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ThreadAbortException Class

The exception that is thrown when a call is made to the Abort method. This class cannot be inherited.

System.Object
  System.Exception
    System.SystemException
      System.Threading.ThreadAbortException

Namespace:  System.Threading
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)
[SerializableAttribute]
[ComVisibleAttribute(true)]
public sealed class ThreadAbortException : SystemException

The ThreadAbortException type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public propertyDataGets a collection of key/value pairs that provide additional user-defined information about the exception. (Inherited from Exception.)
Public propertySupported by the XNA FrameworkExceptionStateGets an object that contains application-specific information related to the thread abort.
Public propertyHelpLinkGets or sets a link to the help file associated with this exception. (Inherited from Exception.)
Protected propertySupported by the XNA FrameworkHResultGets or sets HRESULT, a coded numerical value that is assigned to a specific exception. (Inherited from Exception.)
Public propertySupported by the XNA FrameworkInnerExceptionGets the Exception instance that caused the current exception. (Inherited from Exception.)
Public propertySupported by the XNA FrameworkMessageGets a message that describes the current exception. (Inherited from Exception.)
Public propertySourceGets or sets the name of the application or the object that causes the error. (Inherited from Exception.)
Public propertySupported by the XNA FrameworkStackTraceGets a string representation of the immediate frames on the call stack. (Inherited from Exception.)
Public propertyTargetSiteGets the method that throws the current exception. (Inherited from Exception.)
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  NameDescription
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkEquals(Object)Determines whether the specified Object is equal to the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkFinalizeAllows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkGetBaseExceptionWhen overridden in a derived class, returns the Exception that is the root cause of one or more subsequent exceptions. (Inherited from Exception.)
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkGetHashCodeServes as a hash function for a particular type. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetObjectDataWhen overridden in a derived class, sets the SerializationInfo with information about the exception. (Inherited from Exception.)
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkGetTypeGets the runtime type of the current instance. (Inherited from Exception.)

In XNA Framework 3.0, this member is inherited from Object.GetType().
Protected methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkMemberwiseCloneCreates a shallow copy of the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkToStringCreates and returns a string representation of the current exception. (Inherited from Exception.)
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  NameDescription
Protected eventSerializeObjectStateOccurs when an exception is serialized to create an exception state object that contains serialized data about the exception. (Inherited from Exception.)
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When a call is made to the Abort method to destroy a thread, the common language runtime throws a ThreadAbortException. ThreadAbortException is a special exception that can be caught, but it will automatically be raised again at the end of the catch block. When this exception is raised, the runtime executes all the finally blocks before ending the thread. Because the thread can do an unbounded computation in the finally blocks or call Thread.ResetAbort to cancel the abort, there is no guarantee that the thread will ever end. If you want to wait until the aborted thread has ended, you can call the Thread.Join method. Join is a blocking call that does not return until the thread actually stops executing.

NoteNote

When the common language runtime (CLR) stops background threads after all foreground threads in a managed executable have ended, it does not use Thread.Abort. Therefore, you cannot use ThreadAbortException to detect when background threads are being terminated by the CLR.

ThreadAbortException uses the HRESULT COR_E_THREADABORTED, which has the value 0x80131530.

NoteNote

The value of the inherited Data property is always null.

The following example demonstrates aborting a thread. The thread that receives the ThreadAbortException uses the ResetAbort method to cancel the abort request and continue executing.


using System;
using System.Threading;
using System.Security.Permissions;

public class ThreadWork {
    public static void DoWork() {
        try {
            for(int i=0; i<100; i++) {
                Console.WriteLine("Thread - working."); 
                Thread.Sleep(100);
            }
        }
        catch(ThreadAbortException e) {
            Console.WriteLine("Thread - caught ThreadAbortException - resetting.");
            Console.WriteLine("Exception message: {0}", e.Message);
            Thread.ResetAbort();
        }
        Console.WriteLine("Thread - still alive and working."); 
        Thread.Sleep(1000);
        Console.WriteLine("Thread - finished working.");
    }
}

class ThreadAbortTest {
    public static void Main() {
        ThreadStart myThreadDelegate = new ThreadStart(ThreadWork.DoWork);
        Thread myThread = new Thread(myThreadDelegate);
        myThread.Start();
        Thread.Sleep(100);
        Console.WriteLine("Main - aborting my thread.");
        myThread.Abort();
        myThread.Join();
        Console.WriteLine("Main ending."); 
    }
}


This code produces the following output:

 Thread - working.
 Main - aborting my thread.
 Thread - caught ThreadAbortException - resetting.
 Exception message: Thread was being aborted.
 Thread - still alive and working.
 Thread - finished working.
 Main ending.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.
Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.
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