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SessionMode Enumeration

Specifies the values available to indicate the support for reliable sessions that a contract requires or supports.

Namespace:  System.ServiceModel
Assembly:  System.ServiceModel (in System.ServiceModel.dll)

public enum SessionMode

Member nameDescription
AllowedSpecifies that the contract supports sessions if the incoming binding supports them.
NotAllowedSpecifies that the contract never supports bindings that initiate sessions.
RequiredSpecifies that the contract requires a sessionful binding. An exception is thrown if the binding is not configured to support session.

Use the SessionMode enumeration with the ServiceContractAttribute.SessionMode property to require, allow, or prohibit bindings to use sessions between endpoints that connect to or support the service contract. A session is a way of correlating a set of messages exchanged between two or more endpoints. For more information about sessions, see Using Sessions.

If your service supports sessions, you can then use the ServiceBehaviorAttribute.InstanceContextMode property to specify the relationship between instances of your service contract implementation and the channel session.

For example, if the SessionMode property is set to SessionMode.Allowed and the ServiceBehaviorAttribute.InstanceContextMode property is set to InstanceContextMode.PerSession, a client can use a binding that supports reliable sessions to make repeated calls to the same service object.

Because a session is a channel-level concept that the application model uses, there is an interaction between the SessionMode enumeration in a contract and the ServiceBehaviorAttribute.InstanceContextMode property, which controls the association between channels and specific service objects.

The following table shows the result of an incoming channel either supporting reliable sessions or not supporting reliable sessions given a service's combination of the values of the ServiceContractAttribute.SessionMode property and the ServiceBehaviorAttribute.InstanceContextMode property.

InstanceContextMode Value

Required

Allowed

NotAllowed

PerCall

PerSession

Single

  • Behavior with sessionful channel: An exception is thrown.

  • Behavior with sessionless channel: An System.ServiceModel.InstanceContext for each created singleton or for the user-specified singleton.

The following code example shows how to use the SessionMode property of the ServiceContractAttribute to specify that the IMyService service contract requires bindings that support session state.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.ServiceModel;
using System.Threading;

namespace Microsoft.WCF.Documentation
{
  [ServiceContract(
    Name = "SampleDuplexHello",
    Namespace = "http://microsoft.wcf.documentation",
    CallbackContract = typeof(IHelloCallbackContract),
    SessionMode = SessionMode.Required
  )]
  public interface IDuplexHello
  {
    [OperationContract(IsOneWay = true)]
    void Hello(string greeting);
  }

  public interface IHelloCallbackContract
  {
    [OperationContract(IsOneWay = true)]
    void Reply(string responseToGreeting);
  }

  [ServiceBehaviorAttribute(InstanceContextMode=InstanceContextMode.PerSession)]
  public class DuplexHello : IDuplexHello
  {

    public DuplexHello()
    {
      Console.WriteLine("Service object created: " + this.GetHashCode().ToString());
    }

    ~DuplexHello()
    {
      Console.WriteLine("Service object destroyed: " + this.GetHashCode().ToString());
    }

    public void Hello(string greeting)
    {
      Console.WriteLine("Caller sent: " + greeting);
      Console.WriteLine("Session ID: " + OperationContext.Current.SessionId);
      Console.WriteLine("Waiting two seconds before returning call.");
      // Put a slight delay to demonstrate asynchronous behavior on client.
      Thread.Sleep(2000);
      IHelloCallbackContract callerProxy
        = OperationContext.Current.GetCallbackChannel<IHelloCallbackContract>();
      string response = "Service object " + this.GetHashCode().ToString() + " received: " + greeting;
      Console.WriteLine("Sending back: " + response);
      callerProxy.Reply(response);
    }
  }
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.3, 4, 3.5, 3.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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