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CryptoStream Class

Defines a stream that links data streams to cryptographic transformations.

Namespace: System.Security.Cryptography
Assembly: mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

[ComVisibleAttribute(true)] 
public class CryptoStream : Stream, IDisposable
/** @attribute ComVisibleAttribute(true) */ 
public class CryptoStream extends Stream implements IDisposable
ComVisibleAttribute(true) 
public class CryptoStream extends Stream implements IDisposable
Not applicable.

The common language runtime uses a stream-oriented design for cryptography. The core of this design is CryptoStream. Any cryptographic objects that implement CryptoStream can be chained together with any objects that implement Stream, so the streamed output from one object can be fed into the input of another object. The intermediate result (the output from the first object) does not need to be stored separately.

You should always explicitly close your CryptoStream object after you are done using it by calling the Close method. Doing so flushes the stream and causes all remain blocks of data to be processed by the CryptoStream object. However, if an exception occurs before you call the Close method, the CryptoStream object might not be closed. To ensure that the Close method always gets called, place your call to the Close method within the finally block of a try/catch statement.

The following example demonstrates how to use a CryptoStream to encrypt a string. This method uses RijndaelManaged class with the specified Key and initialization vector (IV).

using System;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Text;
using System.IO;

class RijndaelSample
{

    static void Main()
    {
        try
        {
            // Create a new Rijndael object to generate a key
            // and initialization vector (IV).
            Rijndael RijndaelAlg = Rijndael.Create();

            // Create a string to encrypt.
            string sData = "Here is some data to encrypt.";
            string FileName = "CText.txt";

            // Encrypt text to a file using the file name, key, and IV.
            EncryptTextToFile(sData, FileName, RijndaelAlg.Key, RijndaelAlg.IV);

            // Decrypt the text from a file using the file name, key, and IV.
            string Final = DecryptTextFromFile(FileName, RijndaelAlg.Key, RijndaelAlg.IV);

            // Display the decrypted string to the console.
            Console.WriteLine(Final);
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        }

        Console.ReadLine();
    }

    public static void EncryptTextToFile(String Data, String FileName, byte[] Key, byte[] IV)
    {
        try
        {
            // Create or open the specified file.
            FileStream fStream = File.Open(FileName, FileMode.OpenOrCreate);

            // Create a new Rijndael object.
            Rijndael RijndaelAlg = Rijndael.Create();

            // Create a CryptoStream using the FileStream 
            // and the passed key and initialization vector (IV).
            CryptoStream cStream = new CryptoStream(fStream,
                RijndaelAlg.CreateEncryptor(Key, IV),
                CryptoStreamMode.Write);

            // Create a StreamWriter using the CryptoStream.
            StreamWriter sWriter = new StreamWriter(cStream);

            try
            {
                // Write the data to the stream 
                // to encrypt it.
                sWriter.WriteLine(Data);
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("An error occurred: {0}", e.Message);
            }
            finally
            {
                // Close the streams and
                // close the file.
                sWriter.Close();
                cStream.Close();
                fStream.Close();
            }
        }
        catch (CryptographicException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("A Cryptographic error occurred: {0}", e.Message);
        }
        catch (UnauthorizedAccessException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("A file error occurred: {0}", e.Message);
        }

    }

    public static string DecryptTextFromFile(String FileName, byte[] Key, byte[] IV)
    {
        try
        {
            // Create or open the specified file. 
            FileStream fStream = File.Open(FileName, FileMode.OpenOrCreate);

            // Create a new Rijndael object.
            Rijndael RijndaelAlg = Rijndael.Create();

            // Create a CryptoStream using the FileStream 
            // and the passed key and initialization vector (IV).
            CryptoStream cStream = new CryptoStream(fStream,
                RijndaelAlg.CreateDecryptor(Key, IV),
                CryptoStreamMode.Read);

            // Create a StreamReader using the CryptoStream.
            StreamReader sReader = new StreamReader(cStream);

            string val = null;

            try
            {
                // Read the data from the stream 
                // to decrypt it.
                val = sReader.ReadLine();


            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("An error occurred: {0}", e.Message);
            }
            finally
            {

                // Close the streams and
                // close the file.
                sReader.Close();
                cStream.Close();
                fStream.Close();
            }

            // Return the string. 
            return val;
        }
        catch (CryptographicException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("A Cryptographic error occurred: {0}", e.Message);
            return null;
        }
        catch (UnauthorizedAccessException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("A file error occurred: {0}", e.Message);
            return null;
        }
    }
}

System.Object
   System.MarshalByRefObject
     System.IO.Stream
      System.Security.Cryptography.CryptoStream

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 2.0

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