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Type.GetDefaultMembers Method

Searches for the members defined for the current Type whose DefaultMemberAttribute is set.

Namespace: System
Assembly: mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public virtual MemberInfo[] GetDefaultMembers ()
public MemberInfo[] GetDefaultMembers ()
public function GetDefaultMembers () : MemberInfo[]

Return Value

An array of MemberInfo objects representing all default members of the current Type. -or- An empty array of type MemberInfo, if the current Type does not have default members.

This method can be overridden by a derived class.

Members include properties, methods, fields, events, and so on.

The following table shows what members of a base class are returned by the Get methods when reflecting on a type.

Member Type

Static

Non-Static

Constructor

No

No

Field

No

Yes. A field is always hide-by-name-and-signature.

Event

Not applicable

The common type system rule is that the inheritance is the same as that of the methods that implement the property. Reflection treats properties as hide-by-name-and-signature. See note 2 below.

Method

No

Yes. A method (both virtual and non-virtual) can be hide-by-name or hide-by-name-and-signature.

Nested Type

No

No

Property

Not applicable

The common type system rule is that the inheritance is the same as that of the methods that implement the property. Reflection treats properties as hide-by-name-and-signature. See note 2 below.

  1. Hide-by-name-and-signature considers all of the parts of the signature, including custom modifiers, return types, parameter types, sentinels, and unmanaged calling conventions. This is a binary comparison.

  2. For reflection, properties and events are hide-by-name-and-signature. If you have a property with both a get and a set accessor in the base class, but the derived class has only a get accessor, the derived class property hides the base class property, and you will not be able to access the setter on the base class.

  3. Custom attributes are not part of the common type system.

If the current Type represents a constructed generic type, this method returns the MemberInfo objects with the type parameters replaced by the appropriate type arguments. For example, if class C<T> has a property P that returns T, calling GetDefaultMembers on C<int> returns int P in C# (Property P As Integer in Visual Basic).

If the current Type represents a type parameter in the definition of a generic type or generic method, this method searches the members of the class constraint, or the members of Object if there is no class constraint.

The following example obtains the default member information of MyClass and displays the default members.


using System;
using System.Reflection;
using System.IO;

[DefaultMemberAttribute("Age")]   
public class MyClass
{
    public void Name(String s) {}
    public int Age
    {
        get
        {
            return 20;
        }
    }
    public static void Main()
    {
        try
        {
            Type  myType = typeof(MyClass);
            MemberInfo[] memberInfoArray = myType.GetDefaultMembers();
            if (memberInfoArray.Length > 0)
            {
                foreach(MemberInfo memberInfoObj in memberInfoArray)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("The default member name is: " + memberInfoObj.ToString());
                }
            }
            else
            {
                Console.WriteLine("No default members are available."); 
            }
        }
        catch(InvalidOperationException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("InvalidOperationException: " + e.Message);
        }
        catch(IOException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("IOException: " + e.Message);
        }
        catch(Exception e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Exception: " + e.Message);
        }
    }
}

import System.*;
import System.Reflection.*;
import System.IO.*;

/** @attribute DefaultMemberAttribute("Age")
 */
public class MyClass
{
    public void Name(String s)
    {
    } //Name

    /** @property 
     */
    public int get_Age()
    {
        return 20;
    } //get_Age

    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        try {
            Type myType = MyClass.class.ToType();
            MemberInfo memberInfoArray[] = myType.GetDefaultMembers();
            if (memberInfoArray.length > 0) {
                for (int iCtr = 0; iCtr < memberInfoArray.length; iCtr++) {
                    MemberInfo memberInfoObj = memberInfoArray[iCtr];
                    Console.WriteLine("The default member name is: "
                        + memberInfoObj.ToString());
                }
            }
            else {
                Console.WriteLine("No default members are available.");
            }
        }
        catch (InvalidOperationException e) {
            Console.WriteLine("InvalidOperationException: " + e.get_Message());
        }
        catch (IOException e) {
            Console.WriteLine("IOException: " + e.get_Message());
        }
        catch (System.Exception e) {
            Console.WriteLine("Exception: " + e.get_Message());
        }
    } //main
} //MyClass

Windows 98, Windows 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.0

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