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MessageParameterAttribute Class

Controls the name of the request and response parameter names. Cannot be used with Message or message contracts.

System.Object
  System.Attribute
    System.ServiceModel.MessageParameterAttribute

Namespace:  System.ServiceModel
Assemblies:   System.ServiceModel (in System.ServiceModel.dll)
  System.ServiceModel.Primitives (in System.ServiceModel.Primitives.dll)

[AttributeUsageAttribute(AttributeTargets.Parameter|AttributeTargets.ReturnValue, Inherited = false)]
public sealed class MessageParameterAttribute : Attribute

The MessageParameterAttribute type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public methodSupported by Portable Class LibrarySupported in .NET for Windows Store appsMessageParameterAttributeInitializes a new instance of the MessageParameterAttribute class.
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  NameDescription
Public propertySupported by Portable Class LibrarySupported in .NET for Windows Store appsNameObtains or sets the name attribute of the parameter in the XML Schema (XSD).
Public propertyTypeIdWhen implemented in a derived class, gets a unique identifier for this Attribute. (Inherited from Attribute.)
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  NameDescription
Public methodSupported by Portable Class LibrarySupported in .NET for Windows Store appsEqualsInfrastructure. Returns a value that indicates whether this instance is equal to a specified object. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Public methodSupported by Portable Class LibrarySupported in .NET for Windows Store appsGetHashCodeReturns the hash code for this instance. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Public methodSupported by Portable Class LibrarySupported in .NET for Windows Store appsGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodIsDefaultAttributeWhen overridden in a derived class, indicates whether the value of this instance is the default value for the derived class. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Public methodMatchWhen overridden in a derived class, returns a value that indicates whether this instance equals a specified object. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Public methodSupported by Portable Class LibrarySupported in .NET for Windows Store appsToStringReturns a string that represents the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
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  NameDescription
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute.GetIDsOfNamesMaps a set of names to a corresponding set of dispatch identifiers. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute.GetTypeInfoRetrieves the type information for an object, which can be used to get the type information for an interface. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute.GetTypeInfoCountRetrieves the number of type information interfaces that an object provides (either 0 or 1). (Inherited from Attribute.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute.InvokeProvides access to properties and methods exposed by an object. (Inherited from Attribute.)
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Use the MessageParameterAttribute to control the name of the parameter or the return value. This attribute has no effect if the parameters are marked by the MessageContractAttribute attribute.

NoteNote

The value of the parameter names in the operation signature are part of the contract and are case sensitive. Use this attribute when you need to distinguish between the local parameter name and the metadata that describes the operation for client applications.

For more information about controlling the serialization of the contents of a SOAP body without modifying the default SOAP envelope itself, see System.Runtime.Serialization.DataContractAttribute, Specifying Data Transfer in Service Contracts, and Using Data Contracts.

For more information about creating message contracts, see Using Message Contracts.

The following code example shows the use of MessageParameterAttribute to establish the name of the parameter and the return value in metadata.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.ServiceModel;
using System.Text;

namespace Microsoft.WCF.Documentation
{
  [ServiceContract(Namespace="http://microsoft.wcf.documentation")]
  public interface ISampleService{
    [OperationContract]
    [return:MessageParameter(Name = "Output")]
    string SampleMethod([MessageParameter(Name = "Input")]string msg);
  }

  /*
   The preceding use of MessageParameterAttribute generates the following XSD:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?> 
  <xs:schema 
    elementFormDefault="qualified" 
    targetNamespace="http://microsoft.wcf.documentation" 
    xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" 
    xmlns:tns="http://microsoft.wcf.documentation">
    <xs:element name="SampleMethod">
      <xs:complexType>
        <xs:sequence>
          <xs:element minOccurs="0" name="Input" nillable="true" type="xs:string" /> 
        </xs:sequence>
      </xs:complexType>
    </xs:element>
    <xs:element name="SampleMethodResponse">
      <xs:complexType>
        <xs:sequence>
          <xs:element minOccurs="0" name="Output" nillable="true" type="xs:string" /> 
        </xs:sequence>
      </xs:complexType>
    </xs:element>
  </xs:schema>

   And the message sent is edited for clarity:
  <s:Body>
    <SampleMethod xmlns="http://microsoft.wcf.documentation">
      <Input>hello!</Input>
    </SampleMethod>
  </s:Body>   
   */

The following example shows the generated service contract for the preceding service. Note that the name of the parameter is now Input.

[System.CodeDom.Compiler.GeneratedCodeAttribute("System.ServiceModel", "3.0.0.0")]
[System.ServiceModel.ServiceContractAttribute(Namespace="http://microsoft.wcf.documentation", ConfigurationName="ISampleService")]
public interface ISampleService
{

    [System.ServiceModel.OperationContractAttribute(
      Action="http://microsoft.wcf.documentation/ISampleService/SampleMethod",
      ReplyAction="http://microsoft.wcf.documentation/ISampleService/SampleMethodResponse"
    )]
    [return: System.ServiceModel.MessageParameterAttribute(Name="Output")]
    string SampleMethod(string Input);
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

.NET for Windows Store apps

Supported in: Windows 8

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1

Supported in: Windows Phone Silverlight 8.1

Supported in: Windows Phone Silverlight 8

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.
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