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MaskGenerationMethod Class

Represents the abstract class from which all mask generator algorithms must derive.

Namespace:  System.Security.Cryptography
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)
[ComVisibleAttribute(true)]
public abstract class MaskGenerationMethod

Derived classes of MaskGenerationMethod compute masks that are used in key exchange algorithms such as Optimal Asymmetric Encryption Padding (OAEP).

This class is used by implementations of key exchange algorithms only for mask generation. Application code does not use this class directly.

The following code example demonstrates how to derive from the MaskGenerationMethod class.

using System;
using System.Security.Cryptography;

namespace Contoso
{
    class MaskGenerator : System.Security.Cryptography.MaskGenerationMethod
    {
        private String HashNameValue;

        // Initialize a mask to encrypt using the SHA1 algorithm. 
        public MaskGenerator() 
        {
            HashNameValue = "SHA1";
        }

        // Create a mask with the specified seed. 
        override public byte[] GenerateMask(byte[] seed, int maskLength)
        {
            HashAlgorithm hash;
            byte[] rgbCounter = new byte[4];
            byte[] targetRgb = new byte[maskLength];
            uint counter = 0;

            for (int inc = 0; inc < targetRgb.Length; )
            {
                ConvertIntToByteArray(counter++, ref rgbCounter);
                hash = (HashAlgorithm)
                    CryptoConfig.CreateFromName(HashNameValue);

                byte[] temp = new byte[4 + seed.Length];
                Buffer.BlockCopy(rgbCounter, 0, temp, 0, 4);
                Buffer.BlockCopy(seed, 0, temp, 4, seed.Length);
                hash.ComputeHash(temp);

                if (targetRgb.Length - inc > hash.HashSize/8) 
                {
                    Buffer.BlockCopy(
                        hash.Hash,
                        0,
                        targetRgb,
                        inc,
                        hash.Hash.Length);
                }
                else
                {
                    Buffer.BlockCopy(
                        hash.Hash,
                        0,
                        targetRgb,
                        inc,
                        targetRgb.Length - inc);
                }
                inc += hash.Hash.Length;
            }
            return targetRgb;
        }

        // Convert the specified integer to the byte array. 
        private void ConvertIntToByteArray(
            uint sourceInt,
            ref byte[] targetBytes)
        {
            uint remainder;
            int inc = 0;

            // Clear the array prior to filling it.
            Array.Clear(targetBytes, 0, targetBytes.Length);

            while (sourceInt > 0) 
            {
                remainder = sourceInt % 256;
                targetBytes[3 - inc] = (byte) remainder;
                sourceInt = (sourceInt - remainder)/256;
                inc++;
            }
        }
    }
// This class demonstrates how to create the MaskGenerator class  
// and call its GenerateMask member. 
    class MaskGeneratorImpl
    {
      public static void Main(string[] args)
      {
          byte[] seed = new byte[] {0x01, 0x02, 0x03, 0x04};
          int length = 16;
          MaskGenerator maskGenerator = new MaskGenerator();
          byte[] mask = maskGenerator.GenerateMask(seed, length);
          Console.WriteLine("Generated the following mask:");
          Console.WriteLine(System.Text.Encoding.ASCII.GetString(mask));

          Console.WriteLine("This sample completed successfully; " +
                "press Enter to exit.");
          Console.ReadLine();
      }
  }
}
// 
// This sample produces the following output: 
// 
// Generated the following mask: 
// ?"TFd(?~OtO? 
// This sample completed successfully; press Enter to exit.
System.Object
  System.Security.Cryptography.MaskGenerationMethod
    System.Security.Cryptography.PKCS1MaskGenerationMethod
Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0
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