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Timer.Enabled Property

Updated: May 2010

Gets or sets a value indicating whether the Timer should raise the Elapsed event.

Namespace:  System.Timers
Assembly:  System (in System.dll)
[TimersDescriptionAttribute("TimerEnabled")]
public bool Enabled { get; set; }

Property Value

Type: System.Boolean
true if the Timer should raise the Elapsed event; otherwise, false. The default is false.
ExceptionCondition
ObjectDisposedException

This property cannot be set because the timer has been disposed.

ArgumentException

The Interval property was set to a value greater than Int32.MaxValue before the timer was enabled.

Setting Enabled to true is the same as calling Start, while setting Enabled to false is the same as calling Stop.

NoteNote:

The signal to raise the Elapsed event is always queued for execution on a ThreadPool thread. This might result in the Elapsed event being raised after the Enabled property is set to false. The code example for the Stop method shows one way to work around this race condition.

If Enabled is set to true and AutoReset is set to false, the Timer raises the Elapsed event only once, the first time the interval elapses.

If the interval is set after the Timer has started, the count is reset. For example, if you set the interval to 5 seconds and then set the Enabled property to true, the count starts at the time Enabled is set. If you reset the interval to 10 seconds when count is 3 seconds, the Elapsed event is raised for the first time 13 seconds after Enabled was set to true.

NoteNote:

Some visual designers, such as those in Microsoft Visual Studio, set the Enabled property to true when inserting a new Timer.

The following code example sets up an event handler for the Timer.Elapsed event, creates a timer, and uses the Enabled event to start the timer. The event handler displays the SignalTime property each time it is raised.

using System;
using System.Timers;

public class Timer1
{
    private static System.Timers.Timer aTimer;

    public static void Main()
    {
        // Normally, the timer is declared at the class level, 
        // so that it stays in scope as long as it is needed. 
        // If the timer is declared in a long-running method,   
        // KeepAlive must be used to prevent the JIT compiler  
        // from allowing aggressive garbage collection to occur  
        // before the method ends. You can experiment with this 
        // by commenting out the class-level declaration and  
        // uncommenting the declaration below; then uncomment 
        // the GC.KeepAlive(aTimer) at the end of the method. 
        //System.Timers.Timer aTimer; 

        // Create a timer with a ten second interval.
        aTimer = new System.Timers.Timer(10000);

        // Hook up the Elapsed event for the timer.
        aTimer.Elapsed += new ElapsedEventHandler(OnTimedEvent);

        // Set the Interval to 2 seconds (2000 milliseconds).
        aTimer.Interval = 2000;
        aTimer.Enabled = true;

        Console.WriteLine("Press the Enter key to exit the program.");
        Console.ReadLine();

        // If the timer is declared in a long-running method, use 
        // KeepAlive to prevent garbage collection from occurring 
        // before the method ends. 
        //GC.KeepAlive(aTimer);
    }

    // Specify what you want to happen when the Elapsed event is  
    // raised. 
    private static void OnTimedEvent(object source, ElapsedEventArgs e)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("The Elapsed event was raised at {0}", e.SignalTime);
    }
}

/* This code example produces output similar to the following:

Press the Enter key to exit the program.
The Elapsed event was raised at 5/20/2007 8:42:27 PM
The Elapsed event was raised at 5/20/2007 8:42:29 PM
The Elapsed event was raised at 5/20/2007 8:42:31 PM
...
 */

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

Date

History

Reason

May 2010

Corrected an error in the previous update.

Content bug fix.

January 2010

Corrected the explanation for Elapsed events that occur after Enabled has been set to false.

Customer feedback.

March 2009

Added exception description, to explain interaction between Interval and Enabled properties.

Customer feedback.

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