Export (0) Print
Expand All

ReadOnlyArrayAttribute Class

.NET Framework 4.5

When applied to an array parameter in a Windows Runtime component, specifies that the contents of the array that is passed to that parameter are used only for input. The caller expects the array to be unchanged by the call. See the Remarks section for important information about callers that are written using managed code.

System.Object
  System.Attribute
    System.Runtime.InteropServices.WindowsRuntime.ReadOnlyArrayAttribute

Namespace:  System.Runtime.InteropServices.WindowsRuntime
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

[AttributeUsageAttribute(AttributeTargets.Parameter, Inherited = false, AllowMultiple = false)]
public sealed class ReadOnlyArrayAttribute : Attribute

The ReadOnlyArrayAttribute type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public methodReadOnlyArrayAttributeInitializes a new instance of the ReadOnlyArrayAttribute class.
Top

  NameDescription
Public propertyTypeIdWhen implemented in a derived class, gets a unique identifier for this Attribute. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Top

  NameDescription
Public methodEqualsInfrastructure. Returns a value that indicates whether this instance is equal to a specified object. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Public methodGetHashCodeReturns the hash code for this instance. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Public methodGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodIsDefaultAttributeWhen overridden in a derived class, indicates whether the value of this instance is the default value for the derived class. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Public methodMatchWhen overridden in a derived class, returns a value that indicates whether this instance equals a specified object. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Public methodToStringReturns a string that represents the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
Top

  NameDescription
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute.GetIDsOfNamesMaps a set of names to a corresponding set of dispatch identifiers. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute.GetTypeInfoRetrieves the type information for an object, which can be used to get the type information for an interface. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute.GetTypeInfoCountRetrieves the number of type information interfaces that an object provides (either 0 or 1). (Inherited from Attribute.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute.InvokeProvides access to properties and methods exposed by an object. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Top

If an array parameter in your Windows Runtime component is passed by value (ByVal in Visual Basic), you must apply one of the following attributes to it:

  • Apply the ReadOnlyArrayAttribute attribute if you intend the contents of the array to be used for input only.

  • Apply the WriteOnlyArrayAttribute attribute if you intend the contents of the array to be used for output only (that is, the method sets the contents of the array but does not read them).

Applying both attributes to a parameter causes an error. For more information, including the standard pattern for making changes to an array, see Passing arrays to a Windows Runtime component in the Windows Dev Center.

Important noteImportant

Parameters that have the ReadOnlyArrayAttribute attribute behave differently depending on whether the caller is written in native code or managed code. If the caller is native code (JavaScript or Visual C++ component extensions), the array is copied when the call crosses the application binary interface (ABI) boundary. Elements are converted if necessary. Therefore, any accidental changes the method makes to an input-only array are not visible to the caller.

If the caller is managed code, the array is not copied. The original array is available to the called method, as it would be in any method call in the .NET Framework. Array contents are mutable in .NET Framework code, so any changes the method makes to the array are visible to the caller. This is important to remember because it affects unit tests written for a Windows Runtime component. If the tests are written in managed code, the contents of an array will appear to be mutable during testing.

Applying this attribute to a parameter that has the InAttribute or OutAttribute attribute causes an error when the module is exported. Applying the attribute to an out parameter also causes an error.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.2, 4.5.1, 4.5

.NET for Windows Phone apps

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Silverlight 8.1

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.
Show:
© 2014 Microsoft