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DESCryptoServiceProvider Constructor

Initializes a new instance of the DESCryptoServiceProvider class.

Namespace:  System.Security.Cryptography
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public DESCryptoServiceProvider()

ExceptionCondition
CryptographicException

The Data Encryption Standard (DES) cryptographic service provider is not available.

The following code example uses DESCryptoServiceProvider (an implementation of DES) with the specified key (Key) and initialization vector (IV) to encrypt a file specified by inName. It then outputs the encrypted result to the file specified by outName.


private static void EncryptData(String inName, String outName, byte[] desKey, byte[] desIV)
 {    
     //Create the file streams to handle the input and output files.
     FileStream fin = new FileStream(inName, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read);
     FileStream fout = new FileStream(outName, FileMode.OpenOrCreate, FileAccess.Write);
     fout.SetLength(0);

     //Create variables to help with read and write.
     byte[] bin = new byte[100]; //This is intermediate storage for the encryption.
     long rdlen = 0;              //This is the total number of bytes written.
     long totlen = fin.Length;    //This is the total length of the input file.
     int len;                     //This is the number of bytes to be written at a time.

     DES des = new DESCryptoServiceProvider();          
     CryptoStream encStream = new CryptoStream(fout, des.CreateEncryptor(desKey, desIV), CryptoStreamMode.Write);

     Console.WriteLine("Encrypting...");

     //Read from the input file, then encrypt and write to the output file.
     while(rdlen < totlen)
     {
         len = fin.Read(bin, 0, 100);
         encStream.Write(bin, 0, len);
         rdlen = rdlen + len;
         Console.WriteLine("{0} bytes processed", rdlen);
     }

     encStream.Close();  
     fout.Close();
     fin.Close();                   
 }


Decryption can be handled in the same way; use CreateDecryptor instead of CreateEncryptor. The same key (Key) and initialization vector (IV) used to encrypt the file must be used to decrypt it.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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