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HMACMD5 Class

Computes a Hash-based Message Authentication Code (HMAC) by using the MD5 hash function.

Namespace:  System.Security.Cryptography
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

[ComVisibleAttribute(true)]
public class HMACMD5 : HMAC

The HMACMD5 type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public methodHMACMD5()Initializes a new instance of the HMACMD5 class by using a randomly generated key.
Public methodHMACMD5(Byte[])Initializes a new instance of the HMACMD5 class by using the specified key.
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  NameDescription
Protected propertyBlockSizeValueGets or sets the block size to use in the hash value. (Inherited from HMAC.)
Public propertyCanReuseTransformGets a value indicating whether the current transform can be reused. (Inherited from HashAlgorithm.)
Public propertyCanTransformMultipleBlocksWhen overridden in a derived class, gets a value indicating whether multiple blocks can be transformed. (Inherited from HashAlgorithm.)
Public propertyHashGets the value of the computed hash code. (Inherited from HashAlgorithm.)
Public propertyHashNameGets or sets the name of the hash algorithm to use for hashing. (Inherited from HMAC.)
Public propertyHashSizeGets the size, in bits, of the computed hash code. (Inherited from HashAlgorithm.)
Public propertyInputBlockSizeWhen overridden in a derived class, gets the input block size. (Inherited from HashAlgorithm.)
Public propertyKeyGets or sets the key to use in the hash algorithm. (Inherited from HMAC.)
Public propertyOutputBlockSizeWhen overridden in a derived class, gets the output block size. (Inherited from HashAlgorithm.)
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  NameDescription
Public methodClearReleases all resources used by the HashAlgorithm class. (Inherited from HashAlgorithm.)
Public methodComputeHash(Byte[])Computes the hash value for the specified byte array. (Inherited from HashAlgorithm.)
Public methodComputeHash(Stream)Computes the hash value for the specified Stream object. (Inherited from HashAlgorithm.)
Public methodComputeHash(Byte[], Int32, Int32)Computes the hash value for the specified region of the specified byte array. (Inherited from HashAlgorithm.)
Public methodDispose()Releases all resources used by the current instance of the HashAlgorithm class. (Inherited from HashAlgorithm.)
Protected methodDispose(Boolean)Releases the unmanaged resources used by the HMAC class when a key change is legitimate and optionally releases the managed resources. (Inherited from HMAC.)
Public methodEquals(Object)Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodFinalizeAllows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetHashCodeServes as the default hash function. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodHashCoreWhen overridden in a derived class, routes data written to the object into the default HMAC hash algorithm for computing the hash value. (Inherited from HMAC.)
Protected methodHashFinalWhen overridden in a derived class, finalizes the hash computation after the last data is processed by the cryptographic stream object. (Inherited from HMAC.)
Public methodInitializeInitializes an instance of the default implementation of HMAC. (Inherited from HMAC.)
Protected methodMemberwiseCloneCreates a shallow copy of the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodToStringReturns a string that represents the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodTransformBlockComputes the hash value for the specified region of the input byte array and copies the specified region of the input byte array to the specified region of the output byte array. (Inherited from HashAlgorithm.)
Public methodTransformFinalBlockComputes the hash value for the specified region of the specified byte array. (Inherited from HashAlgorithm.)
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  NameDescription
Protected fieldHashSizeValueRepresents the size, in bits, of the computed hash code. (Inherited from HashAlgorithm.)
Protected fieldHashValueRepresents the value of the computed hash code. (Inherited from HashAlgorithm.)
Protected fieldKeyValueThe key to use in the hash algorithm. (Inherited from KeyedHashAlgorithm.)
Protected fieldStateRepresents the state of the hash computation. (Inherited from HashAlgorithm.)
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HMACMD5 is a type of keyed hash algorithm that is constructed from the Message Digest Algorithm 5 (MD5) hash function and used as a Hash-based Message Authentication Code (HMAC). The HMAC process mixes a secret key with the message data, hashes the result with the hash function, mixes that hash value with the secret key again, and then applies the hash function a second time. The output hash is 128 bits in length.

An HMAC can be used to determine whether a message sent over an insecure channel has been tampered with, provided that the sender and receiver share a secret key. The sender computes the hash value for the original data and sends both the original data and hash value as a single message. The receiver recalculates the hash value on the received message and checks that the computed HMAC matches the transmitted HMAC.

Any change to the data or the hash value results in a mismatch, because knowledge of the secret key is required to change the message and reproduce the correct hash value. Therefore, if the original and computed hash values match, the message is authenticated.

MD5 is a cryptographic hash algorithm developed at RSA Laboratories. HMACMD5 accepts keys of any size, and produces a hash sequence that is 128 bits in length.

The following example shows how to sign a file by using the HMACMD5 object and then how to verify the file.

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Security.Cryptography;

public class HMACMD5example
{

    public static void Main(string[] Fileargs)
    {
        string dataFile;
        string signedFile;
        //If no file names are specified, create them. 
        if (Fileargs.Length < 2)
        {
            dataFile = @"text.txt";
            signedFile = "signedFile.enc";

            if (!File.Exists(dataFile))
            {
                // Create a file to write to. 
                using (StreamWriter sw = File.CreateText(dataFile))
                {
                    sw.WriteLine("Here is a message to sign");
                }
            }

        }
        else
        {
            dataFile = Fileargs[0];
            signedFile = Fileargs[1];
        }
        try
        {
            // Create a random key using a random number generator. This would be the 
            //  secret key shared by sender and receiver. 
            byte[] secretkey = new Byte[64];
            //RNGCryptoServiceProvider is an implementation of a random number generator. 
            using (RNGCryptoServiceProvider rng = new RNGCryptoServiceProvider())
            {
                // The array is now filled with cryptographically strong random bytes.
                rng.GetBytes(secretkey);

                // Use the secret key to sign the message file.
                SignFile(secretkey, dataFile, signedFile);

                // Verify the signed file
                VerifyFile(secretkey, signedFile);
            }
        }
        catch (IOException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Error: File not found", e);
        }

    }  //end main 
    // Computes a keyed hash for a source file and creates a target file with the keyed hash 
    // prepended to the contents of the source file.  
    public static void SignFile(byte[] key, String sourceFile, String destFile)
    {
        // Initialize the keyed hash object. 
        using (HMACMD5 hmac = new HMACMD5(key))
        {
            using (FileStream inStream = new FileStream(sourceFile, FileMode.Open))
            {
                using (FileStream outStream = new FileStream(destFile, FileMode.Create))
                {
                    // Compute the hash of the input file. 
                    byte[] hashValue = hmac.ComputeHash(inStream);
                    // Reset inStream to the beginning of the file.
                    inStream.Position = 0;
                    // Write the computed hash value to the output file.
                    outStream.Write(hashValue, 0, hashValue.Length);
                    // Copy the contents of the sourceFile to the destFile. 
                    int bytesRead;
                    // read 1K at a time 
                    byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];
                    do
                    {
                        // Read from the wrapping CryptoStream.
                        bytesRead = inStream.Read(buffer, 0, 1024);
                        outStream.Write(buffer, 0, bytesRead);
                    } while (bytesRead > 0);
                }
            }
        }
        return;
    } // end SignFile 


    // Compares the key in the source file with a new key created for the data portion of the file. If the keys  
    // compare the data has not been tampered with. 
    public static bool VerifyFile(byte[] key, String sourceFile)
    {
        bool err = false;
        // Initialize the keyed hash object.  
        using (HMACMD5 hmac = new HMACMD5(key))
        {
            // Create an array to hold the keyed hash value read from the file. 
            byte[] storedHash = new byte[hmac.HashSize / 8];
            // Create a FileStream for the source file. 
            using (FileStream inStream = new FileStream(sourceFile, FileMode.Open))
            {
                // Read in the storedHash.
                inStream.Read(storedHash, 0, storedHash.Length);
                // Compute the hash of the remaining contents of the file. 
                // The stream is properly positioned at the beginning of the content,  
                // immediately after the stored hash value. 
                byte[] computedHash = hmac.ComputeHash(inStream);
                // compare the computed hash with the stored value 

                for (int i = 0; i < storedHash.Length; i++)
                {
                    if (computedHash[i] != storedHash[i])
                    {
                        err = true;
                    }
                }
            }
        }
        if (err)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Hash values differ! Signed file has been tampered with!");
            return false;
        }
        else
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Hash values agree -- no tampering occurred.");
            return true;
        }

    } //end VerifyFile

} //end class

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.2, 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.
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