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String.IsInterned Method

Retrieves a reference to a specified String.

Namespace:  System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

'Declaration
<SecuritySafeCriticalAttribute> _
Public Shared Function IsInterned ( _
	str As String _
) As String

Parameters

str
Type: System.String
The string to search for in the intern pool.

Return Value

Type: System.String
A reference to str if it is in the common language runtime intern pool; otherwise, Nothing.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

str is Nothing.

The common language runtime automatically maintains a table, called the "intern pool", which contains a single instance of each unique literal string constant declared in a program, as well as any unique instance of String you add programmatically.

The intern pool conserves string storage. If you assign a literal string constant to several variables, each variable is set to reference the same constant in the intern pool instead of referencing several different instances of String that have identical values.

This method looks up str in the intern pool. If str has already been interned, a reference to that instance is returned; otherwise, Nothing is returned.

Important noteImportant Note:

This method does not return a Boolean value. If you call the method because you want a Boolean value that indicates whether a particular string is interned, you can use code such as the following.


Module Example
   Public Sub Demo(outputBlock As System.Windows.Controls.TextBlock)
      Dim str1 As String = "a"
      Dim str2 As String = str1 + "b"
      Dim str3 As String = str2 + "c"
      Dim strings() As String = { "value", "part1" + "_" + "part2", str3, 
                                  String.Empty, Nothing }
      For Each value In strings
         If value Is Nothing Then Continue For

         Dim interned As Boolean = (String.IsInterned(value) IsNot Nothing)
         If interned Then
            outputBlock.Text += String.Format("'{0}' is in the string intern pool.", 
                                              value) + vbCrLf
         Else
            outputBlock.Text += String.Format("'{0}' is not in the string intern pool.",
                                              value) + vbCrLf                      
         End If
      Next
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       'value' is in the string intern pool.
'       'part1_part2' is in the string intern pool.
'       'abc' is not in the string intern pool.
'       '' is in the string intern pool.


Compare this method to the Intern method.

The following code example demonstrates that literal strings are interned automatically by the compiler.


' Sample for String.IsInterned(String)
Imports System.Text
Imports System.Runtime.CompilerServices

' In the .NET Framework 2.0 the following attribute declaration allows you to 
' avoid the use of the interning when you use NGEN.exe to compile an assembly 
' to the native image cache.
<Assembly: CompilationRelaxations(CompilationRelaxations.NoStringInterning)> 
Class Example
   Public Shared Sub Demo(ByVal outputBlock As System.Windows.Controls.TextBlock)
      ' String str1 is known at compile time, and is automatically interned.
      Dim str1 As [String] = "abcd"

      ' Constructed string, str2, is not explicitly or automatically interned.
      Dim str2 As [String] = New StringBuilder().Append("wx").Append("yz").ToString()
      outputBlock.Text &= vbCrLf
      Test(outputBlock, 1, str1)
      Test(outputBlock, 2, str2)
   End Sub 'Main

   Public Shared Sub Test(ByVal outputBlock As System.Windows.Controls.TextBlock, ByVal sequence As Integer, ByVal str As [String])
      outputBlock.Text += String.Format("{0}) The string, '", sequence)
      Dim strInterned As [String] = [String].IsInterned(str)
      If strInterned Is Nothing Then
         outputBlock.Text += String.Format("{0}', is not interned.", str) & vbCrLf
      Else
         outputBlock.Text += String.Format("{0}', is interned.", strInterned) & vbCrLf
      End If
   End Sub 'Test
End Class 'Sample '

'This example produces the following results:

'1) The string, 'abcd', is interned.
'2) The string, 'wxyz', is not interned.

'If you use NGEN.exe to compile the assembly to the native image cache, this
'example produces the following results:

'1) The string, 'abcd', is not interned.
'2) The string, 'wxyz', is not interned.


Silverlight

Supported in: 5, 4, 3

Silverlight for Windows Phone

Supported in: Windows Phone OS 7.1, Windows Phone OS 7.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: Xbox 360, Windows Phone OS 7.0

For a list of the operating systems and browsers that are supported by Silverlight, see Supported Operating Systems and Browsers.

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