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DES Class

Represents the base class for the Data Encryption Standard (DES) algorithm from which all DES implementations must derive.

For a list of all members of this type, see DES Members.

System.Object
   System.Security.Cryptography.SymmetricAlgorithm
      System.Security.Cryptography.DES
         System.Security.Cryptography.DESCryptoServiceProvider

[Visual Basic]
MustInherit Public Class DES
   Inherits SymmetricAlgorithm
[C#]
public abstract class DES : SymmetricAlgorithm
[C++]
public __gc __abstract class DES : public SymmetricAlgorithm
[JScript]
public abstract class DES extends SymmetricAlgorithm

Thread Safety

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Example

[Visual Basic, C#, C++] The following example method uses DESCryptoServiceProvider (an implementation of DES) with the specified Key and initialization vector (IV) to encrypt a file specified by inName, and outputs the encrypted result to the file specified by outName.

[Visual Basic] 
Private Shared Sub EncryptData(inName As String, outName As String, _
desKey() As Byte, desIV() As Byte)

    'Create the file streams to handle the input and output files.
    Dim fin As New FileStream(inName, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read)
    Dim fout As New FileStream(outName, FileMode.OpenOrCreate, _
       FileAccess.Write)
    fout.SetLength(0)
    
    'Create variables to help with read and write.
    Dim bin(4096) As Byte 'This is intermediate storage for the encryption.
    Dim rdlen As Long = 0 'This is the total number of bytes written.
    Dim totlen As Long = fin.Length 'Total length of the input file.
    Dim len As Integer 'This is the number of bytes to be written at a time.
    Dim des As New DESCryptoServiceProvider()
    Dim encStream As New CryptoStream(fout, _
       des.CreateEncryptor(desKey, desIV), CryptoStreamMode.Write)
    
    Console.WriteLine("Encrypting...")
    
    'Read from the input file, then encrypt and write to the output file.
    While rdlen < totlen
        len = fin.Read(bin, 0, 4096)
        encStream.Write(bin, 0, len)
        rdlen = Convert.ToInt32(rdlen + len / des.BlockSize * des.BlockSize)
        Console.WriteLine("Processed {0} bytes, {1} bytes total", len, _
           rdlen)
    End While
    
    encStream.Close()
End Sub

[C#] 
private static void EncryptData(String inName, String outName, byte[] desKey, byte[] desIV)
 {    
     //Create the file streams to handle the input and output files.
     FileStream fin = new FileStream(inName, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read);
     FileStream fout = new FileStream(outName, FileMode.OpenOrCreate, FileAccess.Write);
     fout.SetLength(0);
       
     //Create variables to help with read and write.
     byte[] bin = new byte[100]; //This is intermediate storage for the encryption.
     long rdlen = 0;              //This is the total number of bytes written.
     long totlen = fin.Length;    //This is the total length of the input file.
     int len;                     //This is the number of bytes to be written at a time.
 
     DES des = new DESCryptoServiceProvider();          
     CryptoStream encStream = new CryptoStream(fout, des.CreateEncryptor(desKey, desIV), CryptoStreamMode.Write);
                
     Console.WriteLine("Encrypting...");
 
     //Read from the input file, then encrypt and write to the output file.
     while(rdlen < totlen)
     {
         len = fin.Read(bin, 0, 100);
         encStream.Write(bin, 0, len);
         rdlen = rdlen + len;
         Console.WriteLine("{0} bytes processed", rdlen);
     }
 
     encStream.Close();  
     fout.Close();
     fin.Close();                   
 }

[C++] 
void EncryptData(String* inName, String* outName, Byte desKey[], Byte desIV[])
{    
    //Create the file streams to handle the input and output files.
    FileStream* fin = new FileStream(inName, FileMode::Open, FileAccess::Read);
    FileStream* fout = new FileStream(outName, FileMode::OpenOrCreate, FileAccess::Write);
    fout->SetLength(0);

    //Create variables to help with read and write.
    Byte bin[] = new Byte[100]; //This is intermediate storage for the encryption.
    long rdlen = 0;              //This is the total number of bytes written.
    long totlen = (long)fin->Length;//This is the total length of the input file.
    int len;                     //This is the number of bytes to be written at a time.

    DES* des = new DESCryptoServiceProvider();          
    CryptoStream* encStream = new CryptoStream(fout, des->CreateEncryptor(desKey, desIV), CryptoStreamMode::Write);

    Console::WriteLine(S"Encrypting...");

    //Read from the input file, then encrypt and write to the output file.
    while(rdlen < totlen)
    {
        len = fin->Read(bin, 0, 100);
        encStream->Write(bin, 0, len);
        rdlen = rdlen + len;
        Console::WriteLine(S"{0} bytes processed", __box(rdlen));
    }

    encStream->Close();  
    fout->Close();
    fin->Close();                   
}

[Visual Basic, C#, C++] Decryption can be handled in the same way; use CreateDecryptor instead of CreateEncryptor. The same Key and IV used to encrypt the file must be used to decrypt.

[JScript] No example is available for JScript. To view a Visual Basic, C#, or C++ example, click the Language Filter button Language Filter in the upper-left corner of the page.

Requirements

Namespace: System.Security.Cryptography

Platforms: Windows 98, Windows NT 4.0, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 2000, Windows XP Home Edition, Windows XP Professional, Windows Server 2003 family

Assembly: Mscorlib (in Mscorlib.dll)

See Also

DES Members | System.Security.Cryptography Namespace | Cryptographic Services

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