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XmlDsigEnvelopedSignatureTransform Class

Represents the enveloped signature transform for an XML digital signature as defined by the W3C.

System.Object
  System.Security.Cryptography.Xml.Transform
    System.Security.Cryptography.Xml.XmlDsigEnvelopedSignatureTransform

Namespace:  System.Security.Cryptography.Xml
Assembly:  System.Security (in System.Security.dll)

[HostProtectionAttribute(SecurityAction.LinkDemand, MayLeakOnAbort = true)]
public class XmlDsigEnvelopedSignatureTransform : Transform

The XmlDsigEnvelopedSignatureTransform type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public methodXmlDsigEnvelopedSignatureTransform()Initializes a new instance of the XmlDsigEnvelopedSignatureTransform class.
Public methodXmlDsigEnvelopedSignatureTransform(Boolean)Infrastructure. Initializes a new instance of the XmlDsigEnvelopedSignatureTransform class with comments, if specified.
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  NameDescription
Public propertyAlgorithmGets or sets the Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) that identifies the algorithm performed by the current transform. (Inherited from Transform.)
Public propertyContextGets or sets an XmlElement object that represents the document context under which the current Transform object is running. (Inherited from Transform.)
Public propertyInputTypesGets an array of types that are valid inputs to the LoadInput method of the current XmlDsigEnvelopedSignatureTransform object. (Overrides Transform.InputTypes.)
Public propertyOutputTypesGets an array of types that are possible outputs from the GetOutput methods of the current XmlDsigEnvelopedSignatureTransform object. (Overrides Transform.OutputTypes.)
Public propertyPropagatedNamespacesGets or sets a Hashtable object that contains the namespaces that are propagated into the signature. (Inherited from Transform.)
Public propertyResolverSets the current XmlResolver object. (Inherited from Transform.)
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  NameDescription
Public methodEquals(Object)Determines whether the specified Object is equal to the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodFinalizeAllows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetDigestedOutputWhen overridden in a derived class, returns the digest associated with a Transform object. (Inherited from Transform.)
Public methodGetHashCodeServes as a hash function for a particular type. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodGetInnerXmlReturns an XML representation of the parameters of an XmlDsigEnvelopedSignatureTransform object that are suitable to be included as subelements of an XMLDSIG <Transform> element. (Overrides Transform.GetInnerXml().)
Public methodGetOutput()Returns the output of the current XmlDsigEnvelopedSignatureTransform object. (Overrides Transform.GetOutput().)
Public methodGetOutput(Type)Returns the output of the current XmlDsigEnvelopedSignatureTransform object of type XmlNodeList. (Overrides Transform.GetOutput(Type).)
Public methodGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetXmlReturns the XML representation of the current Transform object. (Inherited from Transform.)
Public methodLoadInnerXmlParses the specified XmlNodeList as transform-specific content of a <Transform> element and configures the internal state of the current XmlDsigEnvelopedSignatureTransform object to match the <Transform> element. (Overrides Transform.LoadInnerXml(XmlNodeList).)
Public methodLoadInputLoads the specified input into the current XmlDsigEnvelopedSignatureTransform object. (Overrides Transform.LoadInput(Object).)
Protected methodMemberwiseCloneCreates a shallow copy of the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodToStringReturns a string that represents the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
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The XmlDsigEnvelopedSignatureTransform class removes the <Signature> element from an XML document before the digest is computed. With this transform, you can sign and verify all elements of an XML document except the XML digital signature elements.

Although you can create and insert a signature into an XML document, verifying the modified document using the embedded signature will fail because the document now has additional elements. This transform removes the <Signature> element and allows you to verify the document using its original form.

Use the XmlDsigEnvelopedSignatureTransform class whenever you create an enveloped signature.

For more information about the enveloped signature transform, see Section 6.6.4 of the XMLDSIG specification, which is available from the W3C at www.w3.org/TR/xmldsig-core/.

NoteNote

The HostProtectionAttribute attribute applied to this type or member has the following Resources property value: MayLeakOnAbort. The HostProtectionAttribute does not affect desktop applications (which are typically started by double-clicking an icon, typing a command, or entering a URL in a browser). For more information, see the HostProtectionAttribute class or SQL Server Programming and Host Protection Attributes.

This section contains two code examples. The first example demonstrates how to sign an XML file using an envelope signature. The second example demonstrates how to use members of the XmlDsigEnvelopedSignatureTransform class.

Example #1


//
// This example signs an XML file using an
// envelope signature. It then verifies the 
// signed XML.
//
using System;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates;
using System.Security.Cryptography.Xml;
using System.Text;
using System.Xml;

public class SignVerifyEnvelope
{

    public static void Main(String[] args)
    {
        try
        {
            // Generate a signing key.
            RSACryptoServiceProvider Key = new RSACryptoServiceProvider();

            // Create an XML file to sign.
            CreateSomeXml("Example.xml");
            Console.WriteLine("New XML file created."); 

            // Sign the XML that was just created and save it in a 
            // new file.
            SignXmlFile("Example.xml", "SignedExample.xml", Key);
            Console.WriteLine("XML file signed."); 

            // Verify the signature of the signed XML.
            Console.WriteLine("Verifying signature...");
            bool result = VerifyXmlFile("SignedExample.xml");

            // Display the results of the signature verification to \
            // the console.
            if(result)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("The XML signature is valid.");
            }
            else
            {
                Console.WriteLine("The XML signature is not valid.");
            }
        }
        catch(CryptographicException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        }
    }

    // Sign an XML file and save the signature in a new file.
    public static void SignXmlFile(string FileName, string SignedFileName, RSA Key)
    {
        // Create a new XML document.
        XmlDocument doc = new XmlDocument();

        // Format the document to ignore white spaces.
        doc.PreserveWhitespace = false;

        // Load the passed XML file using it's name.
        doc.Load(new XmlTextReader(FileName));

        // Create a SignedXml object.
        SignedXml signedXml = new SignedXml(doc);

        // Add the key to the SignedXml document. 
        signedXml.SigningKey = Key;

        // Create a reference to be signed.
        Reference reference = new Reference();
        reference.Uri = "";

        // Add an enveloped transformation to the reference.
        XmlDsigEnvelopedSignatureTransform env = new XmlDsigEnvelopedSignatureTransform();
        reference.AddTransform(env);

        // Add the reference to the SignedXml object.
        signedXml.AddReference(reference);

		
        // Add an RSAKeyValue KeyInfo (optional; helps recipient find key to validate).
        KeyInfo keyInfo = new KeyInfo();
        keyInfo.AddClause(new RSAKeyValue((RSA)Key));
        signedXml.KeyInfo = keyInfo;

        // Compute the signature.
        signedXml.ComputeSignature();

        // Get the XML representation of the signature and save
        // it to an XmlElement object.
        XmlElement xmlDigitalSignature = signedXml.GetXml();

        // Append the element to the XML document.
        doc.DocumentElement.AppendChild(doc.ImportNode(xmlDigitalSignature, true));
		
		
        if (doc.FirstChild is XmlDeclaration)  
        {
            doc.RemoveChild(doc.FirstChild);
        }

        // Save the signed XML document to a file specified
        // using the passed string.
        XmlTextWriter xmltw = new XmlTextWriter(SignedFileName, new UTF8Encoding(false));
        doc.WriteTo(xmltw);
        xmltw.Close();
    }
    // Verify the signature of an XML file and return the result.
    public static Boolean VerifyXmlFile(String Name)
    {
        // Create a new XML document.
        XmlDocument xmlDocument = new XmlDocument();

        // Format using white spaces.
        xmlDocument.PreserveWhitespace = true;

        // Load the passed XML file into the document. 
        xmlDocument.Load(Name);

        // Create a new SignedXml object and pass it
        // the XML document class.
        SignedXml signedXml = new SignedXml(xmlDocument);

        // Find the "Signature" node and create a new
        // XmlNodeList object.
        XmlNodeList nodeList = xmlDocument.GetElementsByTagName("Signature");

        // Load the signature node.
        signedXml.LoadXml((XmlElement)nodeList[0]);

        // Check the signature and return the result.
        return signedXml.CheckSignature();
    }

    // Create example data to sign.
    public static void CreateSomeXml(string FileName)
    {
        // Create a new XmlDocument object.
        XmlDocument document = new XmlDocument();

        // Create a new XmlNode object.
        XmlNode  node = document.CreateNode(XmlNodeType.Element, "", "MyElement", "samples");
		
        // Add some text to the node.
        node.InnerText = "Example text to be signed.";

        // Append the node to the document.
        document.AppendChild(node);

        // Save the XML document to the file name specified.
        XmlTextWriter xmltw = new XmlTextWriter(FileName, new UTF8Encoding(false));
        document.WriteTo(xmltw);
        xmltw.Close();
    }
}


Example #2


using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Security.Cryptography.Xml;
using System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates;

class Class1
{
    private static string Certificate =  "..\\..\\my509.cer";

    [STAThread]
    static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        // Encrypt an XML message
        XmlDocument productsXml = LoadProducts();
        ShowTransformProperties(productsXml);

        SignDocument(ref productsXml);
        ShowTransformProperties(productsXml);

        // Use XmlDsigEnvelopedSignatureTransform to resolve a Uri.
        Uri baseUri = new Uri("http://www.contoso.com");
        string relativeUri = "xml";
        Uri absoluteUri = ResolveUris(baseUri, relativeUri);

        Console.WriteLine("This sample completed successfully; " +
            "press Enter to exit.");
        Console.ReadLine();
    }

    // Encrypt the text in the specified XmlDocument.
    private static void ShowTransformProperties(XmlDocument xmlDoc)
    {
        XmlDsigEnvelopedSignatureTransform xmlTransform = 
            new XmlDsigEnvelopedSignatureTransform();

        // Ensure the transform is using the proper algorithm.
        xmlTransform.Algorithm =
            SignedXml.XmlDsigEnvelopedSignatureTransformUrl;

        // Retrieve the XML representation of the current transform.
        XmlElement xmlInTransform = xmlTransform.GetXml();

        Console.WriteLine("\nXml representation of the current transform: ");
        Console.WriteLine(xmlInTransform.OuterXml);

        // Retrieve the valid input types for the current transform.
        Type[] validInTypes = xmlTransform.InputTypes;

        // Verify the xmlTransform can accept the XMLDocument as an
        // input type.
        for (int i=0; i<validInTypes.Length; i++)
        {
            if (validInTypes[i] == xmlDoc.GetType())
            {
                // Load the document into the transfrom.
                xmlTransform.LoadInput(xmlDoc);

                bool IncludeComments = true;
                // This transform is created for demonstration purposes.
                XmlDsigEnvelopedSignatureTransform secondTransform =
                    new XmlDsigEnvelopedSignatureTransform(IncludeComments);

                string classDescription = secondTransform.ToString();

                // This call does not perform as expected.
                // An enveloped signature has no inner XML elements
                secondTransform.LoadInnerXml(xmlDoc.SelectNodes("//."));

                break;
            }
        }

        Type[] validOutTypes = xmlTransform.OutputTypes;

        for (int i=validOutTypes.Length-1; i >= 0; i--)
        {
            if (validOutTypes[i] == typeof(System.Xml.XmlDocument))
            {
                try 
                {
                    Type xmlDocumentType = typeof(System.Xml.XmlDocument);
                    XmlDocument xmlDocumentOutput = (XmlDocument) 
                        xmlTransform.GetOutput(xmlDocumentType);

                    // Display to the console the Xml before and after
                    // encryption.
                    Console.WriteLine("Result of the GetOutput method call" +
                        " from the current transform: " + 
                        xmlDocumentOutput.OuterXml);
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Unexpected exception caught: " +
                        ex.ToString());
                }

                break;
            }
            else if (validOutTypes[i] == typeof(System.Xml.XmlNodeList))
            {
                try 
                {
                    Type xmlNodeListType = typeof(System.Xml.XmlNodeList);
                    XmlNodeList xmlNodes = (XmlNodeList) 
                        xmlTransform.GetOutput(xmlNodeListType);

                    // Display to the console the Xml before and after
                    // encryption.
                    Console.WriteLine("Encoding the following message: " +
                        xmlDoc.InnerText);

                    Console.WriteLine("Nodes of the XmlNodeList retrieved " +
                        "from GetOutput:");
                    for (int j=0; j < xmlNodes.Count; j++)
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine("Node " + j + 
                            " has the following name: " + 
                            xmlNodes.Item(j).Name + 
                            " and the following InnerXml: " + 
                            xmlNodes.Item(j).InnerXml);
                    }
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Unexpected exception caught: " +
                        ex.ToString());
                }

                break;
            }
            else
            {
                object outputObject = xmlTransform.GetOutput();
            }
        }
    }

    // Create an XML document describing various products.
    private static XmlDocument LoadProducts()
    {
        XmlDocument xmlDoc = new XmlDocument();

        string contosoProducts = "<PRODUCTS>";
        contosoProducts += "<PRODUCT><ID>123</ID>";
        contosoProducts += "<DESCRIPTION>Router</DESCRIPTION></PRODUCT>";
        contosoProducts += "<PRODUCT><ID>456</ID>";
        contosoProducts += "<DESCRIPTION>Keyboard</DESCRIPTION></PRODUCT>";
        contosoProducts += "<PRODUCT><ID>789</ID>";
        contosoProducts += "<DESCRIPTION>Monitor</DESCRIPTION></PRODUCT>";
        contosoProducts += "</PRODUCTS>";

        xmlDoc.LoadXml(contosoProducts);
        return xmlDoc;
    }

    // Create a signature and add it to the specified document.
    private static void SignDocument(ref XmlDocument xmlDoc)
    {
        // Generate a signing key.
        RSACryptoServiceProvider Key = new RSACryptoServiceProvider();

        // Create a SignedXml object.
        SignedXml signedXml = new SignedXml(xmlDoc);

        // Add the key to the SignedXml document. 
        signedXml.SigningKey = Key;

        // Create a reference to be signed.
        Reference reference = new Reference();
        reference.Uri = "";

        // Add an enveloped transformation to the reference.
        reference.AddTransform(new XmlDsigEnvelopedSignatureTransform());

        // Add the reference to the SignedXml object.
        signedXml.AddReference(reference);

        try 
        {
            // Create a new KeyInfo object.
            KeyInfo keyInfo = new KeyInfo();

            // Load the X509 certificate.
            X509Certificate MSCert =
                X509Certificate.CreateFromCertFile(Certificate);

            // Load the certificate into a KeyInfoX509Data object
            // and add it to the KeyInfo object.
            keyInfo.AddClause(new KeyInfoX509Data(MSCert));

            // Add the KeyInfo object to the SignedXml object.
            signedXml.KeyInfo = keyInfo;
        }
        catch (FileNotFoundException ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Unable to locate the following file: " + 
                Certificate);
        }

        // Compute the signature.
        signedXml.ComputeSignature();

        // Add the signature branch to the original tree so it is enveloped.
        xmlDoc.DocumentElement.AppendChild(signedXml.GetXml());
    }

    // Resolve the specified base and relative Uri's .
    private static Uri ResolveUris(Uri baseUri, string relativeUri)
    {
        XmlUrlResolver xmlResolver = new XmlUrlResolver();
        xmlResolver.Credentials = 
            System.Net.CredentialCache.DefaultCredentials;

        XmlDsigEnvelopedSignatureTransform xmlTransform =
            new XmlDsigEnvelopedSignatureTransform();
        xmlTransform.Resolver = xmlResolver;

        Uri absoluteUri = xmlResolver.ResolveUri(baseUri, relativeUri);

        if (absoluteUri != null)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(
                "\nResolved the base Uri and relative Uri to the following:");
            Console.WriteLine(absoluteUri.ToString());
        }
        else
        {
            Console.WriteLine(
                "Unable to resolve the base Uri and relative Uri");
        }
        return absoluteUri;
    }
}
//
// This sample produces the following output:
//
// Xml representation of the current transform: 
// <Transform Algorithm="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#enveloped-
// signature" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#" />
// Result of the GetOutput method call from the current transform: <PRODUCTS>
// <PRODUCT><ID>123</ID><DESCRIPTION>Router</DESCRIPTION></PRODUCT><PRODUCT>
// <ID>456</ID><DESCRIPTION>Keyboard</DESCRIPTION></PRODUCT><PRODUCT><ID>789
// </ID><DESCRIPTION>Monitor</DESCRIPTION></PRODUCT></PRODUCTS>
// Unable to load the following file: ..\\my509.cer
// 
// Xml representation of the current transform: 
// <Transform Algorithm="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#enveloped-
// signature" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#" />
// Result of the GetOutput method call from the current transform: <PRODUCTS>
// <PRODUCT><ID>123</ID><DESCRIPTION>Router</DESCRIPTION></PRODUCT><PRODUCT>
// <ID>456</ID><DESCRIPTION>Keyboard</DESCRIPTION></PRODUCT><PRODUCT><ID>789
// </ID><DESCRIPTION>Monitor</DESCRIPTION></PRODUCT><Signature xmlns=
// "http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#"><SignedInfo><CanonicalizationMethod 
// Algorithm="http://www.w3.org/TR/2001/REC-xml-c14n-20010315" />
// <SignatureMethod Algorithm="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#rsa-sha1" />
// <Reference URI=""><Transforms><Transform Algorithm="http://www.w3.org/2000
// /09/xmldsig#enveloped-signature" /></Transforms><DigestMethod Algorithm=
// "http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#sha1" /><DigestValue>KvPW6HUiIUMEDS0YSoT
// gpo2JPbA=</DigestValue></Reference></SignedInfo><SignatureValue>c/njCGDru/a
// WAmWG83I+mWO040xOzxvmNx0b0o8ZyPc9j5VwApdAt103OGBtB1H6EkOvt7Ekw+PVuUo8m5LzLP
// yaTxUDMbb2kZZ5itSkGD4rmMUMUMuzrkAoquJZjxeOydBJ2CMehV2rE3RMPLIwRX176DZVy5JKU
// 6Cb7PR2Rpw=</SignatureValue></Signature></PRODUCTS>
// 
// Resolved the base Uri and relative Uri to the following:
// http://www.contoso.com/xml
// This sample completed successfully; press Enter to exit.


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

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