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TimeSpan.Subtract Method

Returns a new TimeSpan object whose value is the difference between the specified TimeSpan object and this instance.

Namespace:  System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public TimeSpan Subtract(
	TimeSpan ts
)

Parameters

ts
Type: System.TimeSpan

The time interval to be subtracted.

Return Value

Type: System.TimeSpan
A new time interval whose value is the result of the value of this instance minus the value of ts.

ExceptionCondition
OverflowException

The return value is less than TimeSpan.MinValue or greater than TimeSpan.MaxValue.

The return value must be between TimeSpan.MinValue and TimeSpan.MaxValue; otherwise, an exception is thrown.

The return value is a new TimeSpan; the original TimeSpan is not modified.

The following example creates several pairs of TimeSpan objects and calculates their difference with the Subtract method.

// Example of the TimeSpan.Add( ) and TimeSpan.Subtract( ) methods. 
using System;

class TimeSpanAddSubDemo
{
    const string dataFmt = "{0,-24}{1,24}" ;

    // Pad the end of a TimeSpan string with spaces if it does not  
    // contain milliseconds. 
    static string Align( TimeSpan interval )
    {
        string  intervalStr = interval.ToString( );
        int     pointIndex = intervalStr.IndexOf( ':' );

        pointIndex = intervalStr.IndexOf( '.', pointIndex );
        if( pointIndex < 0 ) intervalStr += "        ";
        return intervalStr;
    } 

    // Display TimeSpan parameters and their sum and difference. 
    static void ShowTimeSpanSumDiff( TimeSpan Left, TimeSpan Right )
    {
        Console.WriteLine( );
        Console.WriteLine( dataFmt, "TimeSpan Left", Align( Left ) );
        Console.WriteLine( dataFmt, "TimeSpan Right", Align( Right ) );
        Console.WriteLine( dataFmt, "Left.Add( Right )", 
            Align( Left.Add( Right ) ) );
        Console.WriteLine( dataFmt, "Left.Subtract( Right )", 
            Align( Left.Subtract( Right ) ) );
    }

    static void Main( )
    {
        Console.WriteLine( 
            "This example of the TimeSpan.Add( ) and " +
            "TimeSpan.Subtract( ) \nmethods generates the " +
            "following output by creating several \npairs of " +
            "TimeSpan objects and calculating and displaying \n" +
            "the sum and difference of each." );

        // Create pairs of TimeSpan objects.
        ShowTimeSpanSumDiff( 
            new TimeSpan( 1, 20, 0 ), 
            new TimeSpan( 0, 45, 10 ) );
        ShowTimeSpanSumDiff( 
            new TimeSpan( 1, 10, 20, 30, 40 ), 
            new TimeSpan( -1, 2, 3, 4, 5 ) );
        ShowTimeSpanSumDiff( 
            new TimeSpan( 182, 12, 30, 30, 505 ), 
            new TimeSpan( 182, 11, 29, 29, 495 ) );
        ShowTimeSpanSumDiff( 
            new TimeSpan( 888888888888888 ), 
            new TimeSpan( 999999999999999 ) );
    } 
} 

/*
This example of the TimeSpan.Add( ) and TimeSpan.Subtract( )
methods generates the following output by creating several
pairs of TimeSpan objects and calculating and displaying
the sum and difference of each.

TimeSpan Left                   01:20:00
TimeSpan Right                  00:45:10
Left.Add( Right )               02:05:10
Left.Subtract( Right )          00:34:50

TimeSpan Left                 1.10:20:30.0400000
TimeSpan Right                 -21:56:55.9950000
Left.Add( Right )               12:23:34.0450000
Left.Subtract( Right )        2.08:17:26.0350000

TimeSpan Left               182.12:30:30.5050000
TimeSpan Right              182.11:29:29.4950000
Left.Add( Right )           365.00:00:00
Left.Subtract( Right )          01:01:01.0100000

TimeSpan Left              1028.19:21:28.8888888
TimeSpan Right             1157.09:46:39.9999999
Left.Add( Right )          2186.05:08:08.8888887
Left.Subtract( Right )     -128.14:25:11.1111111
*/

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.2, 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

.NET for Windows Store apps

Supported in: Windows 8

.NET for Windows Phone apps

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Silverlight 8.1

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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