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RC2CryptoServiceProvider.GenerateKey Method

Generates a random key (Key) to be used for the algorithm.

Namespace: System.Security.Cryptography
Assembly: mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public override void GenerateKey ()
public void GenerateKey ()
public override function GenerateKey ()

Use this method to generate a random key when none is specified.

The RC2CryptoServiceProvider implementation supports key lengths from 40 bits to 128 bits in increments of 8 bits.

The following code example encrypts and then decrypts a string.

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Text;
using System.Security.Cryptography;

namespace RC2CryptoServiceProvider_Examples
{
    class MyMainClass
    {
        public static void Main()
        {

            // Create a new instance of the RC2CryptoServiceProvider class
            // and automatically generate a Key and IV.
            RC2CryptoServiceProvider rc2CSP = new RC2CryptoServiceProvider();

            Console.WriteLine("Effective key size is {0} bits.", rc2CSP.EffectiveKeySize);

            // Get the key and IV.
            byte[] key = rc2CSP.Key;
            byte[] IV = rc2CSP.IV;

            // Get an encryptor.
            ICryptoTransform encryptor = rc2CSP.CreateEncryptor(key, IV);

            // Encrypt the data as an array of encrypted bytes in memory.
            MemoryStream msEncrypt = new MemoryStream();
            CryptoStream csEncrypt = new CryptoStream(msEncrypt, encryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Write);

            // Convert the data to a byte array.
            string original = "Here is some data to encrypt.";
            byte[] toEncrypt = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(original);

            // Write all data to the crypto stream and flush it.
            csEncrypt.Write(toEncrypt, 0, toEncrypt.Length);
            csEncrypt.FlushFinalBlock();

            // Get the encrypted array of bytes.
            byte[] encrypted = msEncrypt.ToArray();

            ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////
            // This is where the data could be transmitted or saved.          
            ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////

            //Get a decryptor that uses the same key and IV as the encryptor.
            ICryptoTransform decryptor = rc2CSP.CreateDecryptor(key, IV);

            // Now decrypt the previously encrypted message using the decryptor
            // obtained in the above step.
            MemoryStream msDecrypt = new MemoryStream(encrypted);
            CryptoStream csDecrypt = new CryptoStream(msDecrypt, decryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Read);

            byte[] fromEncrypt = new byte[toEncrypt.Length];

            // Read the data out of the crypto stream.
            csDecrypt.Read(fromEncrypt, 0, toEncrypt.Length);

            // Convert the byte array back into a string.
            String roundtrip = Encoding.ASCII.GetString(fromEncrypt);

            // Display the original data and the decrypted data.
            Console.WriteLine("Original:   {0}", original);
            Console.WriteLine("Round Trip: {0}", roundtrip);

            Console.ReadLine();
        }
    }
}

Windows 98, Windows 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 2.0

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