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RSACryptoServiceProvider Class

Updated: May 2009

Performs asymmetric encryption and decryption using the implementation of the RSA algorithm provided by the cryptographic service provider (CSP). This class cannot be inherited.

Namespace:  System.Security.Cryptography
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)
public final class RSACryptoServiceProvider extends RSA implements ICspAsymmetricAlgorithm

This is the default implementation of RSA.

The RSACryptoServiceProvider supports key lengths from 384 bits to 16384 bits in increments of 8 bits if you have the Microsoft Enhanced Cryptographic Provider installed. It supports key lengths from 384 bits to 512 bits in increments of 8 bits if you have the Microsoft Base Cryptographic Provider installed.

Important noteImportant Note:

You should ensure that IDisposable is called when you are finished with the RSACryptoServiceProvider. To do this, instantiate the object in a using statement; for example, using (RSACryptoServiceProvider RSA = new RSACryptoServiceProvider()). For more information about the using statement, see using Statement (C# Reference) or Using Statement (Visual Basic).

Interoperation with the Microsoft Cryptographic API (CAPI)

Unlike the RSA implementation in unmanaged CAPI, the RSACryptoServiceProvider class reverses the order of an encrypted array of bytes after encryption and before decryption. By default, data encrypted by the RSACryptoServiceProvider class cannot be decrypted by the CAPI CryptDecrypt function and data encrypted by the CAPI CryptEncrypt method cannot be decrypted by the RSACryptoServiceProvider class.

If you do not compensate for the reverse ordering when interoperating between APIs, the RSACryptoServiceProvider class throws a CryptographicException.

To interoperate with CAPI, you must manually reverse the order of encrypted bytes before the encrypted data interoperates with another API. You can easily reverse the order of a managed byte array by calling the Array.Reverse method.

The following code example uses the RSACryptoServiceProvider class to encrypt a string into an array of bytes and then decrypt the bytes back into a string.

No code example is currently available or this language may not be supported.

The following code example exports the key information created using the RSACryptoServiceProvider into an RSAParameters object.

No code example is currently available or this language may not be supported.
System.Object
  System.Security.Cryptography.AsymmetricAlgorithm
    System.Security.Cryptography.RSA
      System.Security.Cryptography.RSACryptoServiceProvider
Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98, Windows CE, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 2.0

Date

History

Reason

May 2009

Added a note about ensuring that IDisposable is called after you use this class.

Information enhancement.

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