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RijndaelManaged Class

Accesses the managed version of the Rijndael algorithm. This class cannot be inherited.

Namespace:  System.Security.Cryptography
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

[ComVisibleAttribute(true)]
public sealed class RijndaelManaged : Rijndael

The RijndaelManaged type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public methodRijndaelManagedInitializes a new instance of the RijndaelManaged class.
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  NameDescription
Public propertyBlockSizeGets or sets the block size, in bits, of the cryptographic operation. (Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm.)
Public propertyFeedbackSizeGets or sets the feedback size, in bits, of the cryptographic operation. (Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm.)
Public propertyIVGets or sets the initialization vector (IV) for the symmetric algorithm. (Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm.)
Public propertyKeyGets or sets the secret key for the symmetric algorithm. (Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm.)
Public propertyKeySizeGets or sets the size, in bits, of the secret key used by the symmetric algorithm. (Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm.)
Public propertyLegalBlockSizesGets the block sizes, in bits, that are supported by the symmetric algorithm. (Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm.)
Public propertyLegalKeySizesGets the key sizes, in bits, that are supported by the symmetric algorithm. (Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm.)
Public propertyModeGets or sets the mode for operation of the symmetric algorithm. (Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm.)
Public propertyPaddingGets or sets the padding mode used in the symmetric algorithm. (Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm.)
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  NameDescription
Public methodClearReleases all resources used by the SymmetricAlgorithm class. (Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm.)
Public methodCreateDecryptor()Creates a symmetric decryptor object with the current Key property and initialization vector (IV). (Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm.)
Public methodCreateDecryptor(Byte[], Byte[])Creates a symmetric Rijndael decryptor object with the specified Key and initialization vector (IV). (Overrides SymmetricAlgorithm.CreateDecryptor(Byte[], Byte[]).)
Public methodCreateEncryptor()Creates a symmetric encryptor object with the current Key property and initialization vector (IV). (Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm.)
Public methodCreateEncryptor(Byte[], Byte[])Creates a symmetric Rijndael encryptor object with the specified Key and initialization vector (IV). (Overrides SymmetricAlgorithm.CreateEncryptor(Byte[], Byte[]).)
Public methodDispose()Releases all resources used by the current instance of the SymmetricAlgorithm class. (Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm.)
Protected methodDispose(Boolean)Releases the unmanaged resources used by the SymmetricAlgorithm and optionally releases the managed resources. (Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm.)
Public methodEquals(Object)Determines whether the specified Object is equal to the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodFinalizeAllows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGenerateIVGenerates a random initialization vector (IV) to be used for the algorithm. (Overrides SymmetricAlgorithm.GenerateIV().)
Public methodGenerateKeyGenerates a random Key to be used for the algorithm. (Overrides SymmetricAlgorithm.GenerateKey().)
Public methodGetHashCodeServes as a hash function for a particular type. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodMemberwiseCloneCreates a shallow copy of the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodToStringReturns a string that represents the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodValidKeySizeDetermines whether the specified key size is valid for the current algorithm. (Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm.)
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  NameDescription
Protected fieldBlockSizeValueRepresents the block size, in bits, of the cryptographic operation. (Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm.)
Protected fieldFeedbackSizeValueRepresents the feedback size, in bits, of the cryptographic operation. (Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm.)
Protected fieldIVValueRepresents the initialization vector (IV) for the symmetric algorithm. (Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm.)
Protected fieldKeySizeValueRepresents the size, in bits, of the secret key used by the symmetric algorithm. (Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm.)
Protected fieldKeyValueRepresents the secret key for the symmetric algorithm. (Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm.)
Protected fieldLegalBlockSizesValueSpecifies the block sizes, in bits, that are supported by the symmetric algorithm. (Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm.)
Protected fieldLegalKeySizesValueSpecifies the key sizes, in bits, that are supported by the symmetric algorithm. (Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm.)
Protected fieldModeValueRepresents the cipher mode used in the symmetric algorithm. (Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm.)
Protected fieldPaddingValueRepresents the padding mode used in the symmetric algorithm. (Inherited from SymmetricAlgorithm.)
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This algorithm supports key lengths of 128, 192, or 256 bits.

The following example demonstrates how to encrypt and decrypt sample data using the RijndaelManaged class.


using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Security.Cryptography;

namespace RijndaelManaged_Example
{
    class RijndaelExample
    {
        public static void Main()
        {
            try
            {

                string original = "Here is some data to encrypt!";

                // Create a new instance of the RijndaelManaged
                // class.  This generates a new key and initialization 
                // vector (IV).
                using (RijndaelManaged myRijndael = new RijndaelManaged())
                {

				    myRijndael.GenerateKey();
                	myRijndael.GenerateIV();
					
                    // Encrypt the string to an array of bytes.
                    byte[] encrypted = EncryptStringToBytes(original, myRijndael.Key, myRijndael.IV);

                    // Decrypt the bytes to a string.
                    string roundtrip = DecryptStringFromBytes(encrypted, myRijndael.Key, myRijndael.IV);

                    //Display the original data and the decrypted data.
                    Console.WriteLine("Original:   {0}", original);
                    Console.WriteLine("Round Trip: {0}", roundtrip);
                }

            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Error: {0}", e.Message);
            }
        }
        static byte[] EncryptStringToBytes(string plainText, byte[] Key, byte[] IV)
        {
            // Check arguments.
            if (plainText == null || plainText.Length <= 0)
                throw new ArgumentNullException("plainText");
            if (Key == null || Key.Length <= 0)
                throw new ArgumentNullException("Key");
            if (IV == null || IV.Length <= 0)
                throw new ArgumentNullException("Key");
            byte[] encrypted;
            // Create an RijndaelManaged object
            // with the specified key and IV.
            using (RijndaelManaged rijAlg = new RijndaelManaged())
            {
                rijAlg.Key = Key;
                rijAlg.IV = IV;

                // Create a decrytor to perform the stream transform.
                ICryptoTransform encryptor = rijAlg.CreateEncryptor(rijAlg.Key, rijAlg.IV);

                // Create the streams used for encryption.
                using (MemoryStream msEncrypt = new MemoryStream())
                {
                    using (CryptoStream csEncrypt = new CryptoStream(msEncrypt, encryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Write))
                    {
                        using (StreamWriter swEncrypt = new StreamWriter(csEncrypt))
                        {

                            //Write all data to the stream.
                            swEncrypt.Write(plainText);
                        }
                        encrypted = msEncrypt.ToArray();
                    }
                }
            }


            // Return the encrypted bytes from the memory stream.
            return encrypted;

        }

        static string DecryptStringFromBytes(byte[] cipherText, byte[] Key, byte[] IV)
        {
            // Check arguments.
            if (cipherText == null || cipherText.Length <= 0)
                throw new ArgumentNullException("cipherText");
            if (Key == null || Key.Length <= 0)
                throw new ArgumentNullException("Key");
            if (IV == null || IV.Length <= 0)
                throw new ArgumentNullException("Key");

            // Declare the string used to hold
            // the decrypted text.
            string plaintext = null;

            // Create an RijndaelManaged object
            // with the specified key and IV.
            using (RijndaelManaged rijAlg = new RijndaelManaged())
            {
                rijAlg.Key = Key;
                rijAlg.IV = IV;

                // Create a decrytor to perform the stream transform.
                ICryptoTransform decryptor = rijAlg.CreateDecryptor(rijAlg.Key, rijAlg.IV);

                // Create the streams used for decryption.
                using (MemoryStream msDecrypt = new MemoryStream(cipherText))
                {
                    using (CryptoStream csDecrypt = new CryptoStream(msDecrypt, decryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Read))
                    {
                        using (StreamReader srDecrypt = new StreamReader(csDecrypt))
                        {

                            // Read the decrypted bytes from the decrypting stream
                            // and place them in a string.
                            plaintext = srDecrypt.ReadToEnd();
                        }
                    }
                }

            }

            return plaintext;

        }
    }
}


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

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