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Single Structure

July 28, 2014

Represents a single-precision floating-point number.

Namespace:  System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public struct Single : IComparable, IComparable<float>, 
	IConvertible, IEquatable<float>, IFormattable

The Single type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public methodCompareTo(Object)Compares this instance to a specified object and returns an integer that indicates whether the value of this instance is greater than, less than, or equal to the value of the specified object.
Public methodCompareTo(Single)Compares this instance to a specified single-precision floating-point number and returns an integer that indicates whether the value of this instance is greater than, less than, or equal to the value of the specified single-precision floating-point number.
Public methodEquals(Object)Returns a value indicating whether this instance is equal to a specified object. (Overrides ValueType.Equals(Object).)
Public methodEquals(Single)Returns a value indicating whether this instance and a specified Single object represent the same value.
Protected methodFinalizeAllows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before the Object is reclaimed by garbage collection. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetHashCodeReturns the hash code for this instance. (Overrides ValueType.GetHashCode().)
Public methodGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetTypeCodeReturns the TypeCode for value type Single.
Public methodStatic memberIsInfinityReturns a value indicating whether the specified number evaluates to negative or positive infinity.
Public methodStatic memberIsNaNReturns a value indicating whether the specified number evaluates to not a number (NaN).
Public methodStatic memberIsNegativeInfinityReturns a value indicating whether the specified number evaluates to negative infinity.
Public methodStatic memberIsPositiveInfinityReturns a value indicating whether the specified number evaluates to positive infinity.
Protected methodMemberwiseCloneCreates a shallow copy of the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodStatic memberParse(String)Converts the string representation of a number to its single-precision floating-point number equivalent.
Public methodStatic memberParse(String, NumberStyles)Converts the string representation of a number in a specified style to its single-precision floating-point number equivalent.
Public methodStatic memberParse(String, IFormatProvider)Converts the string representation of a number in a specified culture-specific format to its single-precision floating-point number equivalent.
Public methodStatic memberParse(String, NumberStyles, IFormatProvider)Converts the string representation of a number in a specified style and culture-specific format to its single-precision floating-point number equivalent.
Public methodToString()Converts the numeric value of this instance to its equivalent string representation. (Overrides ValueType.ToString().)
Public methodToString(IFormatProvider)Converts the numeric value of this instance to its equivalent string representation using the specified culture-specific format information.
Public methodToString(String)Converts the numeric value of this instance to its equivalent string representation, using the specified format.
Public methodToString(String, IFormatProvider)Converts the numeric value of this instance to its equivalent string representation using the specified format and culture-specific format information.
Public methodStatic memberTryParse(String, Single)Converts the string representation of a number to its single-precision floating-point number equivalent. A return code indicates whether the conversion succeeded or failed.
Public methodStatic memberTryParse(String, NumberStyles, IFormatProvider, Single)Converts the string representation of a number in a specified style and culture-specific format to its single-precision floating-point number equivalent. A return code indicates whether the conversion succeeded or failed.
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  NameDescription
Public operatorStatic memberEqualityReturns a value that indicates whether two specified Single values are equal.
Public operatorStatic memberGreaterThanReturns a value that indicates whether a specified Single value is greater than another specified Single value.
Public operatorStatic memberGreaterThanOrEqualReturns a value that indicates whether a specified Single value is greater than or equal to another specified Single value.
Public operatorStatic memberInequalityReturns a value that indicates whether two specified Single values are not equal.
Public operatorStatic memberLessThanReturns a value that indicates whether a specified Single value is less than another specified Single value.
Public operatorStatic memberLessThanOrEqualReturns a value that indicates whether a specified Single value is less than or equal to another specified Single value.
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  NameDescription
Public fieldStatic memberEpsilonRepresents the smallest positive Single value greater than zero. This field is constant.
Public fieldStatic memberMaxValueRepresents the largest possible value of Single. This field is constant.
Public fieldStatic memberMinValueRepresents the smallest possible value of Single. This field is constant.
Public fieldStatic memberNaNRepresents not a number (NaN). This field is constant.
Public fieldStatic memberNegativeInfinityRepresents negative infinity. This field is constant.
Public fieldStatic memberPositiveInfinityRepresents positive infinity. This field is constant.
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  NameDescription
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIConvertible.ToBooleanInfrastructure. For a description of this member, see IConvertible.ToBoolean.
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIConvertible.ToByteInfrastructure. For a description of this member, see IConvertible.ToByte.
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIConvertible.ToCharInfrastructure. This conversion is not supported. Attempting to use this method throws an InvalidCastException.
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIConvertible.ToDateTimeInfrastructure. This conversion is not supported. Attempting to use this method throws an InvalidCastException.
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIConvertible.ToDecimalInfrastructure. For a description of this member, see IConvertible.ToDecimal.
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIConvertible.ToDoubleInfrastructure. For a description of this member, see IConvertible.ToDouble.
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIConvertible.ToInt16Infrastructure. For a description of this member, see IConvertible.ToInt16.
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIConvertible.ToInt32Infrastructure. For a description of this member, see IConvertible.ToInt32.
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIConvertible.ToInt64Infrastructure. For a description of this member, see IConvertible.ToInt64.
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIConvertible.ToSByteInfrastructure. For a description of this member, see IConvertible.ToSByte.
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIConvertible.ToSingleInfrastructure. For a description of this member, see IConvertible.ToSingle.
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIConvertible.ToTypeInfrastructure. For a description of this member, see IConvertible.ToType.
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIConvertible.ToUInt16Infrastructure. For a description of this member, see IConvertible.ToUInt16.
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIConvertible.ToUInt32Infrastructure. For a description of this member, see IConvertible.ToUInt32.
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIConvertible.ToUInt64Infrastructure. For a description of this member, see IConvertible.ToUInt64.
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The Single value type represents a single-precision 32-bit number with values ranging from negative 3.402823e38 to positive 3.402823e38, as well as positive or negative zero, PositiveInfinity, NegativeInfinity, and not a number (NaN).

Single complies with the IEC 60559:1989 (IEEE 754) standard for binary floating-point arithmetic.

Single provides methods to compare instances of this type, convert the value of an instance to its string representation, and convert the string representation of a number to an instance of this type.

Using Floating-Point Numbers

When performing binary operations, if one of the operands is a floating-point type, Single or Double, then the other operand is required to be an integral type or a floating-point type. The operation is evaluated as follows:

  • If one of the operands is of an integral type, then that operand is converted to the floating-point type of the other operand.

  • Then, if either of the operands is Double, the other operand is converted to Double, and the operation is performed using at least the range and precision of the Double. For numeric operations, the type of the result is Double.

  • Otherwise, the operation is performed using at least the range and precision of the Single type and, for numeric operations, the type of the result is Single.

The floating-point operators, including the assignment operators, do not throw exceptions. Instead, in exceptional situations the result of a floating-point operation is zero, infinity, or NaN, as described below:

  • If the result of a floating-point operation is too small for the destination format, the result of the operation is zero.

  • If the magnitude of the result of a floating-point operation is too large for the destination format, the result of the operation is PositiveInfinity or NegativeInfinity, as appropriate for the sign of the result.

  • If a floating-point operation is invalid, the result of the operation is NaN.

  • If one or both operands of a floating-point operation are NaN, the result of the operation is NaN.

Floating-Point Values and Loss of Precision

Remember that a floating-point number can only approximate a decimal number, and that the precision of a floating-point number determines how accurately that number approximates a decimal number. By default, a Single value contains only 7 decimal digits of precision, although a maximum of 9 digits is maintained internally. The precision of a floating-point number has several consequences:

  • Two floating-point numbers that appear equal for a particular precision might not compare equal because their least significant digits are different.

  • A mathematical or comparison operation that uses a floating-point number might not yield the same result if a decimal number is used because the floating-point number might not exactly approximate the decimal number.

  • A value might not roundtrip if a floating-point number is involved. A value is said to roundtrip if an operation converts an original floating-point number to another form, an inverse operation transforms the converted form back to a floating-point number, and the final floating-point number is equal to the original floating-point number. The roundtrip might fail because one or more least significant digits are lost or changed in a conversion.

Interface Implementations

This type implements the interfaces IComparable, IComparable<T>, IFormattable, IConvertible, and IEquatable<T>. Use the Convert class for conversions instead of this type's explicit interface member implementation of IConvertible.

Windows Phone OS

Supported in: 8.1, 8.0, 7.1, 7.0

Windows Phone

All members of this type are thread safe. Members that appear to modify instance state actually return a new instance initialized with the new value. As with any other type, reading and writing to a shared variable that contains an instance of this type must be protected by a lock to guarantee thread safety.

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