePointerType()
        Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & "Pointer to Example: " & t.ToString())
    End Sub 

    ' A sample method with a ByRef parameter. 
    
    Public Sub Test(ByRef e As Example)
    End Sub 
End Class 

' This example produces output similar to the following: 

'Array of Example: Example[] 

'Two-dimensional array of Example: Example[,] 

'System.IndexOutOfRangeException: Index was outside the bounds of the array. 
'   at System.RuntimeType.MakeArrayType(Int32 rank) in c:\vbl\ndp\clr\src\BCL\System\RtType.cs:line 2999 
'   at Example.Main() 

'ByRef Example: Example& 
'Are the ByRef types equal? True 

'Pointer to Example: Example*

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

.NET for Windows Store apps

Supported in: Windows 8

.NET for Windows Phone apps

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Silverlight 8.1

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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