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OperationContextScope Class

Creates a block within which an OperationContext object is in scope.

Namespace: System.ServiceModel
Assembly: System.ServiceModel (in system.servicemodel.dll)

public sealed class OperationContextScope : IDisposable
public final class OperationContextScope implements IDisposable
public final class OperationContextScope implements IDisposable
Not applicable.

Use the OperationContextScope class to create a scope for a specific OperationContext object or a scope for a new OperationContext object using a specified IContextChannel object. An OperationContextScope can be used in a Windows Communication Foundation (WCF) service or WCF client application.

Once the OperationContextScope object has established the current operation context, you can use the OperationContext to:

  • Access and modify incoming and outgoing message headers and other properties.

  • Access the runtime, including dispatchers, the host, channel, and extensions.

  • Access other types of contexts, such as security, instance, and request contexts.

  • Access the channel associated with the OperationContext object or (if the channel implements System.ServiceModel.Channels.ISession) the associated channel's session identifier.

When an OperationContextScope is created, the current OperationContext is stored and the new OperationContext becomes the one returned by the Current property. When the OperationContextScope is disposed, the original OperationContext is restored.

The following example shows how to use the OperationContextScope to create a new context in a client application to add a custom header to the outgoing message.

using System;
using System.ServiceModel;
using System.ServiceModel.Channels;
using System.Threading;
 
public class Client : ISampleServiceCallback
{
  ManualResetEvent wait = null;

  Client()
  {
    this.wait = new ManualResetEvent(false);
  }

  public static void Main()
  {
    Client client = new Client();
    client.Run();
  }

  void Run()
  {
    // Picks up configuration from the config file.
    SampleServiceClient wcfClient = new SampleServiceClient(new InstanceContext(this));
    try
    {
      using (OperationContextScope scope = new OperationContextScope(wcfClient.InnerChannel))
      {
        MessageHeader header
          = MessageHeader.CreateHeader(
          "Service-Bound-CustomHeader",
          "http://Microsoft.WCF.Documentation",
          "Custom Happy Value."
          );
        OperationContext.Current.OutgoingMessageHeaders.Add(header);

        // Making calls.
        Console.WriteLine("Enter the greeting to send: ");
        string greeting = Console.ReadLine();

        //Console.ReadLine();
        header = MessageHeader.CreateHeader(
            "Service-Bound-OneWayHeader",
            "http://Microsoft.WCF.Documentation",
            "Different Happy Value."
          );
        OperationContext.Current.OutgoingMessageHeaders.Add(header);

        // One-way
        wcfClient.Push(greeting);
        this.wait.WaitOne();

        // Done with service. 
        wcfClient.Close();
        Console.WriteLine("Done!");
        Console.ReadLine();
      }
    }
    catch (TimeoutException timeProblem)
    {
      Console.WriteLine("The service operation timed out. " + timeProblem.Message);
      Console.ReadLine();
      wcfClient.Abort();
    }
    catch (CommunicationException commProblem)
    {
      Console.WriteLine("There was a communication problem. " + commProblem.Message);
      Console.ReadLine();
      wcfClient.Abort();
    }
  }


  #region ISampleServiceCallback Members

  public void PushBack(string msg)
  {
    Console.WriteLine("Service said: " + msg);
    this.WriteHeaders(OperationContext.Current.IncomingMessageHeaders);
    this.wait.Set();
  }

  void WriteHeaders(MessageHeaders headers)
  {
    Console.ForegroundColor = ConsoleColor.Red;
    Console.WriteLine("IncomingHeader:");
    Console.ForegroundColor = ConsoleColor.Blue;
    foreach (MessageHeaderInfo h in headers)
    {
      if (!h.Actor.Equals(String.Empty))
        Console.WriteLine("\t" + h.Actor);
      Console.ForegroundColor = ConsoleColor.White;
      Console.WriteLine("\t" + h.Name);
      Console.ForegroundColor = ConsoleColor.Blue;
      Console.WriteLine("\t" + h.Namespace);
      Console.WriteLine("\t" + h.Relay);
      if (h.IsReferenceParameter == true)
      {
        Console.WriteLine("IsReferenceParameter header detected: " + h.ToString());
      }
    }
    Console.ResetColor();
  }
  #endregion

}

System.Object
  System.ServiceModel.OperationContextScope
Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0
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