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CollectionDataContractAttribute Class

When applied to a collection type, enables custom specification of the collection item elements. This attribute can be applied only to types that are recognized by the DataContractSerializer as valid, serializable collections.

System.Object
  System.Attribute
    System.Runtime.Serialization.CollectionDataContractAttribute

Namespace:  System.Runtime.Serialization
Assembly:  System.Runtime.Serialization (in System.Runtime.Serialization.dll)

[AttributeUsageAttribute(AttributeTargets.Class|AttributeTargets.Struct, Inherited = false, 
	AllowMultiple = false)]
public sealed class CollectionDataContractAttribute : Attribute

The CollectionDataContractAttribute type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public methodSupported by Portable Class LibraryCollectionDataContractAttributeInitializes a new instance of the CollectionDataContractAttribute class.
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  NameDescription
Public propertySupported by Portable Class LibraryIsReferenceGets or sets a value that indicates whether to preserve object reference data.
Public propertySupported by Portable Class LibraryItemNameGets or sets a custom name for a collection element.
Public propertySupported by Portable Class LibraryKeyNameGets or sets the custom name for a dictionary key name.
Public propertySupported by Portable Class LibraryNameGets or sets the data contract name for the collection type.
Public propertySupported by Portable Class LibraryNamespaceGets or sets the namespace for the data contract.
Public propertyTypeIdWhen implemented in a derived class, gets a unique identifier for this Attribute. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Public propertySupported by Portable Class LibraryValueNameGets or sets the custom name for a dictionary value name.
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  NameDescription
Public methodSupported by Portable Class LibraryEqualsInfrastructure. Returns a value that indicates whether this instance is equal to a specified object. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Protected methodSupported by Portable Class LibraryFinalizeAllows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodSupported by Portable Class LibraryGetHashCodeReturns the hash code for this instance. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Public methodSupported by Portable Class LibraryGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodIsDefaultAttributeWhen overridden in a derived class, indicates whether the value of this instance is the default value for the derived class. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Public methodMatchWhen overridden in a derived class, returns a value that indicates whether this instance equals a specified object. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Protected methodSupported by Portable Class LibraryMemberwiseCloneCreates a shallow copy of the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodSupported by Portable Class LibraryToStringReturns a string that represents the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
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  NameDescription
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute.GetIDsOfNamesMaps a set of names to a corresponding set of dispatch identifiers. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute.GetTypeInfoRetrieves the type information for an object, which can be used to get the type information for an interface. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute.GetTypeInfoCountRetrieves the number of type information interfaces that an object provides (either 0 or 1). (Inherited from Attribute.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute.InvokeProvides access to properties and methods exposed by an object. (Inherited from Attribute.)
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The CollectionDataContractAttribute is intended to ease interoperability when working with data from non- providers and to control the exact shape of serialized instances. To this end, the ItemName property enables you to control the names of the repeating items inside a collection. This is especially useful when the provider does not use the XML element type name as the array item name, for example, if a provider uses "String" as an element type name instead of the XSD type name "string".

The CollectionDataContractAttribute is also intended to be used with dictionary types to handle keyed collections. Dictionary types are classes that implement either the IDictionary or the IDictionary<TKey, TValue> interface, for example, the Dictionary<TKey, TValue>. Use the KeyName and ValueName properties to set custom names when using the Dictionary<TKey, TValue> class.

For more information about using the DataContractSerializer, see Data Contracts Overview.

The following example applies the CollectionDataContractAttribute to a class that inherits from the List<T> class. The code sets the Name and ItemName properties to custom values.


[CollectionDataContract(Name = "Custom{0}List", ItemName = "CustomItem")]
public class CustomList<T> : List<T>
{
    public CustomList()
        : base()
    {
    }

    public CustomList(T[] items)
        : base()
    {
        foreach (T item in items)
        {
            Add(item);
        }
    }
}


When the Service Model Metadata Utility Tool (Svcutil.exe) is used to generate code for the client, the code resembles the following example. Notice that the name of the class is changed, as well as the ItemName. When using generics, the type parameter name is used to create the resulting type name.


// This is the generated code. Note that the class is renamed to "CustomBookList", 
// and the ItemName is set to "CustomItem".
[System.CodeDom.Compiler.GeneratedCodeAttribute("System.Runtime.Serialization", "3.0.0.0")]
[System.Runtime.Serialization.CollectionDataContractAttribute(ItemName = "CustomItem")]
public class CustomBookList : System.Collections.Generic.List<Microsoft.Security.Samples.Book>
{
}


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

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