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RequiresRoleAttribute Class

WCF RIA Services

[WCF RIA Services Version 1 Service Pack 2 is compatible with either .NET framework 4 or .NET Framework 4.5, and with either Silverlight 4 or Silverlight 5.]

Specifies a set of roles that are permitted to invoke a DomainOperationEntry.

System.Object
  System.Attribute
    System.ComponentModel.DataAnnotations.AuthorizationAttribute
      System.ServiceModel.DomainServices.Server.RequiresRoleAttribute

Namespace:  System.ServiceModel.DomainServices.Server
Assembly:  System.ServiceModel.DomainServices.Server (in System.ServiceModel.DomainServices.Server.dll)

[AttributeUsageAttribute(AttributeTargets.Class|AttributeTargets.Method|AttributeTargets.Property|AttributeTargets.Field, AllowMultiple = true, 
	Inherited = true)]
public sealed class RequiresRoleAttribute : AuthorizationAttribute

The RequiresRoleAttribute type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public methodRequiresRoleAttribute(String)Initializes a new instance of the RequiresRoleAttribute class that has the specified role.
Public methodRequiresRoleAttribute(String[])Initializes a new instance of the RequiresRoleAttribute class that has the specified set of roles.
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  NameDescription
Public propertyErrorMessageGets or sets the literal error message or resource key intended to be returned in an ErrorMessage. (Inherited from AuthorizationAttribute.)
Public propertyResourceTypeGets or sets the Type to use as the resource manager for ErrorMessage. (Inherited from AuthorizationAttribute.)
Public propertyRolesGets the roles that are permitted to invoke the operation.
Public propertyTypeIdGets a unique identifier for this attribute. (Overrides Attribute.TypeId.)
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  NameDescription
Public methodAuthorizeDetermines whether the given principal object is authorized to perform a specific operation described by the given AuthorizationContext. (Inherited from AuthorizationAttribute.)
Public methodEquals (Inherited from Attribute.)
Protected methodFinalize (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodFormatErrorMessageGets the formatted error message for the current AuthorizationAttribute to present to the user. (Inherited from AuthorizationAttribute.)
Public methodGetHashCode (Inherited from Attribute.)
Public methodGetType (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodIsAuthorizedImplementation specific method to determine whether the given IPrincipal object is authorized to perform a specific operation described by the given AuthorizationContext object. (Inherited from AuthorizationAttribute.)
Public methodIsDefaultAttribute (Inherited from Attribute.)
Public methodMatch (Inherited from Attribute.)
Protected methodMemberwiseClone (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodToString (Inherited from Object.)
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  NameDescription
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute.GetIDsOfNames (Inherited from Attribute.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute.GetTypeInfo (Inherited from Attribute.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute.GetTypeInfoCount (Inherited from Attribute.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute.Invoke (Inherited from Attribute.)
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You apply the RequiresRoleAttribute to a domain method to restrict access to the operation to only authenticated users that belong to one of the specified roles. When you apply the RequiresRoleAttribute to an entire domain service class, all of the domain operations are restricted to only authenticated users that belong to the specified roles. The RequiresRoleAttribute prevents the method from being executed when the user does meet the authentication criteria. If you call a domain operation when the user is not a member of the required role, the domain operation returns an exception. You can avoid this situation by checking the IsInRole method on the User object generated in the client project before calling the domain operation.

RIA Services also provides the RequiresAuthenticationAttribute to indicate that the user must be authenticated. You can provide customized authorization requirements by implementing a class that derives from AuthorizationAttribute and overriding the IsAuthorized method. For more information, see How to: Create a Custom Authorization Attribute.

The following example shows a domain service with the RequiresRoleAttribute attribute applied to the GetCustomers method.

[EnableClientAccess()]
public class AdventureWorksDomainService : LinqToEntitiesDomainService<AdventureWorksLT_DataEntities>
{
    [RequiresRole("Managers")]
    public IQueryable<Customer> GetCustomers()
    {
        return this.ObjectContext.Customers;
    }

    public IQueryable<Product> GetProducts()
    {
        return this.ObjectContext.Products;
    }

    [RequiresAuthentication()]
    public IQueryable<SalesOrderHeader> GetSalesOrderHeaders()
    {
        return this.ObjectContext.SalesOrderHeaders;
    }
}


Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.
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